GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 18 Dec 2018, 10:14

# In Progress:

Admit Calls from Ross Join Chat Room | McCombs Join Chat Room for Latest Updates

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

## Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in December
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
2526272829301
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
303112345
Open Detailed Calendar
• ### Happy Christmas 20% Sale! Math Revolution All-In-One Products!

December 20, 2018

December 20, 2018

10:00 PM PST

11:00 PM PST

This is the most inexpensive and attractive price in the market. Get the course now!
• ### Key Strategies to Master GMAT SC

December 22, 2018

December 22, 2018

07:00 AM PST

09:00 AM PST

Attend this webinar to learn how to leverage Meaning and Logic to solve the most challenging Sentence Correction Questions.

# For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 16 Dec 2012
Posts: 58
Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q50 V33
GMAT 2: 660 Q51 V28
GMAT 3: 740 Q49 V41
GPA: 3.55
WE: Engineering (Entertainment and Sports)
Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Nov 2014, 05:24
mydreammba wrote:
i agree with B

But can someone explain why not E?

Because if the students do not pay the loan then the for -profit organization would go into debts and it is a disadvantage for for -profit organization

E is irrelevant to the topic and it doesn't make any contribution to the conclusion. Whether the students will default or not default doesn't make a pinch to the conclusion, which says for profit colleges enrolls higher proportion of economically backward people than the other colleges, and also a person is defaulter or not doesn't tell anything about the probable financial situation at the time of admission..
Manager
Joined: 06 Jul 2011
Posts: 95
Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 May 2015, 05:42
I faced similar question in MGMAT CAT,but over there the Q was in evaluate the argument format. Somehow attempting the question above(find the assumption) was easier than evaluate the argument, pasted below. Also, one reason I didn't choose option B was because I thought it is too extreme of an option.

~~~~~~~

For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either public or private non-profit colleges. At the same time, relative to non-profit colleges, for-profit colleges draw a disproportionate share of federal and state financial aid, such as tuition grants and guaranteed loans, for their students. It must be, then, that for-profit colleges enroll a greater proportion of financially disadvantaged students than do non-profit colleges.

In assessing the argument above, it would be most useful to compare

1.the proportion of financially disadvantaged students served by public and private non-profit colleges

2.the extent to which for-profit and non-profit colleges engage in fraudulent practices in helping their students obtain unneeded federal and state financial aid

3.the number of students receiving federal and state financial aid at for-profit colleges and non-profit colleges

4.the quality of education received by financially disadvantaged students at for-profit colleges and non-profit colleges

5.the rates of default on loan repayments among graduates of for-profit and non-profit colleges
Retired Moderator
Joined: 18 Sep 2014
Posts: 1116
Location: India
Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Aug 2015, 10:41
Quote:
The argument concludes that for-profit colleges enroll a greater proportion of
financially disadvantaged students than do non-profit colleges.

This conclusion is based on the fact that students at for-profit colleges draw a disproportionate
share of federal and state financial aid.

The argument assumes a link between the proportion of aid received and the proportion of financially disadvantaged
students enrolled.

In so doing, it assumes that there are not other possible reasons for the disproportionate aid distribution.

(A) The conclusion makes a claim about the differences between for-profit and non-profit colleges. Differences among non-profit colleges – such as public vs private – are irrelevant to the argument.

(B) CORRECT. One alternative reason that might explain the disproportionate aid distribution is that for-profit colleges engaged in fraudulent practices to obtain unneeded financial assistance for their students.

If this were true, then much of the aid was distributed based not on the actual financial situation of the students but on the ability of colleges to defraud federal and state governments.

This answer choice asserts that this was NOT in fact the case, thereby eliminating this alternative explanation and highlighting a key assumption upon which the argument rests.

(C) The argument's claim is centered on proportions.

The actual number of students receiving aid at for-profit vs. non-profit colleges is irrelevant to the conclusion.

(D) The relative educational quality of for-profit vs. non-profit colleges lies outside the scope of the argument, which is focused solely on differences in financial aid distribution.

