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Framed by traitorous colleagues, Alfred Dreyfus was

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Framed by traitorous colleagues, Alfred Dreyfus was  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2009, 02:50
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Question Stats:

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Framed by traitorous colleagues, Alfred Dreyfus was imprisoned for twelve years before there was exoneration and his freedom.

(A) there was exoneration and his freedom
(B) he was to be exonerated with freedom
(C) being exonerated and freed
(D) exoneration and his freedom
(E) being freed, having been exonerated
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Re: traitorous colleagues  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Oct 2010, 18:15
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It basically depends on how you interpret "before". If "before" is used as a preposition, it forms a prepositional phrase, which modifies the nearest noun. However, if "before" is used as a conjuction, it can have a proper clause or it can participial phase modiyfing the subject of the main sentence.


(A) there was exoneration and his freedom - "there" pronoun error.
(B) he was to be exonerated with freedom - "was" is a form of "to be". We can't use both.
(C) being exonerated and freed - Correct
(D) exoneration and his freedom - "before exoneration .." is a prepositional phrase that modifies "years"
(E) being freed, having been exonerated - "having been" structure error.
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Re: traitorous colleagues  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2009, 08:40
Another C..

(A) there was exoneration and his freedom - awkward construction with 'there'...
(B) he was to be exonerated with freedom - 'to be'
(C) being exonerated and freed - correct
(D) exoneration and his freedom - not parallel...
(E) being freed, having been exonerated - awkward construction

Whats the OA...also is this case 'being' is correct..whereas in most of the cases we seem to remove options which have being..Can anyone signify the importance of being..
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Re: traitorous colleagues  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2009, 10:06
rashminet84 wrote:
ashishd wrote:
4. Framed by traitorous colleagues, Alfred Dreyfus was imprisoned for twelve years before there was exoneration and his freedom.
(A) there was exoneration and his freedom awkward
(B) he was to be exonerated with freedom wordy awkward
(C) being exonerated and freed concise and correct
(D) exoneration and his freedom "his freedom" is incorrect
(E) being freed, having been exonerated wordy and awkward


Can you please explain:

before exoneration - is this correct?
before his freedom - this is incorrect as we need to define the instance and moment in here. Right?
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Re: traitorous colleagues  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2009, 10:09
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sudeep wrote:

Can you please explain:

before exoneration - is this correct?
before his freedom - this is incorrect as we need to define the instance and moment in here. Right?


Whenever i find a passive voice, i always look for options with active voice. Gmat rarely gives a correct choice with passive voice.

exoneration and "his freedom" both are passive, only C has active voice
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Re: traitorous colleagues  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2009, 14:07
Passive : The rabbit was eaten by the tiger.

Active : The tiger ate the rabbit.

Hope this was helpful :)
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Re: traitorous colleagues  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2009, 20:53
rashminet84 wrote:
Passive : The rabbit was eaten by the tiger.

Active : The tiger ate the rabbit.

Hope this was helpful :)


Really!

How "exoneration" and "his freedom" become passive was my question?
Both are nouns and contain no verb so how can they be considered as passive.
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Re: traitorous colleagues  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2009, 07:01
sudeep wrote:
rashminet84 wrote:
Passive : The rabbit was eaten by the tiger.

Active : The tiger ate the rabbit.

Hope this was helpful :)


Really!

How "exoneration" and "his freedom" become passive was my question?
Both are nouns and contain no verb so how can they be considered as passive.


consider these:
1)They exonerated and freed him
2) He was exonerated and freed
3) There was his exoneration and freedom.

1 is obviously active, 2 is not when compared to 1, but 2 is relatively active compared to 3.
3 sounds very clumsy and awkward.
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Re: traitorous colleagues  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2009, 08:19
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According to Manhattan, other things equal, choose verb over adjective over noun. Thus, C is clearly better than D
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Re: traitorous colleagues  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2010, 13:22
С

D is wrong.
Guys, my advice is read the MGMAT SC attentively!

