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# "Freedom Riders" were African American and white civil rights activist

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"Freedom Riders" were African American and white civil rights activist  [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2018, 20:28
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95% (hard)

Question Stats:

43% (02:02) correct 57% (01:51) wrong based on 394 sessions

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"Freedom Riders" were African American and white civil rights activists, who traveled together on buses into the southern states of Mississippi and Alabama to test the Supreme Court ruling that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional and forcing federal police to protect the protesters' rights.

A. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional and forcing

B. constitutionality of the Supreme Court which ruled on segregation of interstate buses and forced

C. unconstitutional Supreme Court ruling on segregation of interstate buses, forcing

D. ruling of the Supreme Court that segregation on interstate buses were unconstitutional and to force

E. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional and forced

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Re: "Freedom Riders" were African American and white civil rights activist  [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2018, 20:35
A - wrong forcing
B - wrong not testing the constitutionality of the actual Supreme Court
C - wrong the Supreme Court is not unconstitutional
D - wrong were
E - correct.

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"Freedom Riders" were African American and white civil rights activist  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2018, 02:52
Bunuel wrote:
"Freedom Riders" were African American and white civil rights activists, who traveled together on buses into the southern states of Mississippi and Alabama to test the Supreme Court ruling that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional and forcing federal police to protect the protesters' rights.

A. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional and forcing
not parallel

B. constitutionality of the Supreme Court which ruled on segregation of interstate buses and forced
Changes the meaning, They came to test the ruling not the constitutionality

C. unconstitutional Supreme Court ruling on segregation of interstate buses, forcing
looks grammatically correct, not sure

D. ruling of the Supreme Court that segregation on interstate buses were unconstitutional and to force
to test and to force are parallel, this will me my pick

E. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional and forcedagain not parallel

A. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional and forcing
not parallel

B. constitutionality of the Supreme Court which ruled on segregation of interstate buses and forced
Changes the meaning, They came to test the ruling not the constitutionality

C. unconstitutional Supreme Court ruling on segregation of interstate buses, forcing
looks grammatically correct, not sure

D. ruling of the Supreme Court that segregation on interstate buses were unconstitutional and to force
to test and to force are parallel, this will me my pick

E. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional and forcedagain not parallel

Correct me if i am wrong....
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Re: "Freedom Riders" were African American and white civil rights activist  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 17 Jul 2018, 22:22
A. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional and ((forcing)) - parallelism issue(tense).

B. constitutionality of the Supreme Court which ruled on segregation of interstate buses and forced - parallelism issue(tense), change in meaning.

C. ((unconstitutional Supreme Court ruling)) on segregation of interstate buses, ((forcing)) - parallelism issue(tense), change in meaning.

D. ruling of the Supreme Court that segregation on interstate buses ((were)) unconstitutional and to force - parallel, correct meaning conveyed. Incorrect.

E. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional and //forced// - correct.

Thus, E seems best to me.

Edited my post. Previously overlooked "were" in option D. Option E is right.

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Originally posted by SonalSinha803 on 18 Jun 2018, 03:29.
Last edited by SonalSinha803 on 17 Jul 2018, 22:22, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: "Freedom Riders" were African American and white civil rights activist  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2018, 11:40
2
+1 for E.

Parallelism error.

E. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional and forced --> Correct, 'who traveled ....and forced'
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Re: "Freedom Riders" were African American and white civil rights activist  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2018, 12:17
IMO E.

They travelled to test the SC ruling....and forced the police to protect the rights.
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Re: "Freedom Riders" were African American and white civil rights activist  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2018, 21:11
D. ruling of the Supreme Court that segregation on interstate buses were unconstitutional and to force

The answer cannot be D as the word "were" disagrees with segregation (singular).

I originally chose B as "forced" would be parallel with "traveled" and the sentence would be grammatically correct...except I later realized that the meaning of the sentence would also be changed as the answer substituted "ruling" with "constitutionality".