(E) The issue addressed by the argument is the amount of financial aid distributed to students at two types of institutions. Whether students successfully repay their loans after college is immaterial to the claim made in the argument.

I got a lot more confused between options B and C.
I could not understand B properly and took C.
Thanks (along with kudos) agourav for the explanation. I just rearranged your explanation in a readable format.
Board of Directors
Joined: 17 Jul 2014
Posts: 2616
Location: United States (IL)
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.92
WE: General Management (Transportation)
Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Mar 2016, 19:50
hogann wrote:
For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either public or private non-profit colleges. At the same time, relative to non-profit colleges, for-profit colleges draw a disproportionate share of federal and state financial aid, such as tuition grants and guaranteed loans, for their students. It must be, then, that for-profit colleges enroll a greater proportion of financially disadvantaged students than do non-profit colleges.

The conclusion above depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. Public non-profit colleges and private non-profit colleges enroll a similar proportion of financially disadvantaged students.
B. For-profit colleges do not engage in fraudulent practices in helping their students obtain unneeded federal and state financial aid.
C. The number of students receiving federal and state financial aid at for-profit colleges is greater than the number of students receiving federal and state financial aid at non-profit colleges.
D. For-profit colleges are of similar educational quality as non-profit colleges.
E. The majority of students at for-profit colleges do not default on repayment of their loans after they complete college.

wow..one of the questions that I read it and got everything right from the first try..
A - doesn't help at all, as neither of the colleges presented is contrasted to FPC.
B - aha, if FPC engage in fraudulent practices to obtain in unneeded fed+state aid then they would receive this aid for those who are not financially disadvantaged, thus, the conclusion breaks apart and is no longer true. B looks good.
C - we know that FPC enrolls fewer students but a greater % of enrolled students receive loans/grants - we speak about proportions...nothing about the absolute value..so no.
D - quality of education is out of scope.
E - this looks like a suggestion why FPC receive more loans..but it is definitely not an assumption. since this one talks about only loans...one more reason to dismiss this answer.
Intern
Joined: 01 Mar 2016
Posts: 10
Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Apr 2016, 23:47
2) For-profit colleges receive more money in the form of federal and state financial aid.

the above statement is nowhere given in the passage. It is said as "disproportionate", not 'more' or 'less'.

This is my doubt. Please explain.
Manager
Joined: 16 Oct 2015
Posts: 75
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GMAT 1: 520 Q44 V17
GMAT 2: 530 Q44 V20
GMAT 3: 710 Q48 V40
GPA: 3.45
WE: Research (Energy and Utilities)
Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Feb 2017, 01:56

Answer choice C compares number of students; however the argument clearly states proportion of students. Hence even if number of students in for-profit schools are fewer than that in other schools, the proportion of students getting financial aid would be high
Intern
Joined: 08 Feb 2017
Posts: 4
Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Mar 2017, 15:08
hogann wrote:
For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either public or private non-profit colleges. At the same time, relative to non-profit colleges, for-profit colleges draw a disproportionate share of federal and state financial aid, such as tuition grants and guaranteed loans, for their students. It must be, then, that for-profit colleges enroll a greater proportion of financially disadvantaged students than do non-profit colleges.

The conclusion above depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. Public non-profit colleges and private non-profit colleges enroll a similar proportion of financially disadvantaged students.
B. For-profit colleges do not engage in fraudulent practices in helping their students obtain unneeded federal and state financial aid.
C. The number of students receiving federal and state financial aid at for-profit colleges is greater than the number of students receiving federal and state financial aid at non-profit colleges.
D. For-profit colleges are of similar educational quality as non-profit colleges.
E. The majority of students at for-profit colleges do not default on repayment of their loans after they complete college.

This was a pain to solve. I intentionally eliminated B because a "for-profit college" exists to generate profit. The fact that they take a disproportionate amount of money from financially disadvantaged students shows, in itself, that these institutions take advantage of students by charging exuberant costs and expect the federal government to pay for them. That is why, even though for-profit colleges have fewer students, there is a disproportionate share of federal and state financial aid funneling to these institutions.
