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Four patients taking the sleeping pill SleepSoon,manufactured by DrugR

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Four patients taking the sleeping pill SleepSoon,manufactured by DrugR  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2018, 00:15
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Four patients taking the sleeping pill SleepSoon, manufactured by DrugRite, died during a six-month period, yet the government health agency of Country X decided not to remove SleepSoon from the market. Many industry observers were surprised, since the death of so many patient staking a particular drug will often lead to the drug’s being removed from the market.

Which of the following, if true, provides the best indication that the government health agency’s decision was logically well supported?


A. In the previous two-year period, twelve patients taking SleepSoon died, while only two patients taking other sleeping pills died during the same time period.

B. The deaths of the patients taking SleepSoon were found to be unrelated to the sleeping pill SleepSoon.

C. The government health agency of Country X issued new guidelines for drug companies to help standardize the safety criteria that a drug must meet prior to being placed on the market.

D. Consumer groups lobbied for legislation requiring drugs to meet stricter safety standards before being placed on the market.

E. Many DrugRite employees left the company for jobs at other drug manufacturers

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Re: Four patients taking the sleeping pill SleepSoon,manufactured by DrugR  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2018, 00:36
+B
What if those four patients were diagnosed with cancer and were expectedly going to die, regardless of taking pills?

That's what B says.

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Re: Four patients taking the sleeping pill SleepSoon,manufactured by DrugR  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2018, 02:47
Bunuel wrote:
Four patients taking the sleeping pill SleepSoon, manufactured by DrugRite, died during a six-month period, yet the government health agency of Country X decided not to remove SleepSoon from the market. Many industry observers were surprised, since the death of so many patient staking a particular drug will often lead to the drug’s being removed from the market.

Which of the following, if true, provides the best indication that the government health agency’s decision was logically well supported?


A. In the previous two-year period, twelve patients taking SleepSoon died, while only two patients taking other sleeping pills died during the same time period.

B. The deaths of the patients taking SleepSoon were found to be unrelated to the sleeping pill SleepSoon.

C. The government health agency of Country X issued new guidelines for drug companies to help standardize the safety criteria that a drug must meet prior to being placed on the market.

D. Consumer groups lobbied for legislation requiring drugs to meet stricter safety standards before being placed on the market.

E. Many DrugRite employees left the company for jobs at other drug manufacturers


+B
because it mention deaths are unrelated to pills.
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Re: Four patients taking the sleeping pill SleepSoon,manufactured by DrugR  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2018, 09:05
Bunuel wrote:
Four patients taking the sleeping pill SleepSoon, manufactured by DrugRite, died during a six-month period, yet the government health agency of Country X decided not to remove SleepSoon from the market. Many industry observers were surprised, since the death of so many patient staking a particular drug will often lead to the drug’s being removed from the market.


Stimulus :
Cause --> Sleeping pill SleepSoon
Effect --> Death
But what if the cause mentioned is not the cause of the effect mentioned ?

B. The deaths of the patients taking SleepSoon were found to be unrelated to the sleeping pill SleepSoon. --> Correct, the speculated cause is not the only cause, hence resolves the paradox.

Hence, B.
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Re: Four patients taking the sleeping pill SleepSoon,manufactured by DrugR  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2018, 02:59
Bunuel wrote:
Four patients taking the sleeping pill SleepSoon, manufactured by DrugRite, died during a six-month period, yet the government health agency of Country X decided not to remove SleepSoon from the market. Many industry observers were surprised, since the death of so many patient staking a particular drug will often lead to the drug’s being removed from the market.

Which of the following, if true, provides the best indication that the government health agency’s decision was logically well supported?


A. In the previous two-year period, twelve patients taking SleepSoon died, while only two patients taking other sleeping pills died during the same time period.

B. The deaths of the patients taking SleepSoon were found to be unrelated to the sleeping pill SleepSoon.

C. The government health agency of Country X issued new guidelines for drug companies to help standardize the safety criteria that a drug must meet prior to being placed on the market.

D. Consumer groups lobbied for legislation requiring drugs to meet stricter safety standards before being placed on the market.

E. Many DrugRite employees left the company for jobs at other drug manufacturers


KAPLAN OFFICIAL SOLUTION:



Correct Choice: (B)

If the deaths of the SleepSoon consumers were known to be unrelated to the drug (perhaps they were all diagnosed with cancer), then the deaths would certainly not be reason for the health agency to deny approval. So choice (B) is the best answer.

Choices (A) and (D) provide more evidence for not approving the drug, so these answer choices certainly don’t support the health agency’s decision.

Choice (C) mentions new regulations, but we don’t know whether it would be more be more or less difficult for SleepSoon to receive approval under these guidelines. Choice (E) cannot have any bearing on the approval of the drug by the health agency.
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New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: Four patients taking the sleeping pill SleepSoon,manufactured by DrugR &nbs [#permalink] 30 Jul 2018, 02:59
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Four patients taking the sleeping pill SleepSoon,manufactured by DrugR

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