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# Frobisher, a sixteenth-century English explorer, had soil

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21 Dec 2010, 15:46
chelliyil wrote:
Frobisher could have mistakely examined for gold on any other island as well too. In that case D would be a choice. Please explain why this option is out.

You cannot assume information that isn't stated in the question. With the given information, she/he/whoever draws the conclusion that the method was innaccurate.

There are many things that could have happened but only the things mentioned in the text are valid for the argument
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21 Dec 2010, 19:05
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chelliyil wrote:
Frobisher could have mistakely examined for gold on any other island as well too. In that case D would be a choice. Please explain why this option is out.

The argument says that he got soil from Kodlunarn island examined. The Queen sent two expeditions there. The argument does not have anything to do with the other islands. It does not assume that he did not get soil of any other island examined. Perhaps he did and found no gold there or perhaps he did find gold there. We do not know and do not care as far as this argument goes. Here we are only concerned with Kodlunarn.
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Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Manager Status: I am Midnight's Child ! Joined: 04 Dec 2009 Posts: 143 WE 1: Software Design and Development Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 73 [0], given: 11 Re: CR: gold content [#permalink] ### Show Tags 26 Dec 2010, 13:06 fiesta wrote: Frobisher, a sixteenth-century English explorer, had soil samples from Canada’s Kodlunarn Island examined for gold content. Because high gold content was reported, Elizabeth I funded two mining expeditions. Neither expedition found any gold there. Modern analysis of the island’s soil indicates a very low gold content. Thus the methods used to determine the gold content of Frobisher’s samples must have been inaccurate. Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends? (A) The gold content of the soil on Kodlunarn Island is much lower today than it was in the sixteenth century. (B) The two mining expeditions funded by Elizabeth I did not mine the same part of Kodlunarn Island. (C) The methods used to assess gold content of the soil samples provided by Frobisher were different from those generally used in the sixteenth century. (D) Frobisher did not have soil samples from any other Canadian island examined for gold content. (E) Gold was not added to the soil samples collected by Frobisher before the samples were examined. Clearly E. _________________ Argument : If you love long trips, you love the GMAT. Conclusion : GMAT is long journey. What does the author assume ? Assumption : A long journey is a long trip. GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings Senior Manager Joined: 19 Oct 2010 Posts: 262 Location: India GMAT 1: 560 Q36 V31 GPA: 3 Followers: 7 Kudos [?]: 80 [0], given: 27 Re: CR: gold content [#permalink] ### Show Tags 10 Jan 2011, 09:22 suesie970 wrote: 321kumarsushant wrote: can anyone please explain why C is not a correct option?? i am agree with C. E doesn't make sense to me. can any one tell me, where can i find the correct solution of this question apart from this discussion.? 321kumarsushant: Option C says that when Frobisher examined the soil sample for gold he used a different method than anyone else was using back in the 1500s . Even if this is true, this statement does not affect the conclusion at all. If choice C said "The methods used to assess gold content of the soil samples provided by Frobisher were different from those generally used in the twenty first century.", then it would be a contender for the correct answer. Hope that helps. E clearly. It's the only one that strays from the original line of the passage. Susie, That amendment to option C was a good addition. _________________ petrifiedbutstanding Manager Joined: 21 Nov 2010 Posts: 130 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 12 Re: Frobisher, a sixteenth-century English explorer, had soil [#permalink] ### Show Tags 02 Dec 2011, 00:32 +1 E BSchool Forum Moderator Status: Flying over the cloud! Joined: 17 Aug 2011 Posts: 886 Location: Viet Nam Concentration: International Business, Marketing GMAT Date: 06-06-2014 GPA: 3.07 Followers: 74 Kudos [?]: 656 [0], given: 44 Re: Frobisher, a sixteenth-century English explorer, had soil [#permalink] ### Show Tags 02 Dec 2011, 20:14 +1 E _________________ Rules for posting in verbal gmat forum, read it