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# For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either

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Intern
Joined: 01 Dec 2007
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For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2007, 21:46
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For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either public or private non-profit colleges. At the same time, relative to non-profit colleges, for-profit colleges draw a disproportionate share of federal and state financial aid, such as tuition grants and guaranteed loans, for their students. It must be, then, that for-profit colleges enroll a greater proportion of financially disadvantaged students than do non-profit colleges.

The conclusion above depends on which of the following assumptions?

Public non-profit colleges and private non-profit colleges enroll a similar proportion of financially disadvantaged students.

For-profit colleges do not engage in fraudulent practices in helping their students obtain unneeded federal and state financial aid.

The number of students receiving federal and state financial aid at for-profit colleges is greater than the number of students receiving federal and state financial aid at non-profit colleges.

For-profit colleges are of similar educational quality as non-profit colleges.

The majority of students at for-profit colleges do not default on repayment of their loans after they complete college.
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Manager
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09 Dec 2007, 17:28
I'll go with B

A: Incorrect Contrary to conclusion
B: Correct - assumes that only "deserving" students receive grants
C: Incorrect - we are talking proportions, not absolute numbers
D: Incorrect - out of scope
D: Incorrect - no dicussion of repayment being a factor in text
Manager
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10 Dec 2007, 06:14
applecrisp wrote:
For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either public or private non-profit colleges. At the same time, relative to non-profit colleges, for-profit colleges draw a disproportionate share of federal and state financial aid, such as tuition grants and guaranteed loans, for their students. It must be, then, that for-profit colleges enroll a greater proportion of financially disadvantaged students than do non-profit colleges.

The conclusion above depends on which of the following assumptions?

Public non-profit colleges and private non-profit colleges enroll a similar proportion of financially disadvantaged students.

For-profit colleges do not engage in fraudulent practices in helping their students obtain unneeded federal and state financial aid.

The number of students receiving federal and state financial aid at for-profit colleges is greater than the number of students receiving federal and state financial aid at non-profit colleges.

For-profit colleges are of similar educational quality as non-profit colleges.

The majority of students at for-profit colleges do not default on repayment of their loans after they complete college.

I think it's B
Manager
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12 Dec 2007, 16:08
Dont you think this is a classic proportion question? The answer should be A. If the proportion of financially disadvantaged students is the same, and for-profit colleges draw a disproportionate share of federal and state financial aid, for their students, it would mean, that for-profit colleges should enroll a greater proportion of financially disadvantaged students than do non-profit colleges, which is the conclusion.

So, should'nt A be the assumption on which the conclusion is based.
Manager
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12 Dec 2007, 19:38
I can't follow your reasoning.... how can the proportions be the same for private and public (assumption) but end up with for-profit having a higher proportion (conclusion)? they seem mutually exclusive to me.
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13 Dec 2007, 01:38
applecrisp wrote:
For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either public or private non-profit colleges. At the same time, relative to non-profit colleges, for-profit colleges draw a disproportionate share of federal and state financial aid, such as tuition grants and guaranteed loans, for their students. It must be, then, that for-profit colleges enroll a greater proportion of financially disadvantaged students than do non-profit colleges.

The conclusion above depends on which of the following assumptions?

Public non-profit colleges and private non-profit colleges enroll a similar proportion of financially disadvantaged students.

For-profit colleges do not engage in fraudulent practices in helping their students obtain unneeded federal and state financial aid.

The number of students receiving federal and state financial aid at for-profit colleges is greater than the number of students receiving federal and state financial aid at non-profit colleges.

For-profit colleges are of similar educational quality as non-profit colleges.

The majority of students at for-profit colleges do not default on repayment of their loans after they complete college.

B. the students must be really disadvantaged
Manager
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For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either [#permalink]

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01 May 2015, 06:42
I faced similar question in MGMAT CAT,but over there the Q was in evaluate the argument format. Somehow attempting the question above(find the assumption) was easier than evaluate the argument, pasted below. Also, one reason I didn't choose option B was because I thought it is too extreme of an option.

~~~~~~~

For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either public or private non-profit colleges. At the same time, relative to non-profit colleges, for-profit colleges draw a disproportionate share of federal and state financial aid, such as tuition grants and guaranteed loans, for their students. It must be, then, that for-profit colleges enroll a greater proportion of financially disadvantaged students than do non-profit colleges.

In assessing the argument above, it would be most useful to compare

1.the proportion of financially disadvantaged students served by public and private non-profit colleges

2.the extent to which for-profit and non-profit colleges engage in fraudulent practices in helping their students obtain unneeded federal and state financial aid

3.the number of students receiving federal and state financial aid at for-profit colleges and non-profit colleges

4.the quality of education received by financially disadvantaged students at for-profit colleges and non-profit colleges

5.the rates of default on loan repayments among graduates of for-profit and non-profit colleges
For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either   [#permalink] 01 May 2015, 06:42
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