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# For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h

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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2017, 04:58
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

(A) providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
(B) providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
(C) provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
(D) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
(E) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce

For me, it was a straightforward E.
The Verb tense fit with the rest of the sentence. I'm unsure of how to explain it but I will try.

The Farmer who takes care of his cows will reap the benefits of a higher milk yield later <--- This is what the sentence was trying to say according to me, and E fit into this mould. Any thoughts?
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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2017, 03:13
egmat wrote:
Hi Akash,

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

Well, this question is certainly confusing and not written in the best possible manner. However let’s get into the logic of this sentence. The sentence is saying that for the farmers who takes care of the Holstein cows in certain ways, these cows produce an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year. Now here comes the tricky part. The ways in which the farmers takes care of these cows is that he takes care:
a. to keep them cool,
b. to keep them provided with high-energy feed, and
c. to keep them milked regularly.

1. From the original sentence, it is clear that the entities in the list are not parallel. While “cool” is an adjective, “providing…” and “milking…” are working as gerunds (nouns) in this sentence.
2. In case, if you could not figure out the correct parallel list to rectify it, look at the problem this way. “providing…” and “milking…” are the verb-ing modifiers preceded by comma. This means that they are modifying the preceding clause. However, it does not make sense to say that the farmer keeps the cows cool by providing them good feed and by milking them. So these modifiers do not fit here.
3. Also notice the inconsistent verb tenses. This sentence is providing general information about the Holstein cows. Using present continuous tense “are producing” does not make sense here.

POE:

a. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

b. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces: Incorrect.
1. The verb-ing modifier “providing…” does not make sense as in choice A.
2. The entities in the list are still not parallel.
3. The singular antecedent “the Holstein cow” does not agree in number with plural pronoun “them”.

c. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing: Incorrect.
1. Verb-ing modifier “milking…” does not make sense.
2. The entities in the list are still not parallel.
3. Use of “are producing” is incorrect.

d. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces: Incorrect. The singular antecedent “the Holstein cow” does not agree in number with plural pronoun “them”.

e. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce: Correct. The use of future “will produce” is correct because we have a causal relationship here. If the farmers take care of the cows in certain ways, then the cows produce certain amount of milk. The cause is written in the simple present. Hence, the effect can be written in either simple present tense or simple future tense.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

Hi egmat,
I completely agree that usage of "are producing" is incorrect in choice A, but can we not infer the listing in the below manner?

For the farmer
who takes care to keep them cool,
providing them with high-energy feed, -- who provides them with high-energy feed
and milking them regularly, --who milks them regularly

So, basically above is a list of modifier directly modifying the farmer.

Why is above thought process incorrect?
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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2017, 17:24
parker wrote:
The structure of this sentence took me a moment to digest, so I went with the simple pronoun split first ("cows" versus " cow").

The first "them" is not underlined, so we must be looking for a plural subject--lose B and D.

Examining the remaining choices shows us two more splits -- the progressive tense verb ("are producing" ) versus the future tense ("will produce"), and the type of modifier (-ing versus past participle).

Whenever I see a list of things, I tend to check for parallelism right away--the items in the list should be parallel OR the nonparallel items should be subordinate/have a clear-in-meaning reason for being structurally different from the rest of the items in the list. Parallelism is good not because of any intrinsic value, but because the clarity of a sentence's meaning is served by that parallel structure. If the meaning doesn't warrant parallelism, don't force the issue.

If we look at choice A, then "providing them.....regularly" would have to be considered a subordinate clause ("providing" is not parallel to "cool" because "providing" refers back to the farmer rather than the cows, so it cannot be part of a properly parallel list).

The structure of A would then seem to be--
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool,
(1) providing them with high-energy feed,
(2) and milking them regularly
Holstein cows....

The structure is still a little awkward because we have not one but TWO additional -ing modifiers that are subordinate before we reach the subject of the sentence (the cows). Are these two additional modifiers, separated by a comma (which would seem to suggest a list of 3+ items), of same "weight" and both less important than the fact that the cows are kept cool?

Whereas in E, the meaning is clear, and clearly supported by parallel structure--

For the farmer who takes care to keep them
(1) cool,
(2) provided with high-energy feed,*
(3) and milked regularly,*
Holstein cows....

Choice C is a mix of A and E (provided/milking) so can be considered neither a proper subordinate clause nor a proper parallel list-- lose C.

E has clean parallelism and avoids that unnecessary usage of the present progressive (are providing) in A that the above poster mentioned.

*note: remember that past participles can serve as adjectives!

the analysis of the sentence is awesome and u give me a lot of insights with regard to how we disscet a sentance
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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2017, 19:42
the pattern
main clause+comma+doing

is very popular on sc and this is tested frequently

doing here is adverbial of main clause , and is an aspect of the main action, not seperate from the main action. the subject of doing is the subject of main clause.

regarding the meaning relation between doing and main clause, doing shows
context
effect
reason
of the main clause.

the meaning relation between doing and the main clause in choice A is illogic. the typical error on sc.

A is wrong.
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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2017, 23:44
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

(A) providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
(B) providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
(C) provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
(D) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
(E) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce

Imo E

Cows are plural so we need plural verb .
B , D are out .

Provided and milking are not parallel so this takes out C .
We are left with A and E
There is no need to use present continuous tense .
This a condition sentence if the the farmer does the following then the cows will produce an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.
Thus E is the best answer.
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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2017, 17:22
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

(A) providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
(B) providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
(C) provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
(D) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
(E) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce

I arrived at this answer by using Parallelism structure and SV Agreement

A) who Provided them with high-energy feed, and who milking them regularly , Holstein cows are producing ( the structure sounds is not parallel)
B) SV Agreement Cow ..them
C)Same as A
D) Same as B SV Agreement error
E) Best Option, No SV Error and parallel structure is correct.

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, who provided with high-energy feed, and who milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce[/quote]

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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2017, 05:07
Top Contributor
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

This is a core exercise on modification and pronoun reference. The first interpretation is that provided with comfort and milked are referring to the cows rather than to the farmers, as we would hurry up to think

A. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing -- providing and milking refer to cows. This is wrong modification and meaning.

B. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces --1 pronoun- subject number error. 2. providing them refer to the cows --wrong modification as in A.
C. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing -- milking them refers to the cows --wrong modification
D. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces -- the singular cow does not tally with the plural 'them' in the non-underlined part.
E. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce -- correct
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For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2017, 09:42
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

(A) providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
- "holstein cows are producing" = incorrect. same explanation as "D".

(B) providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
- "providing" and "milked" need be //, because they're both verbs that tie the farmer to the cows. also, "cow" should be "cows" - hint: look at "them" in the passage

(C) provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
- "same as B"

(D) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
- "the Holstein cow produces" is incorrect. "For the farmer who..." sets up a HYPOTHETICAL. "the Holstein cow produces" infers there is an actual cow that produces something. also, "cow" should be "cows"

(E) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce
- correct as is

The key with the HYPOTHETICAL is to set the condition: "for the farmer who ... the cows WILL (do this)"

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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2017, 05:21
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, provided them with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, Holstein cows will produce an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

Interpretation:
The cows will produce something per year because (for) farmer did something (provided and milked)

Which farmer? The one who took care to keep them (cows) cool.
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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with h   [#permalink] 11 Dec 2017, 05:21

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