Thus, B would be the exact opposite of what is mentioned in the passage.

Please refute my logic so I can truly understand how B is the correct answer.
Intern
Joined: 11 Apr 2016
Posts: 14
Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Apr 2017, 23:01
Hi Experts,

I marked B because that seemed like the best option to go with. However, Whether For profit college obtain funds in a fraudulent way or not has no bearing to the proportion of students who are at a financial disadvantage. It is a college's decision to use which method seems likely to get funds.
Manager
Joined: 01 Apr 2017
Posts: 50
Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Apr 2017, 01:26
2
IshanVirdhi wrote:
Hi Experts,

I marked B because that seemed like the best option to go with. However, Whether For profit college obtain funds in a fraudulent way or not has no bearing to the proportion of students who are at a financial disadvantage. It is a college's decision to use which method seems likely to get funds.

Hi Ishan,

B. For-profit colleges do not engage in fraudulent practices in helping their students obtain unneeded federal and state financial aid.

If the funds are actually NOT needed by the students of these colleges, then can the author conclude that these students are from financially poor backgrounds? The answer is NO, right?

So, basically choice B tries to defend the argument against a situation that could break it.

Hope this helps!

Cheers!
Intern
Joined: 11 Apr 2016
Posts: 14
Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Apr 2017, 01:47
neetis5 wrote:
IshanVirdhi wrote:
Hi Experts,

I marked B because that seemed like the best option to go with. However, Whether For profit college obtain funds in a fraudulent way or not has no bearing to the proportion of students who are at a financial disadvantage. It is a college's decision to use which method seems likely to get funds.

Hi Ishan,

B. For-profit colleges do not engage in fraudulent practices in helping their students obtain unneeded federal and state financial aid.

If the funds are actually NOT needed by the students of these colleges, then can the author conclude that these students are from financially poor backgrounds? The answer is NO, right?

So, basically choice B tries to defend the argument against a situation that could break it.

Hope this helps!

Cheers!

Thanks a Lot . That unneeded changed everything. Didn't see it the first time.
Manager
Joined: 01 Apr 2017
Posts: 50
Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Apr 2017, 02:36
1
IshanVirdhi wrote:
neetis5 wrote:
IshanVirdhi wrote:
Hi Experts,

I marked B because that seemed like the best option to go with. However, Whether For profit college obtain funds in a fraudulent way or not has no bearing to the proportion of students who are at a financial disadvantage. It is a college's decision to use which method seems likely to get funds.

Hi Ishan,

B. For-profit colleges do not engage in fraudulent practices in helping their students obtain unneeded federal and state financial aid.

If the funds are actually NOT needed by the students of these colleges, then can the author conclude that these students are from financially poor backgrounds? The answer is NO, right?

So, basically choice B tries to defend the argument against a situation that could break it.

Hope this helps!

Cheers!

Thanks a Lot . That unneeded changed everything. Didn't see it the first time.

Thought so.

You are welcome!
Director
Joined: 26 Aug 2016
Posts: 622
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Marketing
GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V33
GMAT 2: 700 Q50 V33
GMAT 3: 730 Q51 V38
GPA: 4
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Apr 2017, 05:38
I suppose we need a defender assumption. So I'll go with B. But can someone explain me when to choose defender and when to choose supporter assumptions.

Sent from my ONE A2003 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
Manager
Status: active
Joined: 25 Jan 2016
Posts: 134
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 4
WE: Web Development (Computer Software)
Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Apr 2017, 07:49
B. For-profit colleges do not engage in fraudulent practices in helping their students obtain unneeded federal and state financial aid

For profit colleges if engage in fraudulent practices than they do not require any financial aid from outside.So it breaks our conclusion.
Director
Joined: 26 Oct 2016
Posts: 640
Location: United States
Schools: HBS '19
GMAT 1: 770 Q51 V44
GPA: 4
WE: Education (Education)
Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Apr 2017, 08:20
Conclusion:- “for-profit colleges enroll a greater proportion of financially disadvantaged students than do non-profit colleges.”
“For-profit colleges do not engage in fraudulent practices in helping their students obtain unneeded federal and state financial aid”.
