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Found throughout Central and South America, sloths hang from

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Senior Manager
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Joined: 29 Jun 2017
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Kudos [?]: 80 [0], given: 71

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Found throughout Central and South America, sloths hang from [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2017, 09:10
ANSWER IS D

(A) sloths hang from trees by long rubbery limbs and sleep fifteen hours a day, moving infrequently enough
(B) sloths hang from trees by long rubbery limbs, they sleep fifteen hours a day, and with such infrequent movements
(C) sloths use their long rubbery limbs to hang from trees, sleep fifteen hours a day, and move so infrequently
(D) the sloth hangs from trees by its long rubbery limbs, sleeping fifteen hours a day and moving so infrequently => perfectly parallel ,ing modifiers.
(E) the sloth hangs from trees by its long rubbery limbs, sleeps fifteen hours a day, and it moves infrequently enough
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Found throughout Central and South America, sloths hang from [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2017, 06:21
noboru wrote:
Found throughout Central and South America, sloths hang from trees by long rubbery limbs and sleep fifteen hours a day, moving infrequently enough that two species of algae grow on its coat and between its toes.

(A) sloths hang from trees by long rubbery limbs and sleep fifteen hours a day, moving infrequently enough
(B) sloths hang from trees by long rubbery limbs, they sleep fifteen hours a day, and with such infrequent movements
(C) sloths use their long rubbery limbs to hang from trees, sleep fifteen hours a day, and move so infrequently
(D) the sloth hangs from trees by its long rubbery limbs, sleeping fifteen hours a day and moving so infrequently
(E) the sloth hangs from trees by its long rubbery limbs, sleeps fifteen hours a day, and it moves infrequently enough


Scanning through the options we can see 3:2 split. Now to decide "sloths" VS "the sloth" look at the non-underlined portion, which shows the usage of the pronoun its. Therefore, eliminate choices A, B, and C.

(D) the sloth hangs from trees by its long rubbery limbs, sleeping fifteen hours a day and moving so infrequently
The VERB-ing modifier is used correctly here, it describes the preceding clause.

(E) the sloth hangs from trees by its long rubbery limbs, sleeps fifteen hours a day, and it moves infrequently enough
the presence of the AND marker leads us to think parallelism. The three verbs are not parallel. "and it" distorts the parallelism. Also, as per the intended meaning of the sentence the three actions are not parallel. Instead its only a one action and the rest are just describing that one action.
ALso, the non underlined portion shows the usage of that, so we need a "so" before that which completes the so.. that structure and also implies the intended meaning.

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Re: Found throughout Central and South America, sloths hang from [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2017, 15:10
noboru wrote:
Found throughout Central and South America, sloths hang from trees by long rubbery limbs and sleep fifteen hours a day, moving infrequently enough that two species of algae grow on its coat and between its toes.

(A) sloths hang from trees by long rubbery limbs and sleep fifteen hours a day, moving infrequently enough
(B) sloths hang from trees by long rubbery limbs, they sleep fifteen hours a day, and with such infrequent movements
(C) sloths use their long rubbery limbs to hang from trees, sleep fifteen hours a day, and move so infrequently
(D) the sloth hangs from trees by its long rubbery limbs, sleeping fifteen hours a day and moving so infrequently
(E) the sloth hangs from trees by its long rubbery limbs, sleeps fifteen hours a day, and it moves infrequently enough


D.
The non underlined part mentions its so use of plural sloths is incorrect. Hence, A,B and C can be eliminated.
E - This says that it moves frequently enough that two species of algae grow. Here, we are focusing on the outcome; this implies that they moved infrequently so that the algae grow , however this is not the intended meaning.
D gets this correct by using the idiom "so X that". Sleeping and moving as a modifiers after comma describe what the sloth does while hanging from trees.

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 8

Re: Found throughout Central and South America, sloths hang from   [#permalink] 25 Nov 2017, 15:10

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