A & C would be eliminated because of the word "forcing" (parallelism issues)

So that leaves us with E
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Re: "Freedom Riders" were African American and white civil rights activist  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2018, 21:40
"Freedom Riders" were African American and white civil rights activists, who traveled together on buses into the southern states of Mississippi and Alabama to test the Supreme Court ruling that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional and forcing federal police to protect the protesters' rights.

A. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional and forcing: 'forcing' incorrect Verb.

B. constitutionality of the Supreme Court which ruled on segregation of interstate buses and forced: constitutionality of the Supreme Court is NOT tested.

C. unconstitutional Supreme Court ruling on segregation of interstate buses, forcing: 'unconstitutional' seems to modify 'Supreme Court'. Wrong usage.

D. ruling of the Supreme Court that segregation on interstate buses were unconstitutional and to force:'segregation' singular. Incorrect usage of 'were'

E. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional and forced : correct usage of verbs 'traveled' and 'forced' for noun 'African American and white civil rights activists'
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"Freedom Riders" were African American and white civil rights activist  [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2018, 10:03
A. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional and forcing

B. constitutionality of the Supreme Court which ruled on segregation of interstate buses and forced

C. unconstitutional Supreme Court ruling on segregation of interstate buses, forcing

D. ruling of the Supreme Court that segregation on interstate buses were unconstitutional and to force- Parallelism

E. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional and forced
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Re: "Freedom Riders" were African American and white civil rights activist  [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2018, 10:22
Hello baru, pratik521992 & SonalSinha803,

Let me put my thought process as below.

D. ruling of the Supreme Court that segregation on interstate buses were unconstitutional and to force.

In the option D, there is subject-verb agreement error. Here the verb "were" is written along with the subject "segregation on the interstate", but the subject is a singular one. So we can't use "were" here.
Again, if we check for parallelism, then the two elements which have been connected by the conjunction "and" are "Freedom Riders....., who traveled..... and forced federal police....". For both of these verbs "traveled" and "forced" the subject is "Freedom Riders".
And if you go for two parallel elements as "to test the supreme court ruling" and "to force the federal police to protect the protesters' rights.", then you will have an ambiguous meaning. So, if you go as per logical meaning, option D will be a loser.

That's why I went for option E which has a clearer meaning and grammatical construction.

Hope it helps.
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Re: "Freedom Riders" were African American and white civil rights activist  [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2018, 16:10

"Freedom Riders" were African American and white civil rights activists, who traveled together on buses into the southern states of Mississippi and Alabama to test the Supreme Court ruling that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional and forced federal police to protect the protesters' rights.
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Re: "Freedom Riders" were African American and white civil rights activist  [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2018, 17:13
"Freedom Riders" were African American and white civil rights activists,
who traveled together on buses into the southern states of Mississippi and Alabama
to test the Supreme Court ruling that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional
and forcing federal police to protect the protesters' rights.

Who traveled and forced-- Parallel
To test Supreme Court Ruling.

segregation + was..

Option E is correct.
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"Freedom Riders" were African American and white civil rights activist  [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2018, 20:52
Bunuel wrote:
"Freedom Riders" were African American and white civil rights activists, who traveled together on buses into the southern states of Mississippi and Alabama to test the Supreme Court ruling that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional and forcing federal police to protect the protesters' rights.

A. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional and forcing

B. constitutionality of the Supreme Court which ruled on segregation of interstate buses and forced

C. unconstitutional Supreme Court ruling on segregation of interstate buses, forcing

D. ruling of the Supreme Court that segregation on interstate buses were unconstitutional and to force

E. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional and forced

This question can be tackled by sticking to the basics. My approach is as below:
POE 1: Parallelism: “Who TRAVELLED ………………………. And FORCED police”. This is the right construction. A,C & D gone.
POE 2: Activists travelled to test the “Supreme court ruling” not the “constitutionality of the supreme court itself”. B has meaning error.

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Re: "Freedom Riders" were African American and white civil rights activist  [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2019, 02:06
E. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional and forced

I can tell that B and C and wrong, right away, since they get the meaning of the sentence wrong. A and D are both incorrect because they are applying the wrong tenses.E is the only error free option.
Re: "Freedom Riders" were African American and white civil rights activist   [#permalink] 08 Mar 2019, 02:06
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