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# Found only in the Western Hemisphere

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GMAT Club Verbal Expert
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GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2017, 11:47
warriorguy wrote:
Hello GMATNinja,

I have a query regarding the absolute phrase at the end of option B.

(B) Found only in the Western Hemisphere, hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate, their range extending from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego, from sealevel rain forests to the edges of Andean snowfields and ice fields at altitudes of 15,000 feet.

their range extending from X to Y, from A to B of P and Q.

Since this is officially correct answer, I am guessing its grammatical to omit any connector between the two 'from'? e.g. from X to Y and from A to B.

Can you please throw some light on this sort of construction?

warriorguy, are you cool with gmatexam439 's excellent explanation above? Let me know if that doesn't answer your question, and I'll give it a shot.
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2017, 12:06
1
KUDOS
GMATNinja wrote:
warriorguy wrote:
Hello GMATNinja,

I have a query regarding the absolute phrase at the end of option B.

(B) Found only in the Western Hemisphere, hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate, their range extending from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego, from sealevel rain forests to the edges of Andean snowfields and ice fields at altitudes of 15,000 feet.

their range extending from X to Y, from A to B of P and Q.

Since this is officially correct answer, I am guessing its grammatical to omit any connector between the two 'from'? e.g. from X to Y and from A to B.

Can you please throw some light on this sort of construction?

warriorguy, are you cool with gmatexam439 's excellent explanation above? Let me know if that doesn't answer your question, and I'll give it a shot.

Wow! Finally I got an appreciation from GMATNinja.
It feels like I am in heaven, trying different cuisines.

Thank you Charles, it really motivated me a lot and I hope to try to answer all the questions directed at you and earn more motivation than before.

Regards
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6. Challange OG RC
7. GMAT Prep Challenge RC

GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 1669
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: 340 Q170 V170
Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2017, 13:48
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Expert's post
Lol, glad that I could help keep you inspired! And your definition of heaven is spot-on: I'm pretty sure that heaven is a gigantic food hall, serving cuisine from 170 countries.

I also love that you're following abhimahna's path: he spent a lot of time beating me to the requests for expert replies, especially in the SC forum. That was pretty cool: it's a whole lot more valuable for you guys to figure out the answers than for me to do it. Plus, I may or may not be lazy.

Have fun studying!
_________________

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Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
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SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
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Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for \$29.99 | Time management on verbal

VP
Joined: 28 Mar 2017
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Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Technology
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2017, 11:28
1
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GMATNinja wrote:
Lol, glad that I could help keep you inspired! And your definition of heaven is spot-on: I'm pretty sure that heaven is a gigantic food hall, serving cuisine from 170 countries.

I also love that you're following abhimahna's path: he spent a lot of time beating me to the requests for expert replies, especially in the SC forum. That was pretty cool: it's a whole lot more valuable for you guys to figure out the answers than for me to do it. Plus, I may or may not be lazy.

Have fun studying!

Hahaha, I would love to spend my life in such a hall

So you got yourself another challenger sensei

Regards
_________________

Kudos if my post helps!

Long And A Fruitful Journey - V21 to V41; If I can, So Can You!!

My study resources:
1. Useful Formulae, Concepts and Tricks-Quant
2. e-GMAT's ALL SC Compilation
3. LSAT RC compilation
4. Actual LSAT CR collection by Broal
5. QOTD RC (Carcass)
6. Challange OG RC
7. GMAT Prep Challenge RC

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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2017, 04:55
Hello GMATNinja and Other Experts,

Even if Option E had "extends" as a verb in the parallelism list, the sentence would still not make sense

It would mean Hummingbird does the following three things
1. Found in...
2. survives....
3. extends...

#1 and #2 are ok for meaning but #3 is describing something about Hummingbirds. Hence Grammatically #3 might make sense, but logically it doesn't make any sense. Is my understanding correct? Please let me know your thoughts
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2017, 10:56
In the correct answer B, Would anyone please explain why not "their range is extending" instead of "their range extending"?
Manager
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2017, 11:29
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kimhoon27 wrote:
In the correct answer B, Would anyone please explain why not "their range is extending" instead of "their range extending"?

"their range is extending" will make the phrase following the main clause "hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate" a clause, and unfortunately you cannot join two clause with a comma.

Cheers !!
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2017, 11:45
godot53 wrote:
kimhoon27 wrote:
In the correct answer B, Would anyone please explain why not "their range is extending" instead of "their range extending"?

"their range is extending" will make the phrase following the main clause "hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate" a clause, and unfortunately you cannot join two clause with a comma.

