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# For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h

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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2014, 17:57
1
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1. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Hobstein cows are producing Wrong - nonsensical to use present progressive tense (present progressive indicates action is taking place)

2. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, the Hobstein cow produces Wrong - "them" modifier requires a plural referent

3. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Hobstein cows are producing Wrong - nonsensical to use present progressive tense (present progressive indicates action is taking place)

4. provided with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, the Hobstein cow produces Wrong - "them" modifier requires a plural referent

5. provided with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, Hobstein cows will produce Best choice among not good answer choices - "will produce" not as good as "produce", but it is better than present progressive "are producing"

IMO E

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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2014, 18:12
1
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jlgdr wrote:
Dhairya275 wrote:
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Hobstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each year.

1. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Hobstein cows are producing
2. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, the Hobstein cow produces
3. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Hobstein cows are producing
4. provided with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, the Hobstein cow produces
5. provided with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, Hobstein cows will produce

Parallelism ?

Would someone explain this one? I don't really get how provided can follow for the farmer... it sounds like the farmer itself is provided with high energy feed which doesn't make any sense.

Thanks
Cheers
J

IMO The author wants the reader to know that the cows provide milk for the farmer. Since "provided, and milked.." are separated by commas, they are non-restrictive modifiers. These modifiers do not have to describe the noun immediately preceding it. Furthermore, "For" is a preposition, so "farmer" must be the object of the preposition. ("who..." modifies the farmer.) Thus, because "farmer" is the object of the preposition, it cannot take any participle modifiers. The only eligible noun to take the modifiers is the subject of the sentence, "Hobstein" cows. This must be the correct answer. After all, you'll notice the correct answer E is "as-clean-as-a-whistle" -- it doesn't contains any pronouns.

I hope the helps.

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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2014, 18:29
vietmoi999 wrote:
THIS QUESTION IS WRITEN WRONG

if we learn like this, we can not win gmat

exactly. this is why I stopped doing practice questions unless they were from my study materials (Manhattan or Magoosh) or official GMAT. Too much risk of inconsistency to mess with your studying mojo. The only reason I even clicked on this link is that I remember this question from the OG and was surprised to see an official question on GC. I thought you couldn't post official GMAT questions here??

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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2014, 08:34
Hi E-GMAT,

Sentence structute for this sentence ,

My analysis ,

For the farmer (SUB) ..Clause 1

who takes care to keep them cool, SUB Clause

providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Contuning the Clause 1.

Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.Clause 2.

Now Dependent Clause 1 seems to have no verb.

and Clause 2 is just a fact and it is not linked with dependent clause 1.

Now my only question is how come "will produce" mention in the option E is correct. Can't it be a simple verb tense.

Thanks

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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2014, 12:01
Nitinaka19 wrote:
Hi E-GMAT,

Sentence structute for this sentence ,

My analysis ,

For the farmer (SUB) ..Clause 1

who takes care to keep them cool, SUB Clause

providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Contuning the Clause 1.

Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.Clause 2.

Now Dependent Clause 1 seems to have no verb.

and Clause 2 is just a fact and it is not linked with dependent clause 1.

Now my only question is how come "will produce" mention in the option E is correct. Can't it be a simple verb tense.

Thanks

Hi Nitinaka19,
Thank you for the query.

Although the construction of this sentence is not similar to an “if…then…” construction, it represents a similar type of cause and effect relationship.
• For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

The sentence indicates that if a farmer takes care to fulfill these three conditions:
1. Keep the cows cool
2. Keep the cows provided with high-energy feed
3. And keep them milked regularly

Holstein cows will produce an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

Since the conditions in the first part are written in the simple present tense, the effect is correctly represented in the simple future tense (will produce).

Hope this helps!
Regards,
Deepak
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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2014, 17:15
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For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

A. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
Wrong. Cows should be provided with high-energy feed and milked regularly.

B. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
Wrong. "providing" is wrong. "the Holstein cow" does not agree with "them" (in the non-underlined part)

C. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
Wrong. "milking" is wrong.

D. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
Wrong. "the Holstein cow" does not agree with "them" (in the non-underlined part)

E. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce
Correct. Provided & milked modify Holstein cows correctly.

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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2015, 08:25
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souvik101990 wrote:
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, ...................... There must be a plural oblect ( Cows ) somewhere in the later part of the sentence...

Hence options (B) and (D) can be eliminated...

B. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
D. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces

Left with Options (A), (C) and (E) , out of those (C) can be rejected since it distorts the meaning of the sentence.

C. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing - Eliminated

Left with A and E -

A. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
E. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce

Now here comes the most interesting part of the sentence ...

Consider the part -

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool-----------> Holstein cows will produce / are producing ?? { I think this becomes crystal clear now }

Lets flip the fragments for convenience and coming to the answer without any ambiguity.

(E)Holstein cows will produce an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year for the farmer who takes care to keep them cool.
(A)Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year for the farmer who takes care to keep them cool.

I choose (E) since it produces a cause and effect relation and expresses the meaning of the sentence better...

