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France's longest-ruling monarch, Louis XIV, inherited the throne at

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France's longest-ruling monarch, Louis XIV, inherited the throne at  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2018, 00:49
1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

70% (00:44) correct 30% (00:49) wrong based on 70 sessions

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France's longest-ruling monarch, Louis XIV, inherited the throne at the age of four and the country was rules by him for 72 years.

A. inherited the throne at the age of four and the country was ruled by him for 72 years.
B. had inherited the throne at the age of four and the country was ruled by him for 72 years.
C. inherited the throne at the age of four and ruled the country for 72 years.
D. inherited the throne at the age of four and the country has been ruled by him for 72 years.
E. had inherited the throne at the age of four and he ruled the country for 72 years.


Source : PowerScore GMAT Sentence Correction Bible 2018 edition.




Can anyone explain why is E wrong? I was confused between C and E.
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Re: France's longest-ruling monarch, Louis XIV, inherited the throne at  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2018, 05:20
1
France's longest-ruling monarch, Louis XIV, inherited the throne at the age of four and the country was rules by him for 72 years.

A. inherited the throne at the age of four and the country was ruled by him for 72 years.
B. had inherited the throne at the age of four and the country was ruled by him for 72 years.
C. inherited the throne at the age of four and ruled the country for 72 years.
D. inherited the throne at the age of four and the country has been ruled by him for 72 years.
E. had inherited the throne at the age of four and he ruled the country for 72 years.

Two errors..
1) simple past INHERITED is correct..
2) PARALLELISM..
Monarch inherited....and ruled.....

So C

Why E is wrong..
Use of HAD points towards two past actions, where one occured before other but here use of AND talks of two parallel structures..
_________________

1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html


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Re: France's longest-ruling monarch, Louis XIV, inherited the throne at  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2018, 08:28
Arent both the things happening in the past ? Here is how I saw it:
1st event:
Louis XIV inherited the throne.
2nd event he ruled for 72 years.
and from there I followed the logic that the 1st event shd be past perfect and the 2nd simple past.
chetan2u wrote:
France's longest-ruling monarch, Louis XIV, inherited the throne at the age of four and the country was rules by him for 72 years.

A. inherited the throne at the age of four and the country was ruled by him for 72 years.
B. had inherited the throne at the age of four and the country was ruled by him for 72 years.
C. inherited the throne at the age of four and ruled the country for 72 years.
D. inherited the throne at the age of four and the country has been ruled by him for 72 years.
E. had inherited the throne at the age of four and he ruled the country for 72 years.

Two errors..
1) simple past INHERITED is correct..
2) PARALLELISM..
Monarch inherited....and ruled.....

So C

Why E is wrong..
Use of HAD points towards two past actions, where one occured before other but here use of AND talks of two parallel structures..
Math Expert
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Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 6535
Re: France's longest-ruling monarch, Louis XIV, inherited the throne at  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2018, 09:05
2
KomalSg wrote:
Arent both the things happening in the past ? Here is how I saw it:
1st event:
Louis XIV inherited the throne.
2nd event he ruled for 72 years.
and from there I followed the logic that the 1st event shd be past perfect and the 2nd simple past.
chetan2u wrote:
France's longest-ruling monarch, Louis XIV, inherited the throne at the age of four and the country was rules by him for 72 years.

A. inherited the throne at the age of four and the country was ruled by him for 72 years.
B. had inherited the throne at the age of four and the country was ruled by him for 72 years.
C. inherited the throne at the age of four and ruled the country for 72 years.
D. inherited the throne at the age of four and the country has been ruled by him for 72 years.
E. had inherited the throne at the age of four and he ruled the country for 72 years.

Two errors..
1) simple past INHERITED is correct..
2) PARALLELISM..
Monarch inherited....and ruled.....

So C

Why E is wrong..
Use of HAD points towards two past actions, where one occured before other but here use of AND talks of two parallel structures..


Hi
If I were to see this sentence, I would see inheriting the throne as the the start of rule, so same action.
Something like .. I got up in the morning and went for a walk.
It will not be ... I had got up in the morning and went for a walk.
I ate my breakfast and went to school.

But say ..
The monarch HAD ruled the country for 72 years when he died.
He had eaten his breakfast when the school bus came.
In these sentences Had is must to show the action
If I write he ate his breakfast when the school bus came.
It can mean, he started eating breakfast the time school bus came
_________________

1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html


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Intern
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Joined: 22 Jan 2014
Posts: 12
GMAT 1: 610 Q47 V27
Re: France's longest-ruling monarch, Louis XIV, inherited the throne at  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2018, 10:49
Thank you for your help. I get it now.
chetan2u wrote:
KomalSg wrote:
Arent both the things happening in the past ? Here is how I saw it:
1st event:
Louis XIV inherited the throne.
2nd event he ruled for 72 years.
and from there I followed the logic that the 1st event shd be past perfect and the 2nd simple past.
chetan2u wrote:
France's longest-ruling monarch, Louis XIV, inherited the throne at the age of four and the country was rules by him for 72 years.

A. inherited the throne at the age of four and the country was ruled by him for 72 years.
B. had inherited the throne at the age of four and the country was ruled by him for 72 years.
C. inherited the throne at the age of four and ruled the country for 72 years.
D. inherited the throne at the age of four and the country has been ruled by him for 72 years.
E. had inherited the throne at the age of four and he ruled the country for 72 years.

Two errors..
1) simple past INHERITED is correct..
2) PARALLELISM..
Monarch inherited....and ruled.....

So C

Why E is wrong..
Use of HAD points towards two past actions, where one occured before other but here use of AND talks of two parallel structures..


Hi
If I were to see this sentence, I would see inheriting the throne as the the start of rule, so same action.
Something like .. I got up in the morning and went for a walk.
It will not be ... I had got up in the morning and went for a walk.
I ate my breakfast and went to school.

But say ..
The monarch HAD ruled the country for 72 years when he died.
He had eaten his breakfast when the school bus came.
In these sentences Had is must to show the action
If I write he ate his breakfast when the school bus came.
It can mean, he started eating breakfast the time school bus came
Re: France's longest-ruling monarch, Louis XIV, inherited the throne at &nbs [#permalink] 22 Jul 2018, 10:49
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