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Freud s theories of the workings of the mind, while

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Freud s theories of the workings of the mind, while  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2009, 05:31
3
2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

59% (01:36) correct 41% (01:42) wrong based on 281 sessions

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Freud’s theories of the workings of the mind, while brilliant for their day, were formulated before most of this century’s great advances in neurophysiology and biochemistry. Today, we have a far deeper understanding of the biological components of thought, emotion, and behavior than was dreamed of eighty years ago. It would be foolish to continue parroting Freud’s psychological theories as if these advances had never occurred.

It can be inferred from the passage above that the author would be most likely to favor

(A) the abandonment of most of Freud’s theories
(B) a greater reliance on biological rather than psychological explanations of behavior
(C) a critical reexamination of Freud’s place in the history of psychology
(D) a reexamination of Freud’s theories in the light of contemporary biology
(E) increased financial support for studies in neurophysiology and biochemistry

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New post 19 Oct 2009, 21:57
clear D. The author will favor the reexamination of Freud’s theories in the light of contemporary biology, because Freud's studies are not up-to-date.
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New post 20 Oct 2009, 09:26
a,c,e are clearly out..b is too specific..d IMO..OA plss..
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New post 20 Oct 2009, 10:32
I think the correct answer is D.
Please send the OA.
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New post 12 Nov 2009, 06:24
would like to go with B.
OA please..
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New post 12 Nov 2009, 23:33
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noboru wrote:
Freud’s theories of the workings of the mind, while brilliant for their day, were formulated before most of this century’s great advances in neurophysiology and biochemistry. Today, we have a far deeper understanding of the biological components of thought, emotion, and behavior than was dreamed of eighty years ago. It would be foolish to continue parroting Freud’s psychological theories as if these advances had never occurred.
It can be inferred from the passage above that the author would be most likely to favor
(A) the abandonment of most of Freud’s theories
(B) a greater reliance on biological rather than psychological explanations of behavior
(C) a critical reexamination of Freud’s place in the history of psychology
(D) a reexamination of Freud’s theories in the light of contemporary biology
(E) increased financial support for studies in neurophysiology and biochemistry


OA (from another thread) is D

B cannot be correct because we see no evidence that this is the case. For all we know, the advances in biochem and neurophys debunked Freud, but are still worse than today's version of psychology. We just can't properly infer B.

We can, however, get D. The beginning of the passage is implying that Freud was great, but not as great as we thought, and that we need to reexamine our evaluation of his theories (thanks to advances in science).

Remember, we only hear about biochem et. al. in relation to Freud's theories. Claiming B from this passage is just too much of a stretch.
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New post 14 Nov 2009, 20:20
D, for reasons offered by barakhaiev and Ludacrispat26.
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New post 13 May 2011, 03:41
B and D both are a little far from being inferred from the argument directly.
Since conclusion says that we need not parrot Freud's theory,then new theories are existing indicates we should rely on new insights.

thus B wins based on authors subtle assumption here.
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New post 19 May 2011, 10:20
i think D is the correct answer mainly because of the conclusion.

B is incorrect because it pits biology v/s psychology which is not what the author conveys.
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New post 19 May 2011, 11:32
noboru wrote:
Freud’s theories of the workings of the mind, while brilliant for their day, were formulated before most of this century’s great advances in neurophysiology and biochemistry. Today, we have a far deeper understanding of the biological components of thought, emotion, and behavior than was dreamed of eighty years ago. It would be foolish to continue parroting Freud’s psychological theories as if these advances had never occurred.
It can be inferred from the passage above that the author would be most likely to favor
(A) the abandonment of most of Freud’s theories
(B) a greater reliance on biological rather than psychological explanations of behavior
(C) a critical reexamination of Freud’s place in the history of psychology
(D) a reexamination of Freud’s theories in the light of contemporary biology
(E) increased financial support for studies in neurophysiology and biochemistry


The author's argument is suggesting that biological components are better indicator for determining human behavior. Thus, he is promoting biological aspects for determining behavior over psychological theories. His intention is not to undermine or debunk Freud's theories for he thinks those were great 80 years back; thus ordering a reexamination would be less likely.

Ans: "B"
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Re: Freud s theories of the workings of the mind, while  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2011, 06:20
fluke wrote:
noboru wrote:
Freud’s theories of the workings of the mind, while brilliant for their day, were formulated before most of this century’s great advances in neurophysiology and biochemistry. Today, we have a far deeper understanding of the biological components of thought, emotion, and behavior than was dreamed of eighty years ago. It would be foolish to continue parroting Freud’s psychological theories as if these advances had never occurred.
It can be inferred from the passage above that the author would be most likely to favor
(A) the abandonment of most of Freud’s theories
(B) a greater reliance on biological rather than psychological explanations of behavior
(C) a critical reexamination of Freud’s place in the history of psychology
(D) a reexamination of Freud’s theories in the light of contemporary biology
(E) increased financial support for studies in neurophysiology and biochemistry


The author's argument is suggesting that biological components are better indicator for determining human behavior. Thus, he is promoting biological aspects for determining behavior over psychological theories. His intention is not to undermine or debunk Freud's theories for he thinks those were great 80 years back; thus ordering a reexamination would be less likely.