Cheers !!

Thank you!
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Joined: 08 Jan 2017
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Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2017, 04:12
I have a doubt in option B, "their range" does not have a verb . I mean "Hummingbirds" have their subject as "survive" but their range does not have
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2017, 11:12
arvind910619 wrote:
amatya wrote:
OG16 SC126
Found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, hummingbirds’ range extends from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego, from sealevel rain forests to the edges of Andean snowfields and ice fields at altitudes of 15,000 feet.

(A) Found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, hummingbirds’ range extends
(B) Found only in the Western Hemisphere, hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate, their range extending
(C) Hummingbirds, found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, with their range extending
(D) Hummingbirds, found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, their range extends
(E) Hummingbirds are found only in the Western Hemisphere, survive through extremes of climate, and their range extends

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A the clause before should modify Hummingbirds not their range
B Correct the structure is changes and we have proper meaning
C The main clause does not have the verb and preposition with is incorrectly used
D Again the main clause does not have verb so this option is a fragment .
E this choice was difficult to eliminate , here the meaning is changed as it just gives facts about the humming birds

I would like Experts to please explain E in more detail .

Regards,
Arvind

IMO

It cannot be E because [ survive] cannot modify the preceding sentence ; [ surviving] could perform this function but then if that was there. We will also have to make sure that sentence has a verb as well.
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2017, 18:31
pikolo2510 wrote:
Hello GMATNinja and Other Experts,

Even if Option E had "extends" as a verb in the parallelism list, the sentence would still not make sense

It would mean Hummingbird does the following three things
1. Found in...
2. survives....
3. extends...

#1 and #2 are ok for meaning but #3 is describing something about Hummingbirds. Hence Grammatically #3 might make sense, but logically it doesn't make any sense. Is my understanding correct? Please let me know your thoughts

Sorry, pikolo2510, I'm supremely late to the party on this. But yes, you're exactly right! As written, the problem with (E) is the parallelism: "Hummingbirds are found only in the Western Hemisphere, survive through extremes of climate, and their range extends..." That absolutely doesn't work, because we have a verb, another verb, and then a clause -- not just a verb -- in that last spot, after the "and."

And even if you remove "their range" from (E), you'd still have a problem, exactly as you indicated: "Hummingbirds are found only in the Western Hemisphere, survive through extremes of climate, and extends..." That's still wrong, partly because "hummingbirds extends" has a subject-verb agreement problem, but also because the hummingbirds themselves don't actually "extend".

Animesh Srivastava wrote:
I have a doubt in option B, "their range" does not have a verb . I mean "Hummingbirds" have their subject as "survive" but their range does not have

A lot of (proverbial) ink has been spilled in the SC forums on this sort of structure. The main (independent) clause in (B) is "hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate", right? The thing that follows should NOT be another independent clause, though! That would be wrong: you can't join two independent clauses with only a comma.

And in (B), the thing after the comma isn't a clause at all: it's actually a modifier, specifically a noun phrase (with its own modifiers attached) that modifies the previous phrase. So the phrase "... their range extending from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego..." is just a noun phrase that modifies the main clause, "hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate." No problem there.

For broadly similar examples, check out these two QOTDs:

I hope this helps!
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Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for \$29.99 | Time management on verbal

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Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2018, 09:29
Is it possible to eliminate answer choices based on parallelism in the opening modifier? Answer choices A, C and D all contain the phrase, "Found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate,...". Are these two pieces parallel even though one is a past participle and one is a present participle?
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2018, 06:59
egmat VeritasPrepKarishma GMATNinja

What shall be optimum way to write (E) correctly as per GMAC?
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere [#permalink]

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04 May 2018, 06:29
amatya wrote:
OG16 SC126
Found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, hummingbirds’ range extends from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego, from sealevel rain forests to the edges of Andean snowfields and ice fields at altitudes of 15,000 feet.

(A) Found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, hummingbirds’ range extends
(B) Found only in the Western Hemisphere, hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate, their range extending
(C) Hummingbirds, found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, with their range extending
(D) Hummingbirds, found only in the Western Hemisphere and surviving through extremes of climate, their range extends
(E) Hummingbirds are found only in the Western Hemisphere, survive through extremes of climate, and their range extends

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I came down to B & D , D Eliminated as I couldn't find a proper verb , also "and" between hemisphere and surviving destroying the parallel structure , and B the verb+ing form is correctly modifying the actions of humming bird.
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Re: Found only in the Western Hemisphere   [#permalink] 04 May 2018, 06:29

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