Cause ( Keep the cows cool )----------------->(Effect) cows will produce an average of 2,275 gallons of milk.

Hence IMHO (E), will look forward for the official Explanation

PS : souvik101990 , will love to hear your comments on this one and your valuable inputs !!
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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2015, 03:03
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Expert's post
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Hobstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each year.

The cows "are producing" is not the correct tense, so I would start there. Eliminate 1 and 3. Since the pronoun in the part that isn't underlined is plural, eliminate 2 and 4.
1. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Hobstein cows are producing
2. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, the Hobstein cow produces
3. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Hobstein cows are producing
4. provided with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, the Hobstein cow produces
5. provided with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, Hobstein cows will produce
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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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22 May 2016, 17:29
Alex75PAris wrote:
A. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
-> The verb tense of "are producing" is incorrect
B. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
->The pronoun "them" has no reference since we read "the Holstein cow"
C. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
-> The verb tense of "are producing" is incorrect
D. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
->The pronoun "them" has no reference since we read "the Holstein cow"
E. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce

Is my analyse correct ?

Yes, in addition there are some other errors in some of the choices:
A. Because of the use of present participle modifiers "providing" and "milking" (used in active voice), it seems as though Holstein cows provide and milk.
B. Because of the use of present participle modifier "providing" (used in active voice), it seems as though Holstein cows provide. ("milked" is correct modifier - used in passive voice).
C. Because of the use of present participle modifier "milking" (used in active voice), it seems as though Holstein cows milk. ("provided" is correct modifier - used in passive voice).

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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2016, 00:07
1
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I was thoroughly confused with this one, but then ii remembered the trick "when faced with a dilemma where sentence and options appear to be confusing, RE-ARRANGE THE SENTENCE"
I re-arranged the sentence quickly and found out that E was the best. see for yourself

Provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year for the farmer who takes care to keep them cool. NOW IN A PRACTICAL VETERINARY CLASS AND IN GENERAL LIFE THIS SENTENCE WOULD SOUND AWKWARD AND ABRUPT. But grammatically, it is perfect. One might say, - That's it? I just have to keep the cow cool.

Also notice the word "THEM" and "EACH" in the non underlined part of the sentence, meaning that we will have to use plural "cows" then only it will logically refer to many cows.
Option B and Option D are out and
Thus we only have to rearrange Option A, C and E and rearranging tells us E is correct.

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

A. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
B. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
C. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
D. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
E. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce

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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2016, 10:54
there is a mistake in the answers, I politely ask moderators to check the question

Take 5th choice (which is claimed to be correct) and put it in a question

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, provided with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, Hobstein cows will produce an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each year.

...to keep them
- cool,
- provided with high-energy feed,
and

- milked them regularly,

See? last them is wrong, because "...to keep them /.../ milked them regularly" makes no sense.

should be "...to keep them /.../ milked regularly"

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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2016, 03:46
Dhairya275 wrote:
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Hobstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each year.

1. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Hobstein cows are producing
2. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, the Hobstein cow produces
3. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Hobstein cows are producing
4. provided with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, the Hobstein cow produces
5. provided with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, Hobstein cows will produce

Parallelism ?

Intent of the sentence:
For the farmers,
[who takes care to keep them cool,
{by providing high energy feed and milking them regularly,}]
HC are producing blah blah blah.

Per the sentence the mechanism of keeping the cow cool is feeding them high energy food and milking them regularly.

Error Analysis:

Sentence is written correctly except a punctuation error as a (,) precedes "and" while joining only two perfectly parallel elements that should be joined simply by an AND. Barring that no other error is present in the sentence.

A. Answer is not right due to punctuation error. But GMAT does not test any punctuation error so we can keep this answer alive.
B. Two errors.
Verb tense error: As milked them regularly becomes parallel to keeps them cool. But the two tenses are not the same.
Pronoun error: First them(plural) refers to cows in general but Hobstien cow becomes singular.
C. Provided with high energy feed modifies the cows and the next entity milking them regularly modifies the action "takes care". These two are incorrectly joined by and. Thus a parallelism error.
D. and E. provided with blah blah blah modifies Hobstien Cows and milked them regularly is action performed by the farmers. Thus unparallel entities joined by and, hence incorrect.

Conclusion: The best option is A.

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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2016, 04:22
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

A. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
B. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
C. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
D. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
E. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce

In all options, we have subject (Holstein cows/Holstein cow...) after comma. It indicates that we have a modifier, subject....construction

In A, modifier(providing .....and milking....) refers to somebody who is providing feed and milking regularly. This modifier does not refer to the cows. Eliminate

B and C are eliminated for the same reason

In D and E, modifier(provided feed ....and milked regularly.....) correctly refers to the cows.

Split between D and E is Holstein cow(single) and Holstein cows(plural)

The sentence ( the farmer who takes care to keep them cool) is talking about cows(them)

D is eliminated

So, E is correct
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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2016, 20:08
esledge
esledge wrote:
We continued this discussion via private message, but here's a summary for the benefit of others.