Ans: "B"



I will go with D

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New post 24 May 2011, 09:49
Oh okay.. this question is from 1000 CR so I wouldn't worry about it..
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New post 24 May 2011, 19:30
B should be the answer. "a greater reliance on bilogical than psychological explanations of behavior"...this is exactly what is being inferred...leave aside Freud's thories and rely on the new biological advances!!
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New post 27 May 2011, 01:23
noboru wrote:
Freud’s theories of the workings of the mind, while brilliant for their day, were formulated before most of this century’s great advances in neurophysiology and biochemistry. Today, we have a far deeper understanding of the biological components of thought, emotion, and behavior than was dreamed of eighty years ago. It would be foolish to continue parroting Freud’s psychological theories as if these advances had never occurred.
It can be inferred from the passage above that the author would be most likely to favor
(A) the abandonment of most of Freud’s theories
(B) a greater reliance on biological rather than psychological explanations of behavior
(C) a critical reexamination of Freud’s place in the history of psychology
(D) a reexamination of Freud’s theories in the light of contemporary biology
(E) increased financial support for studies in neurophysiology and biochemistry



The question stem clearly indicates(marked in red) that the author supports the biological aspects of human behaviour.

I go with B.
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New post 31 May 2011, 04:42
D. B claims that one is better than the other can explaining behavior. However, the author only claims that biology has not been factored into Freud's theories. Biology may only play a small but important role in those theories.
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New post 29 Aug 2011, 01:53
fluke wrote:
noboru wrote:
Freud’s theories of the workings of the mind, while brilliant for their day, were formulated before most of this century’s great advances in neurophysiology and biochemistry. Today, we have a far deeper understanding of the biological components of thought, emotion, and behavior than was dreamed of eighty years ago. It would be foolish to continue parroting Freud’s psychological theories as if these advances had never occurred.
It can be inferred from the passage above that the author would be most likely to favor
(A) the abandonment of most of Freud’s theories
(B) a greater reliance on biological rather than psychological explanations of behavior
(C) a critical reexamination of Freud’s place in the history of psychology
(D) a reexamination of Freud’s theories in the light of contemporary biology
(E) increased financial support for studies in neurophysiology and biochemistry


The author's argument is suggesting that biological components are better indicator for determining human behavior. Thus, he is promoting biological aspects for determining behavior over psychological theories. His intention is not to undermine or debunk Freud's theories for he thinks those were great 80 years back; thus ordering a reexamination would be less likely.

Ans: "B"


Even though author states that biological components are are better indicator that psychological, Option B assumes that all psychologial theories are wrong, this is a wrong assumption as author is only talking about Freud's theories. hence author try to conclude that reexamination is requried.

Ans : D
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Re: Freud s theories of the workings of the mind, while  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2011, 20:54
IMO D
noboru wrote:
Freud’s theories of the workings of the mind, while brilliant for their day, were formulated before most of this century’s great advances in neurophysiology and biochemistry. Today, we have a far deeper understanding of the biological components of thought, emotion, and behavior than was dreamed of eighty years ago. It would be foolish to continue parroting Freud’s psychological theories as if these advances had never occurred.
It can be inferred from the passage above that the author would be most likely to favor
(A) the abandonment of most of Freud’s theories - too extreme and also the passage doesn't talk about abandoning Freud's theories.
(B) a greater reliance on biological rather than psychological explanations of behavior - the argument does not mention the importance of one over another. It mentions the new advances and hence the need to re-check Freud's theories.
(C) a critical reexamination of Freud’s place in the history of psychology - Out of scope. Why would we want to examine Freud's place in history? We need to examine the theories. He did a good job in his time :)
(D) a reexamination of Freud’s theories in the light of contemporary biology - Correct. All the argument wants is not to rely completely on the theories developed 80 years ago but to evaluate them as new developments in the same field has happened.
(E) increased financial support for studies in neurophysiology and biochemistry
- Again, out of scope
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Re: Freud s theories of the workings of the mind, while  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2011, 10:24
IMO D.

"It would be foolish to continue parroting Freud’s psychological theories as if these advances had never occurred" - As I understand the author is saying that it would be foolish to continue using freud's model without reexamining it. but we get no info about what he believes is better.

It is possible to assume that the old theories are matching the new ones and therefore - we can rely on both in the same way.

Would be happy to know OA for this one. Thanks.
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Re: Freud s theories of the workings of the mind, while  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2019, 09:16
Bumping for further discussion
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Re: Freud s theories of the workings of the mind, while  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2019, 04:26
Hi nightblade354,

Could you please provide an explanation for this question. I was confused between B and D. I went for B as B establishes one over the other just like the last line in the passage does. I am not convinced how D could be the right answer.
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Re: Freud s theories of the workings of the mind, while   [#permalink] 19 Apr 2019, 04:26

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