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For years, doctors have been trying to find a cause for Chronic Fatigu

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For years, doctors have been trying to find a cause for Chronic Fatigu  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2017, 22:29
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For years, doctors have been trying to find a cause for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). The devastating illness tends to strike healthy and fairly active individuals with no other history of medical problems or conditions. Recently, doctors in California have found that over 70% of those individuals diagnosed with CFS are infected with a rare enterovirus that is almost never found in the healthy population. As a result, they believe that this enterovirus is the primary cause of many cases of CFS.

Which if the following is an assumption upon which the doctors’ theory depends?

A) There are not other viruses that may cause Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.
B) The rare enterovirus was present at the onset of these patients’ Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.
C) The laboratory technicians analyzing the presence of the enterovirus in the patients’ blood and tissues did not make some mistakes in their analysis.
D) The severity of the symptoms among the patients diagnosed with CFS does not vary widely.
E) The rare enterovirus is commonly seen in patients that are severely ill.
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Re: For years, doctors have been trying to find a cause for Chronic Fatigu  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2017, 02:05
hello experts could you please explain why a is wrong. IMO a rules out the possibility of an alt cause, i.e. any other virus, leading to the effect, i.e. getting infected by CFS.
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Re: For years, doctors have been trying to find a cause for Chronic Fatigu  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2017, 06:31
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zaidq1 wrote:
hello experts could you please explain why a is wrong. IMO a rules out the possibility of an alt cause, i.e. any other virus, leading to the effect, i.e. getting infected by CFS.



IMO :conclusion says that : enterovirus is the primary cause of many cases of CFS. not the only cause ...there may be other viruses

Premise itself says that : over 70% (((((not all))))of those individuals diagnosed with CFS are infected with a rare enterovirus that is almost never found in the healthy population

Hope it helps :)
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Re: For years, doctors have been trying to find a cause for Chronic Fatigu  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2017, 06:33
Option B. Why option A is wrong - argument says enterovirus is a primary cause of cfs. However, that doesn't mean other virus can't be the cause of cfs. There can be other secondary viruses too. Not sure. Hence, can't be the assumption.

What is the OA?

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Re: For years, doctors have been trying to find a cause for Chronic Fatigu  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2017, 05:28
None of the options seem convincing.
I was hoping to see something that might say something like..."the virus is produced as a result of the disease or genetic mutation due to illness" or else "the hormonal imbalance has been observed in patients, two years prior to the start of CFS"

Something that on negation disproves that the virus is the primary cause!
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Re: For years, doctors have been trying to find a cause for Chronic Fatigu  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2017, 05:43
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haardiksharma wrote:
For years, doctors have been trying to find a cause for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). The devastating illness tends to strike healthy and fairly active individuals with no other history of medical problems or conditions. Recently, doctors in California have found that over 70% of those individuals diagnosed with CFS are infected with a rare enterovirus that is almost never found in the healthy population. As a result, they believe that this enterovirus is the primary cause of many cases of CFS.

Which if the following is an assumption upon which the doctors’ theory depends?

A) There are not other viruses that may cause Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.
B) The rare enterovirus was present at the onset of these patients’ Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.
C) The laboratory technicians analyzing the presence of the enterovirus in the patients’ blood and tissues did not make some mistakes in their analysis.
D) The severity of the symptoms among the patients diagnosed with CFS does not vary widely.
E) The rare enterovirus is commonly seen in patients that are severely ill.


CFS cause unknown. CFS strikes healthy and active individuals.
RECENTLY, Docs have found over 70% of these individuals to be infected with a rare enterovirus, never found in healthy people.
Doc's Conclusion - Enterovirus is primary cause of CFS

A - The argument does specifically state that enterovirus is the primary cause, so this is tempting, but it's not really an assumption.
B - For enterovirus to cause CFS, it should have been in the patient's body before -> Looks promising. KEEP
C - This will be a serious lapse in testing procedures, but it cannot be an assumption. OUT.
D - Symptoms aren't under question. OUT.
E - We are just talking about patients down with CFS. OUT.

Between A and B, B wins and is the correct answer.
For the doctors to assume that enterovirus to cause CFS, they would have to assume that enterovirus is there in a patient's body prior to them developing symptoms of CFS.
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Re: For years, doctors have been trying to find a cause for Chronic Fatigu  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2017, 03:49
I chose the answer C for this.

I thought option B was wrong (The rare enterovirus was present at the onset of these patients’ Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.) because it seems irrelevant to be an assumption to the doctors theory.

Can someone please explain why B is the right answer.
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Re: For years, doctors have been trying to find a cause for Chronic Fatigu  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2017, 04:03
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pra1785 wrote:
I chose the answer C for this.

I thought option B was wrong (The rare enterovirus was present at the onset of these patients’ Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.) because it seems irrelevant to be an assumption to the doctors theory.

Can someone please explain why B is the right answer.


Recently, doctors in California have found that over 70% of those individuals diagnosed with CFS are infected with a rare enterovirus that is almost never found in the healthy population. As a result, they believe that this enterovirus is the primary cause of many cases of CFS.