As colleges are getting engaged in fraudulent practices to get financial aid this concludes that students are not financially disadvantaged contradicting the conclusion. Hence choice B is correct.
_________________

Thanks & Regards,
Anaira Mitch

Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 13 Feb 2015
Posts: 363
Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Jul 2017, 08:13
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
_________________

Intern
Joined: 04 Aug 2014
Posts: 29
GMAT 1: 620 Q44 V31
GMAT 2: 620 Q47 V28
GPA: 3.2
Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jul 2017, 22:51
still have doubts about option c.
argument say for -profit sever far fewer students - suppose 10 vs 20 ( not for profit)
option c says: students receiving aid are more in for profit - suppose 5 vs 2( not for profit).We can conclude 5/10 > 2/20 i.e proportion is more for- profit than for non-profit
kindly clear where i am going wrong
Intern
Joined: 12 Jul 2018
Posts: 46
Location: India
Schools: ISB '20, NUS '21
GMAT 1: 420 Q26 V13
GMAT 2: 540 Q44 V21
Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Nov 2018, 06:53
applecrisp wrote:
For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either public or private non-profit colleges. At the same time, relative to non-profit colleges, for-profit colleges draw a disproportionate share of federal and state financial aid, such as tuition grants and guaranteed loans, for their students. It must be, then, that for-profit colleges enroll a greater proportion of financially disadvantaged students than do non-profit colleges.

The conclusion above depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. Public non-profit colleges and private non-profit colleges enroll a similar proportion of financially disadvantaged students.

B. For-profit colleges do not engage in fraudulent practices in helping their students obtain unneeded federal and state financial aid.

C. The number of students receiving federal and state financial aid at for-profit colleges is greater than the number of students receiving federal and state financial aid at non-profit colleges.

D. For-profit colleges are of similar educational quality as non-profit colleges.

E. The majority of students at for-profit colleges do not default on repayment of their loans after they complete college.

The argument concludes that for-profit colleges enroll a greater proportion of
financially disadvantaged students than do non-profit colleges.
This conclusion is
based on the fact that students at for-profit colleges draw a disproportionate
share of federal and state financial aid. The argument assumes a link between
students enrolled. In so doing, it assumes that there are not other possible
reasons for the disproportionate aid distribution.

(A) The conclusion makes a claim about the differences between for-profit and
non-profit colleges. Differences among non-profit colleges – such as public vs.
private – are irrelevant to the argument.

(B) CORRECT. One alternative reason that might explain the disproportionate
aid distribution is that for-profit colleges engaged in fraudulent practices to obtain
unneeded financial assistance for their students. If this were true, then much of
the aid was distributed based not on the actual financial situation of the students
but on the ability of colleges to defraud federal and state governments. This
answer choice asserts that this was NOT in fact the case, thereby eliminating this
alternative explanation and highlighting a key assumption upon which the
argument rests.

(C) The argument's claim is centered on proportions. The actual number of
students receiving aid at for-profit vs. non-profit colleges is irrelevant to the
conclusion.

(D) The relative educational quality of for-profit vs. non-profit colleges lies outside
the scope of the argument, which is focused solely on differences in financial aid
distribution.

(E) The issue addressed by the argument is the amount of financial aid
distributed to students at two types of institutions. Whether students successfully
repay their loans after college is immaterial to the claim made in the argument.
_________________

Keep your eyes on the prize: 750

Manhattan Prep Instructor
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1356
Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Nov 2018, 00:27
sidagar You're right that C strengthens the argument, but that's not what we're looking for. We're looking for an assumption, which means a missing piece that is required for the argument to work.

As a side note, notice that even with C inserted, the argument is still making the assumption described in B. We don't know whether a larger proportion of students receiving aid indicates that more students in those schools actually need aid.
_________________

Dmitry Farber | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | New York

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either &nbs [#permalink] 30 Nov 2018, 00:27

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 38 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by