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For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites

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For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2006, 16:48
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For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are officially a minority in California, which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly there-quarters only a decade ago.

A. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago

B. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when it was nearly three-quarters

C. and that amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when they were nearly three-quarters

D. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters a decade ago

E. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from what it was a decade ago by nearly three-quarters
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19 Jul 2006, 17:19
D. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters a decade ago

Use of "which " generally introduces a modifier which is non-essential in nature. However here the modifier is essential to quantify the population change. Therefore the answer should not have which.

A & B are out.

C is out due to the use of "and that".

E is not correct as "down nearly three-quarters" implies a decrease of 75% not that the population was 75% a decade ago.

Therefore D.
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19 Jul 2006, 18:10
D is the best one here.

E has misplaced modifying phrase err. and seems wordy.
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19 Jul 2006, 20:47
Someone please explain what D means....can't really get it.
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19 Jul 2006, 21:34
zoom612 wrote:
Someone please explain what D means....can't really get it.

Agree with D.
The basic meaning of D is :
non-Hispanic Whites amounted for less than half of the total population and that their number now is less than nearly three-quarters a decade ago.

In E, 'ago by nearly three-quarters' tends to imply a decrease of 75%.
Instead the original meaning is that their population was 75% a decade ago.
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19 Jul 2006, 21:49
It's D.

If we place "which" after comma then it will more likely modify "California". Whereas the second clause should modify the "non-Hispanic Whites".

So A,B and C are out.
Between D and E, D is the best.
In E, "by nearly three-quarters" is changing the meaning.

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19 Jul 2006, 22:07
Clear D.

A/B - have a modifer problem
C - that is ambigous.
E - awkward
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19 Jul 2006, 22:50
Gauss wrote:
For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are officially a minority in California, which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly there-quarters only a decade ago.

A. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago

B. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when it was nearly three-quarters

C. and that amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when they were nearly three-quarters

D. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters a decade ago

E. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from what it was a decade ago by nearly three-quarters

D.. A,B and C have modifier problem.. E isn't grammatical..
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23 Jul 2006, 01:50
OA is D
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23 Jul 2006, 01:54
Late, but (D) uses the correct participle and ellipses.

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Re: For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2016, 10:09
Gauss wrote:
For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are officially a minority in California, which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago.

A. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago

B. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when it was nearly three-quarters

C. and that amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when they were nearly three-quarters

D. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters a decade ago

E. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from what it was a decade ago by nearly three-quarters

Hi Egmat,

Meaning analysis: the sentence says that the population of non hispanic whites is a little less than 50% population and this current population was 75% a decade back.

Error analysis:

Can you please clarify the below doubts:

1. Since relative pronouns can modify a far away noun. Isn't it possible for which to modify minority in the parent sentence.
2. What does the phrase down from nearly three quarters modifies.

Also, if you could do a complete analysis of other answer choices post clearing my doubts.
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For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2016, 09:34
nishatfarhat87 wrote:
For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are officially a minority in California, which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago.

A. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago

B. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when it was nearly three-quarters

C. and that amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when they were nearly three-quarters

D. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters a decade ago

E. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from what it was a decade ago by nearly three-quarters

Hi Egmat,

Meaning analysis: the sentence says that the population of non hispanic whites is a little less than 50% population and this current population was 75% a decade back.

Error analysis:

Can you please clarify the below doubts:

1. Since relative pronouns can modify a far away noun. Isn't it possible for which to modify minority in the parent sentence.
2. What does the phrase down from nearly three quarters modifies.

Also, if you could do a complete analysis of other answer choices post clearing my doubts.

Hi Nishat,

Thanks for posting your doubt here.

1. In Choice A and B, which cannot refer jump over in California to modify a minority because in California actually modifies the verb are. We can very well place this modifier right before the subject of the main clause, and the sentence will still give the intended meaning. Hence, the far away noun modification does not work in these two choices.

2. The phrase down from nearly three-quarters a decade ago, another prepositional phrase modifies the noun entity a little less than half the population of the state. It is the current population that is down.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2016, 08:51
egmat wrote:
nishatfarhat87 wrote:
For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are officially a minority in California, which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago.

A. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago

B. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when it was nearly three-quarters

C. and that amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when they were nearly three-quarters

D. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters a decade ago

E. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from what it was a decade ago by nearly three-quarters

Hi Egmat,

Meaning analysis: the sentence says that the population of non hispanic whites is a little less than 50% population and this current population was 75% a decade back.

Error analysis:

Can you please clarify the below doubts:

1. Since relative pronouns can modify a far away noun. Isn't it possible for which to modify minority in the parent sentence.
2. What does the phrase down from nearly three quarters modifies.

Also, if you could do a complete analysis of other answer choices post clearing my doubts.

Hi Nishat,

Thanks for posting your doubt here.

1. In Choice A and B, which cannot refer jump over in California to modify a minority because in California actually modifies the verb are. We can very well place this modifier right before the subject of the main clause, and the sentence will still give the intended meaning. Hence, the far away noun modification does not work in these two choices.

2. The phrase down from nearly three-quarters a decade ago, another prepositional phrase modifies the noun entity a little less than half the population of the state. It is the current population that is down.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

Please confirm if my analysis of other options is correct:
a and b. As you mentioned because A and B have which and it modifies California therefore it is incorrect. Also, in B the phrase down from a decade ago changes the meaning hence incorrect.
c. 2 errors. It removes the causality and places them as 2 diffrent clauses giving equal weightage. Also, similarly the phrase down from a decade ago changes the meaning
e. down from what it was a decade ago by nearly three-quarters. Here it has no antecedent. This is wordy and unclear.

Please confirm if I am right.
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Re: For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites [#permalink]

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03 May 2016, 07:56
nishatfarhat87 wrote:
For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are officially a minority in California, which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago.

A. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago

B. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when it was nearly three-quarters

C. and that amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when they were nearly three-quarters

D. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters a decade ago

E. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from what it was a decade ago by nearly three-quarters

Please confirm if my analysis of other options is correct:
a and b. As you mentioned because A and B have which and it modifies California therefore it is incorrect. Also, in B the phrase down from a decade ago changes the meaning hence incorrect.
c. 2 errors. It removes the causality and places them as 2 diffrent clauses giving equal weightage. Also, similarly the phrase down from a decade ago changes the meaning
e. down from what it was a decade ago by nearly three-quarters. Here it has no antecedent. This is wordy and unclear.

Please confirm if I am right.

Hi Nishat,

Yes, for most part, your analysis is correct. In choice C, usage of that is incorrect as that cannot refer to a clause. So I would not say that this choice removes the causality. I would say that this choice presents the causality in an ungrammatical manner.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2016, 03:07
egmat wrote:
nishatfarhat87 wrote:
For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are officially a minority in California, which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago.

A. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago

B. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when it was nearly three-quarters

C. and that amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when they were nearly three-quarters

D. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters a decade ago

E. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from what it was a decade ago by nearly three-quarters

Hi Egmat,

Meaning analysis: the sentence says that the population of non hispanic whites is a little less than 50% population and this current population was 75% a decade back.

Error analysis:

Can you please clarify the below doubts:

1. Since relative pronouns can modify a far away noun. Isn't it possible for which to modify minority in the parent sentence.
2. What does the phrase down from nearly three quarters modifies.

Also, if you could do a complete analysis of other answer choices post clearing my doubts.

Hi Nishat,

Thanks for posting your doubt here.

1. In Choice A and B, which cannot refer jump over in California to modify a minority because in California actually modifies the verb are. We can very well place this modifier right before the subject of the main clause, and the sentence will still give the intended meaning. Hence, the far away noun modification does not work in these two choices.

2. The phrase down from nearly three-quarters a decade ago, another prepositional phrase modifies the noun entity a little less than half the population of the state. It is the current population that is down.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

How come is "down from nearly three-quarters...." a prepositional phrase? It seems like an adjective to me but I don't understand what does it modify then? Please clarify.

Thanks .
Re: For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites   [#permalink] 06 Jun 2016, 03:07
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