Not all the nouns are parallel, Do not parallel concrete nouns (dog, flowers, region) with Action nouns (pollution, development, change, etc). Ex - WRONG : Continent and pollution are

in D, exoneration is an action noun , while freedom is a concrete noun - so D is not parallel.
in C both "being exonerated" and "freed" - are paralle, and both are states of being.
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Re: I need expert comments - If I say "having been"  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2012, 10:10
1) "Having been exonerated, I went home"

Here with "having" - it has to modify a noun.

2) If you use it as a verb for "to be" as in "having been there, I can say this"

These are two use cases.

In the question above, it doesn't fit well with the sentence structure so E is not relevant.
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Re: Framed by traitorous colleagues, Alfred Dreyfus was  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2015, 23:39
smashingpumpkins wrote:
Another C..

(A) there was exoneration and his freedom - awkward construction with 'there'...
(B) he was to be exonerated with freedom - 'to be'
(C) being exonerated and freed - correct
(D) exoneration and his freedom - not parallel...
(E) being freed, having been exonerated - awkward construction

Whats the OA...also is this case 'being' is correct..whereas in most of the cases we seem to remove options which have being..Can anyone signify the importance of being..



IMO, Being when used as "state of a thing or person, feeling" then it's usage is correct. It can also be used as progressive tense.

Ex: Being head of family gives his authority to make financial decisions.
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Re: Framed by traitorous colleagues, Alfred Dreyfus was  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2019, 01:24
daagh Can you please explain the usage of "being" here?

As you have mentioned earlier
[url]--If we can realize the futility of using ‘being’ in such contexts, we have a safe way of dumping a few wrong choices in one stroke. In GMAT ‘being’ is acceptable only in cases where it is part of a noun phrase that acts as the subject or when it is part of a passive voice structure preceded by an auxiliary derivative of the base verb ‘be’ such as is, are, was or were etc. Whenever you see, ‘being’, ask what is being or who is being. If you get a positive answer, then ‘being’ is a modifier and that structure is unacceptable in GMAT.
.--[/url]



Is "being exonerated and freed" parallel to "was imprisoned" here? In that case there will be a valid sentence(and not a fragment) after because.
I.E. Framed by traitorous colleagues, Alfred Dreyfus was imprisoned for twelve years before {Alfred Dreyfus was} being exonerated and freed.
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Framed by traitorous colleagues, Alfred Dreyfus was  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2019, 07:05
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Quote:
Framed by traitorous colleagues, Alfred Dreyfus was imprisoned for twelve years before there was exoneration and his freedom.

(A) there was exoneration and his freedom
(B) he was to be exonerated with freedom
(C) being exonerated and freed
(D) exoneration and his freedom
(E) being freed, having been exonerated


Quote:
[url]--If we can realize the futility of using ‘being’ in such contexts, we have a safe way of dumping a few wrong choices in one stroke. In GMAT ‘being’ is acceptable only in cases where it is part of a noun phrase that acts as the subject or when it is part of a passive voice structure preceded by an auxiliary derivative of the base verb ‘be’ such as is, are, was or were etc. Whenever you see, ‘being’, ask what is being or who is being. If you get a positive answer, then ‘being’ is a modifier and that structure is unacceptable in GMAT.

.--[/url]
Quote:
Is "being exonerated and freed" parallel to "was imprisoned" here? In that case there will be a valid sentence(and not a fragment) after because.
I.E. Framed by traitorous colleagues, Alfred Dreyfus was imprisoned for twelve years before {Alfred Dreyfus was} being exonerated and freed


"before being exonerated " is a gerund(noun) and an object of the preposition 'before". Obviously we can see that it cannot be parallelle or equal to a verbed structure such as "was imprisoned'. While we can mention a gerund after a preposition, we cannot generally have a verbed predicate structure after the conjunction' 'before'.('before' is one of those words that can operate both as a preposition and a conjunction.
We have to have a subject such as 'Alfred' in front of the verb 'was exonerated).

The message here is that, 'being' as an object of preposition also is an acceptable form because it is also a form of noun but not a modifier as seen in this case.

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Framed by traitorous colleagues, Alfred Dreyfus was   [#permalink] 28 Jan 2019, 07:05
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