Premise - RARE enterovirus never found in the healthy population ; 70% of people with CFS are infected with enterovirus.
Assumption - ????
Conclusion - Doctors believe enterovirus is the PRIMARY cause of CFS

C doesn't not help us fill the gap in logic between the premise i.e. 70% individuals diagnosed with CFS are infected with enterovirus which means enterovirus causes CFS.

How can enterovirus be the cause of CFS?
ONLY if it was already present in the body, and the patient came down with CFS because of the enterovirus.

Hope this helps. Let me know if you have doubts.
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Re: For years, doctors have been trying to find a cause for Chronic Fatigu  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2017, 09:02
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pra1785 wrote:
I chose the answer C for this.

I thought option B was wrong (The rare enterovirus was present at the onset of these patients’ Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.) because it seems irrelevant to be an assumption to the doctors theory.

Can someone please explain why B is the right answer.


Hi pra1785

If you have narrowed down to option "B" & "C" then you can use the negation technique to arrive at the correct answer.
The conclusion of the argument is "enterovirus is the primary cause of many cases of CFS".

Negating option B we get: The rare enterovirus was NOT present at the onset of these patients’ Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.
if the virus was not present then it cannot be the cause of CFS. Clearly our conclusion is shattered. Hence option B is the correct answer.

Negating option C we get: The laboratory technicians analyzing the presence of the enterovirus in the patients’ blood and tissues did not make made some mistakes in their analysis.
the tehcnicians made some mistake in analysis. so let's assume that instead of virus being 95% responsible for illness is now found to be 60% responsible for illness and rest 40% could be some other factor. But this finding does not disapprove the fact that the virus is not the primary cause of illness. Hence this option has no impact on the conclusion.
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Re: For years, doctors have been trying to find a cause for Chronic Fatigu  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2017, 10:39
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For years, doctors have been trying to find a cause for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). The devastating illness tends to strike healthy and fairly active individuals with no other history of medical problems or conditions. Recently, doctors in California have found that over 70% of those individuals diagnosed with CFS are infected with a rare enterovirus that is almost never found in the healthy population. As a result, they believe that this enterovirus is the primary cause of many cases of CFS.

Which if the following is an assumption upon which the doctors’ theory depends?

A) There are not other viruses that may cause Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. -This is opposite to what the author states. The author says that enterovirus is the PRIMARY cause and not that enterovirus is the ONLY cause. INCORRECT
B) The rare enterovirus was present at the onset of these patients’ Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. -CORRECT. If the virus is not present from the starting of CFS then we can't say that it is the cause of the illness.
C) The laboratory technicians analyzing the presence of the enterovirus in the patients’ blood and tissues did not make some mistakes in their analysis. -Laboratary technicians are out of scope
D) The severity of the symptoms among the patients diagnosed with CFS does not vary widely. -Ok let the symptoms not vary widely. This is just a stated fact.
E) The rare enterovirus is commonly seen in patients that are severely ill. -Ok. The argument doesn't say anything about the visibility of the enterovirus. It is just a fact that is out of scope of the argument at hand.

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For years, doctors have been trying to find a cause for Chronic Fatigu  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2018, 23:28

VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:



In this Assumption question, the original argument contains a classic logical fallacy - correlation versus causation. Just because one thing is correlated with another, it does not mean that one is causing the other. Here evidence is given that 70% of CFS patients tested positive for a rare enterovirus, so indeed a clear correlation exists between the virus and CFS. However, the scientists’ conclusion is that the rare enterovirus must be causing many of the cases of CFS and there is not enough evidence given for that. Clearly the following scenario is possible: people first get sick with CFS and the cause is not the rare enterovirus but something else; their immune systems are decimated by CFS and they are then infected by a this rare enterovirus because of their CFS and not vice versa. If some information was given that linked the virus to the onset of the disease, this particular flaw would be corrected and the argument would be better (but still have other problems). Answer choice (B) does that perfectly by eliminating the scenario described above and strengthening the argument.

For (A) it is not important to know if other viruses do or do not cause CFS. The scope of the conclusion is just that the enterovirus is the cause of many cases, so the argument is not affected by whether some cases may or may not be caused by other viruses. For (C), it would clearly matter if the technicians made mistakes on a large portion of the data but the word “some” here is problematic. As “some” can mean anything from 1 to all, you are not sure whether this is really a necessary assumption. If the technicians made only one mistake in all the data analysis, then that would clearly not be a problem in this argument. (D) is perhaps the easiest to eliminate as the severity of symptoms does not relate to the problem of correlation/causation discussed above. For (E), it is not important what role the rare enterovirus might play in other severe illnesses (this is outside the scope of this argument). However, if anything, (E) would weaken this argument as it might suggest the scenario described above: that the enterovirus is an opportunistic virus that appears after people get very sick and thus might not be the cause of CFS but rather a result. The correct answer is (B).
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Re: For years, doctors have been trying to find a cause for Chronic Fatigu  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2018, 12:00
I do not think this question is a god question to practice.
Experts cannot answer the post because of terms and conditions. The post is only for premium veritas account.
A, B, C are all good to be the right answer. In fact, they are all common and important patterns.
In this question, ones may accept that only B is correct.
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Re: For years, doctors have been trying to find a cause for Chronic Fatigu &nbs [#permalink] 01 Mar 2018, 12:00
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For years, doctors have been trying to find a cause for Chronic Fatigu

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