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# Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio

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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2014, 23:54
egmat wrote:
Hope this helps!
Deepak

Hi Deepak,

Would you be able to alter the question and add OA to it? It would also help if you correct the difficulty level.

Thanks!
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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2014, 04:24
I got the same doubt. In option A "butchered... " is more kind of a modifier and not a working verb but where as "was subsequently..." is a proper working verb.
So is this parallel.. some GURU please shed light on it.

jrashish wrote:
sudeep wrote:
Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have been recovered by paleontologists.

A. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have

B. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then was subsequently butchered by hominids has

C. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago, which was subsequently butchered by hominids, has

D. having been beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and subsequently butchered by hominids, have

E. having beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then subsequently were butchered by hominids have

In this Question, how is "beached" parallel to "was butchered"

Also "Whale beached on an African shore" is in active voice whereas ""Whale was subsequently butchered by hominids" is in passive voice.

So how is this construction correct?

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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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01 May 2015, 04:56
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Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have been recovered by paleontologists.

A. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have

B. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then was subsequently butchered by hominids has

C. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago, which was subsequently butchered by hominids, has

D. having been beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and subsequently butchered by hominids, have

E. having beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then subsequently were butchered by hominids have
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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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01 May 2015, 11:15
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souvik101990 wrote:
Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have been recovered by paleontologists.

A. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have
I believe A is the correct choice.
a whale that
beached and was butchered
fossils - plural, thus have is needed.

B. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then was subsequently butchered by hominids has
singular verb has" for plural "fossils" and then - suspicious

C. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago, which was subsequently butchered by hominids, has
pronoun which & has

D. having been beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and subsequently butchered by hominids, have
it is not a continuous action that happened
having been extends to butchered - this is incorrect.

E. having beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then subsequently were butchered by hominids have
were - plural verb for singular "a whale"

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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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01 May 2015, 23:15
Fossils of a whale that [beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids] have been recovered by paleontologists.
Fossils is plural & the correct verb is 'have'

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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2016, 01:31
Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have been recovered by paleontologists.

A. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have

B. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then was subsequently butchered by hominids has

C. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago, which was subsequently butchered by hominids, has

D. having been beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and subsequently butchered by hominids, have

E. having beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then subsequently were butchered by hominids have
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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2016, 01:35
Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have been recovered by paleontologists.

Fossils can beach but cant be butchered. Just keep this in mind and you will know that A is the correct answer . Also fossils needs a plular verb have.

A. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have

B. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then was subsequently butchered by hominids has

C. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago, which was subsequently butchered by hominids, has

D. having been beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and subsequently butchered by hominids, have

E. having beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then subsequently were butchered by hominids have

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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2016, 00:28
Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have been recovered by palaeontologists.

The subject of the sentence is "FOSSILS" which is plural, so the use of a corresponding plural verb "have" is must.

A. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have
CORRECT:- correct verb "have" and correct simple past tense "beached". "that" correctly refers to the "fossils of the whale"

B. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then was subsequently butchered by hominids has
WRONG:- has is incorrect tense

C. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago, which was subsequently butchered by hominids, has
WRONG:- has is incorrect tense. placement of "which" is incorrect. Here "which" is modifying million years instead of "whale"

D. having been beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and subsequently butchered by hominids, have
WRONG:- "ing+been+past" is incorrect . Simple past is sufficient

E. having beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then subsequently were butchered by hominids have
WRONG:- "ing+past" is incorrect . Simple past is sufficient.
Meaning change :- The fossils were not butchered. The whale was butchered and then the whale become a fossil after thousands of years.

sudeep wrote:
Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have been recovered by paleontologists.

A. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have

B. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then was subsequently butchered by hominids has

C. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago, which was subsequently butchered by hominids, has

D. having been beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and subsequently butchered by hominids, have

E. having beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then subsequently were butchered by hominids have

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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2016, 00:30
Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have been recovered by palaeontologists.

The subject of the sentence is "FOSSILS" which is plural, so the use of a corresponding plural verb "have" is must.

A. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have
CORRECT:- correct verb "have" and correct simple past tense "beached". "that" correctly refers to the "fossils of the whale"

B. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then was subsequently butchered by hominids has
WRONG:- has is incorrect tense

C. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago, which was subsequently butchered by hominids, has
WRONG:- has is incorrect tense. placement of "which" is incorrect. Here "which" is modifying million years instead of "whale"

D. having been beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and subsequently butchered by hominids, have
WRONG:- "ing+been+past" is incorrect . Simple past is sufficient

E. having beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then subsequently were butchered by hominids have
WRONG:- "ing+past" is incorrect . Simple past is sufficient.
Meaning change :- The fossils were not butchered. The whale was butchered and then the whale become a fossil after thousands of years.

Lolaergasheva wrote:
Fossils of a whale <<that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have>> been recovered by paleontologists.

A. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have

B. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then was subsequently butchered by hominids has

C. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago, which was subsequently butchered by hominids, has

D. having been beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and subsequently butchered by hominids, have

E. having beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then subsequently were butchered by hominids have

This example was posted earlier, the oa is A
Can somebody explain why usage of <<was>> is correct?

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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2016, 04:45
bikramnitj wrote:
Hi,
my doubt is regarding "Fossils of a whale that beached". Isnt that referring to Fossils here as "of a whale" is in prepositional phrase?? Please help, thanks

Hi Bikram,

No, "Fossils" doesn't refer to "beached" or "Butchered" verb in this sentence. This is because the "That" relative clause refers to Whale only("That" relative pronoun is singular and lies adjacent to "whale" modifying it, if "Fossils" were modified, the relative clause would start with "Those" as the Subject "Fossils" is plural).

Hope this helps!!!
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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2017, 10:16
mikemcgarry chetan2u Can you please help me with my doubt of why the answer is :A: because FOSSILS are plural and in option A it is clearly violating the S-V Agreement with :WAS:

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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2017, 14:01
siddyj94 wrote:
mikemcgarry chetan2u Can you please help me with my doubt of why the answer is :A: because FOSSILS are plural and in option A it is clearly violating the S-V Agreement with :WAS:

Dear siddyj94,

I'm happy to respond.

With all due respect, my friend, I think you have gotten lost in the architecture of the sentence, because you have paired a noun with a verb even though they are at different levels of the sentence. Here's (A), with the big noun=modifying clause in green.

Fossils = noun, plural, main subject
of a whale = prepositional phrase, modifies "fossils"
that = relative pronoun, begins a large noun-modifying relative clause, targeting the singular noun "whale"
Because the target noun, "whale," is singular, the relative pronoun "that" is singular, and all the verbs in the relative clause referring to it have to be singular
//beached on an African shore more than a million years ago = first branch of parallelism, singular verb inside clause
and
//was subsequently butchered by hominids
= second branch of parallelism, singular verb inside clause
have been recovered = main verb of sentence, with plural subject "fossils"
by paleontologists.

You see, my friend, the GMAT loves to nest structures inside each other, and it can put parallelism at any level. It's very important, with each and every verb, to know where it is situated in the architecture of the sentence overall. See:
Nested Grammatical Structures on the GMAT Sentence Correction

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2017, 17:33
siddyj94 wrote:
mikemcgarry chetan2u Can you please help me with my doubt of why the answer is :A: because FOSSILS are plural and in option A it is clearly violating the S-V Agreement with :WAS:

Hi...
My dear esteemed friend Mike has already given a great insight into the SV relation above..

just check what is THAT modifying and the VERB will depend on WHAT 'that' modifies...
here it is clearly the whale that was beached and not the fossils
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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio   [#permalink] 28 Oct 2017, 17:33

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