before posting anything in verbal forum Giving me + 1 kudos if my post is valuable with you The more you like my post, the more you share to other's need CR: Focus of the Week: Must be True Question Manager Joined: 10 Jan 2011 Posts: 240 Location: India GMAT Date: 07-16-2012 GPA: 3.4 WE: Consulting (Consulting) Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 63 [0], given: 25 Re: Frobisher, a sixteenth-century English explorer, had soil [#permalink] ### Show Tags 05 Dec 2011, 02:06 IMO E _________________ -------Analyze why option A in SC wrong------- Senior Manager Joined: 12 Oct 2011 Posts: 266 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 50 [0], given: 110 Re: Frobisher, a sixteenth-century English explorer, had soil [#permalink] ### Show Tags 23 Dec 2011, 06:12 E it is. Nice question but E stands out as the assumption. _________________ Consider KUDOS if you feel the effort's worth it Manager Joined: 07 Aug 2011 Posts: 181 Location: United States Concentration: Technology, International Business GMAT 1: 690 Q48 V37 Followers: 3 Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 6 Re: Frobisher, a sixteenth-century English explorer, had soil [#permalink] ### Show Tags 26 Dec 2011, 03:32 Yes E its very simple. We need to SUPPORT the assumption that METHOD USED TO TEST GOLD CONTENT was inaccurate. E ) clearly states that Sample was not wrong and no gold was added to the sample .. so he had sample which had no gold yet his study showed gold was present Intern Joined: 16 Nov 2012 Posts: 4 Location: Switzerland Concentration: General Management, Social Entrepreneurship GPA: 3.11 WE: Architecture (Computer Software) Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 0 Re: Frobisher, a sixteenth-century English explorer, had soil [#permalink] ### Show Tags 29 Nov 2012, 12:23 It's been assumed that the method was wrong considering no gold was added. Intern Joined: 04 Aug 2013 Posts: 9 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 7 Re: CR: gold content [#permalink] ### Show Tags 25 Nov 2013, 17:57 Hey Karishma, But why not D? Thanks VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: fiesta wrote: Frobisher, a sixteenth-century English explorer, had soil samples from Canada’s Kodlunarn Island examined for gold content. Because high gold content was reported, Elizabeth I funded two mining expeditions. Neither expedition found any gold there. Modern analysis of the island’s soil indicates a very low gold content. Thus the methods used to determine the gold content of Frobisher’s samples must have been inaccurate. Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends? (A) The gold content of the soil on Kodlunarn Island is much lower today than it was in the sixteenth century. (B) The two mining expeditions funded by Elizabeth I did not mine the same part of Kodlunarn Island. (C) The methods used to assess gold content of the soil samples provided by Frobisher were different from those generally used in the sixteenth century. (D) Frobisher did not have soil samples from any other Canadian island examined for gold content. (E) Gold was not added to the soil samples collected by Frobisher before the samples were examined. Let us read the question stem first. We are looking for an assumption. An assumption is a necessary missing premise. We are looking for the option that needs to be true for the conclusion to be true. Premises: Frobisher had soil samples from Canada’s Kodlunarn Island examined for gold content. Because high gold content was reported, Elizabeth I funded two mining expeditions. Neither expedition found any gold there. Modern analysis of the island’s soil indicates a very low gold content. Tell me, when you read the above premises, what possibilities come to mind? Frobisher had samples examined. High gold content was reported. No gold was actually found. Modern analysis show very low gold content. The following possibilities come to my mind: 1. Either there was gold and before the expeditions were sent, it was mined (very unlikely!) 2. His methods were inaccurate. 3. Someone had added gold to the soil he tested. Conclusion: The methods used to determine the gold content of Frobisher’s samples must have been inaccurate. If I am concluding that his methods were inaccurate, then I am assuming that no one added gold to his samples and gold was not mined before the expeditions were sent. (Technically, gold could have been added and his methods could have been inaccurate too but lets not mess with that.) Hence option (E) is an assumption. Also, use you can use assumption negation technique to see that it is the right answer. I negate (E) : Gold was added to the soil samples collected by Frobisher before the samples were examined. I can not conclude now that his methods were inaccurate. Hence (E) is the correct answer. Option (C) is not correct. We did not assume in the argument that his methods were different. They could have been the same ones generally used in the 16th century, It is possible that 16th century methods were not accurate. Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 7372 Location: Pune, India Followers: 2287 Kudos [?]: 15099 [0], given: 224 Re: CR: gold content [#permalink] ### Show Tags 27 Nov 2013, 23:42 Manager Joined: 09 Apr 2013 Posts: 150 Location: India WE: Supply Chain Management (Consulting) Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 104 [0], given: 24 Re: CR: gold content [#permalink] ### Show Tags 28 Nov 2013, 02:57 How could D be a choice? Negate D and check. Frobisher has soil samples from other Canadian island examined for gold content. Even though he has examined soil samples from other islands, his method could still be inaccurate. Thus D would not hurt the conclusion by negation. Answer is E. _________________ +1 KUDOS is the best way to say thanks "Pay attention to every detail" Manager Joined: 20 Oct 2013 Posts: 76 Location: United States Concentration: General Management, Real Estate Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 15 Re: Frobisher, a sixteenth-century English explorer, had soil [#permalink] ### Show Tags 03 Dec 2013, 07:08 Look at 5 choices: A) Doesn't support the conclusion: lower gold content today suggests that finding low gold content doesn't imply the inaccuracy of the method. B) Same as A: "didn't mine the same part" => cannot conclude anything about the method's accuracy C) out of scope: "the method generally used in the 16th century" is irrelevant. Such a comparison between 2 methods provides no help. D) The statement is not enough for us to establish any inference about the method mentioned in the original argument E) Using negation technique: What happens if this stat isn't true? As gold was added to the samples before they were checked, the reported high gold content is due to fraudulence (my own idea!), rather than the method's inaccuracy => invalidate the conclusion. Pick E. Manager Joined: 24 Jun 2013 Posts: 62 Schools: ISB '16, NUS '15 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 49 Re: Frobisher, a sixteenth-century English explorer, had soil [#permalink] ### Show Tags 16 May 2014, 07:12 Hi Chiranjeev, The conclusion of the argument questioned the accuracy of the method used by Frobisher . keeping this in mind. in option D states after negation that Frobisher soil sample is taken form an other canadian island. So doesnt weaken the conclusion. or firstly it is like it doesn't say anything about the from where does the modern analysis has taken soil sample it might be from the same place and secondly in conclusion we are taking about the Method only. Is my understanding correct? one more question ,generally in assumption question , if any option shatters the premise, or weakens the premise or just a we get obtain statement after negation which is just the opposite of the given premises does that statement is a valid assumption. i think it won't fall into the category of new information ,and secondly it should be related to the conclusion ,this could be reasons for not considering the statement as a valid assumption correct me where I'm wrong. Thanks Nitin Singh Senior Manager Joined: 28 Apr 2014 Posts: 284 Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 35 [0], given: 46 Frobisher, a sixteenth-century English explorer, had soil [#permalink] ### Show Tags 06 Aug 2014, 01:41 VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: fiesta wrote: Frobisher, a sixteenth-century English explorer, had soil samples from Canada’s Kodlunarn Island examined for gold content. Because high gold content was reported, Elizabeth I funded two mining expeditions. Neither expedition found any gold there. Modern analysis of the island’s soil indicates a very low gold content. Thus the methods used to determine the gold content of Frobisher’s samples must have been inaccurate. Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends? (A) The gold content of the soil on Kodlunarn Island is much lower today than it was in the sixteenth century. (B) The two mining expeditions funded by Elizabeth I did not mine the same part of Kodlunarn Island. (C) The methods used to assess gold content of the soil samples provided by Frobisher were different from those generally used in the sixteenth century. (D) Frobisher did not have soil samples from any other Canadian island examined for gold content. (E) Gold was not added to the soil samples collected by Frobisher before the samples were examined. Let us read the question stem first. We are looking for an assumption. An assumption is a necessary missing premise. We are looking for the option that needs to be true for the conclusion to be true. Premises: Frobisher had soil samples from Canada’s Kodlunarn Island examined for gold content. Because high gold content was reported, Elizabeth I funded two mining expeditions. Neither expedition found any gold there. Modern analysis of the island’s soil indicates a very low gold content. Tell me, when you read the above premises, what possibilities come to mind? Frobisher had samples examined. High gold content was reported. No gold was actually found. Modern analysis show very low gold content. The following possibilities come to my mind: 1. Either there was gold and before the expeditions were sent, it was mined (very unlikely!) 2. His methods were inaccurate. 3. Someone had added gold to the soil he tested. Conclusion: The methods used to determine the gold content of Frobisher’s samples must have been inaccurate. If I am concluding that his methods were inaccurate, then I am assuming that no one added gold to his samples and gold was not mined before the expeditions were sent. (Technically, gold could have been added and his methods could have been inaccurate too but lets not mess with that.) Hence option (E) is an assumption. Also, use you can use assumption negation technique to see that it is the right answer. I negate (E) : Gold was added to the soil samples collected by Frobisher before the samples were examined. I can not conclude now that his methods were inaccurate. Hence (E) is the correct answer. Option (C) is not correct. We did not assume in the argument that his methods were different. They could have been the same ones generally used in the 16th century, It is possible that 16th century methods were not accurate. Karishma , can I paraphrase the above highlighted explanation as Negative E - Gold was added to the soil samples collected by Frobisher before the samples were examined. Now that if gold was added before examination and the examination rightly pointed this out - it clearly shows that the technical method to determine the gold content was not in-accurate ( though the step of fudging sample was morally wrong but that is altogether a different matter) So negating assumption , destroys the conclusion , hence E it is Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 7372 Location: Pune, India Followers: 2287 Kudos [?]: 15099 [0], given: 224 Re: Frobisher, a sixteenth-century English explorer, had soil [#permalink] ### Show Tags 07 Aug 2014, 03:02 himanshujovi wrote: Karishma , can I paraphrase the above highlighted explanation as Negative E - Gold was added to the soil samples collected by Frobisher before the samples were examined. Now that if gold was added before examination and the examination rightly pointed this out - it clearly shows that the technical method to determine the gold content was not in-accurate ( though the step of fudging sample was morally wrong but that is altogether a different matter) So negating assumption , destroys the conclusion , hence E it is Yes, that's correct. If Gold was added, we don't know who did it so we cannot blame Frobisher or his methods. All we know is that his methods to determine gold content could have been accurate. _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

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14 Oct 2015, 00:24
(A) The gold content of the soil on Kodlunarn Island is much lower today than it was in the sixteenth century.

can someone help me why ( A) is wrong? we assume F's method was correct so, it can possible gold amount today is much lower than sixteenth century.
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14 Oct 2015, 23:40
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eiffel wrote:
(A) The gold content of the soil on Kodlunarn Island is much lower today than it was in the sixteenth century.

can someone help me why ( A) is wrong? we assume F's method was correct so, it can possible gold amount today is much lower than sixteenth century.

No gold was found in the 16th century either. The soil sent for analysis showed gold. It could have been because it was tampered with or the one analysing the soil messed up etc.
So we are not assuming that the gold content today is lower. Anyway, the comparison of gold content of today with 16th century has nothing to do with the conclusion. The conclusion is only about 16th century gold content.
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Re: Frobisher, a sixteenth-century English explorer, had soil   [#permalink] 14 Oct 2015, 23:40

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