Thanks for wonderful break up , it gives me more insight on this.

The source of the notes is one of these discussion forums' notes and the right answer is E in fact . But I do not get it fully, why this is the answer?

I believe, the given sentence being a general statement, "are producing" progressive tense won't make sense , so E is correct.
I agree, the generality of this statement is key. By using the future tense, (E) makes a prediction or statement of expectations.

In that case, I would like to ask parallelism of A is correct or incorrect if we ignore tense issue ?
I think the parallelism of (A) is still incorrect, and punctuation has something to do with it. Here's (A), with color-coding of what might be parallel:

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

Note that "producing" cannot be parallel to the other -ing words!! "Providing" and "milking" act as modifiers, whereas "are producing" is a tensed verb. Also, if "producing" were in our list of three things, the "and" would be in front of the third item, not the second.

There's no -ing word before the first comma to parallel "providing" and "milking," so this is just a list of two things and there's no reason to have a comma in front of "and milking" at all.

Finally, even if we took the comma out, it doesn't make sense for "providing" and "milking" to be used as adverbial modifiers of "takes care to keep them cool." Providing food and milking them aren't ways to keep cows cool, unless there's something important about cow tending that I am unaware of (quite likely!). The structure of (A) could be OK, if we solved both the comma problem and the meaning problem:

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with adequate water and air-conditioning their shelters in the summer, Holstein cows are producing (better, as discussed above: will produce) an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

I have doubt in original sentence below
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

Can the above 'who takes care', 'providing' and 'milking' not modify farmer and thus creates a parallel list.

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For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2017, 04:44
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

(A) providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
(B) providing them with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, Holstein cow produces
(C) provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
(D) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cow produces
(E) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce

Could you help to explain why (A) is incorrect?

Present Progressive tense ("are producing") shows what is happening NOW. It is sometimes used interchangeably with the simple present tense, but present progressive indicates a continuation of the action or event.

How could (E) simple future ("will produce") be correct?

The simples form of future tense ("will produce") shows what will or what may happen at some point in the future.
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For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2017, 07:49
hazelnut wrote:
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

(A) providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
(B) providing them with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, Holstein cow produces
(C) provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
(D) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cow produces
(E) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce

Could you help to explain why (A) is incorrect?

Present Progressive tense ("are producing") shows what is happening now. It is sometimes used interchangeably with the simple present tense, but present progressive indicates a continuation of the action or event.

How could (E) simple future ("wil produce") be correct?

The simples form of future tense ("will produce") shows what will or what may happen at some point in the future.

Present Continuous can be used for gradual change but here there is no gradual change.

World energy demand is increasing at a rate of about 3% per year. (Collins)

"provided" and "milked" are participles and adds a meaning like "when"or "if"

The problem with the "providing" and "milking" is parallelism.

Possible solutions:

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool by providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, provides them with high-energy feed, and milks them regularly

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, provide them with high-energy feed, and milk them regularly

But these sentences are still problematic as "providing them with high-energy feed" and "milking them regularly" are actually not how you keep cows cool.

That's why the test maker chose to correct the sentence as in E.

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For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2017, 04:16
hazelnut wrote:
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

(A) providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
(B) providing them with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, Holstein cow produces
(C) provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
(D) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cow produces
(E) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce

Could you help to explain why (A) is incorrect?

Present Progressive tense ("are producing") shows what is happening NOW. It is sometimes used interchangeably with the simple present tense, but present progressive indicates a continuation of the action or event.

How could (E) simple future ("will produce") be correct?

The simples form of future tense ("will produce") shows what will or what may happen at some point in the future.

A is wrong because of wrong usage of the present participle "providing". A present participle modifier such as this one refers to the subject of the adjacent clause. However here "farmer" is NOT the subject, but the object of preposition ("For the farmer"). In option A , "providing" wrongly refers to "Holstein cow".

The use of "will" is alright with conditional structure to depict a future event with no uncertainty.

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For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2017, 08:45
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For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly': The comma before the 'and milking' confirms that it is a list of three items. If providing and milking were the only two items in a list, then the comma would not have been used, The use of the participles 'providing and milking' is not in consonance with the relative clause 'who takes care'. Add to this the typically Asian way of equating a present tense activity with a progress tense, you have solid reason for dumping A and B
Among C, D, and E, we can drop C and D for the same reasons. E remains
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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2017, 05:26
What I don't understand in the question is how "cool",which is an adjective,go parallel with past participle such as provided and milked.Please help

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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2017, 05:37
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techiesam wrote:
What I don't understand in the question is how "cool",which is an adjective,go parallel with past participle such as provided and milked.Please help

Hello techiesam,

Any word that modifies/describes a noun is called an adjective. Hence, cool is an adjective.

Since the verb-ed modifiers (past participle form) and the verb-ing modifiers (present participle form) also modify noun entities, they also function as adjectives.

This is the reason that cool is parallel to provided and milked.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h   [#permalink] 16 Jun 2017, 05:37

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