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From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre

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From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2004, 10:45
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From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes increased 3.4 percent, and total sales of chewing tobacco rose 18.0 percent. During the same period, total United States population increased 5.0 percent.

If the statements above are true, which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn?

(A) United States manufacturers of tobacco products had higher profits in 1976 than in 1973.

(B) Per capita consumption of cigarettes in the United States was lower in 1976 than in 1973.

(C) The proportion of nonsmokers in the United States population dropped slightly between 1973 and 1976.

(D) United States manufacturers of tobacco products realize a lower profit on cigarettes than on chewing tobacco.

(E) A large percentage of United States smokers switched from cigarettes to chewing tobacco between 1973 and 1976.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 01 Oct 2017, 05:52, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.

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Re: From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2004, 18:01
chunjuwu wrote:
could anybody reason it?

thanks


this employs a linear logic

population grew by 5 %
smokers grew by 3.6 %

per capita smokers, that is # of smokers/# of people

is less in 1976 than in 1973

Hence B
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Re: From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre [#permalink]

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"From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes increased 3.4 percent, and total sales of chewing tobacco rose 18.0 percent. During the same period, total United States population increased 5.0 percent.

If the statements above are true, which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn?"

First impression: Statement seems to imply that there is a correlation between increase in population and increase in consumption and sale.


(A) United States manufacturers of tobacco products had higher profits in 1976 than in 1973.

Does higher sales necessarily means higher profits? I don't think so. Maybe there were discounts.

(B) Per capita consumption of cigarettes in the United States was lower in 1976 than in 1973.

Maybe not. Perhaps more people started to use so to even out the difference.

(C) The proportion of nonsmokers in the United States population dropped slightly between 1973 and 1976.

Increase in consumption could mean more people started to smoke or the same number of people were buying more cig.


(D) United States manufacturers of tobacco products realize a lower profit on cigarettes than on chewing tobacco.

Can't infer this.

(E) A large percentage of United States smokers switched from cigarettes to chewing tobacco between 1973 and 1976.

Increase does not imply switch.

For B: Can the increase in population offset the increase in consumption of cig?

I'm not sure what the answer is. Maybe B. Of the three verbal sections, CR is the hardest for me. I have trouble with percentages type questions. Please let me know if I'm over-analyzing or looking at the wrong things.

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New post 18 Dec 2004, 23:03
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"B" is the right answer. Ques states that consumption grew not number of smokers. So say in 1973 there were 100 ppl in US with total cig consumption of 20 (per capita cons = 20/100). Now say cons rises by 5% that it becomes 21 but the population grew by 10% i.e it becomes 110
( per capita cons = 21/110). Now you see that per capita consumtion has decreased, per capita means consumption per person and not only smokers, ques doesn't say anything abt smokers and non smokers it is abt total population

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Re: From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2004, 07:59
Thanks all, especially praveen_rao7 and banerjeea_98.

You are right, the OA is B.

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Re: From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2017, 07:21
A) New information presented about profits - Eliminate
B) Correct
C) New information about non-smokers presented - Eliminate. Even if true it doesn't exclude the possibility that smokers consume chewing tobacco as well.
D) Again new info about profit = Eliminate
E) Again new information touching the breakdown of consumption structure - Eliminate.

Given that GMAT sets a specific constraints on all answer choices in Must Be True questions that anything derived from the passage ought to be within the information provided answer B is the only choice that can be logically feasible.

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Re: From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre [#permalink]

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From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes increased 3.4 percent, and total sales of chewing tobacco rose 18.0 percent. During the same period, total United States population increased 5.0 percent.
If the statements above are true, which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn?

(A) United States manufacturers of tobacco products had higher profits in 1976 than in 1973.The high consumption may have been because of lowering of rates

(B) Per capita consumption of cigarettes in the United States was lower in 1976 than in 1973.Becasue the population inclreased by 5% and the consumption increased only by 3.4%

(C) The proportion of nonsmokers in the United States population dropped slightly between 1973 and 1976.it increased

(D) United States manufacturers of tobacco products realize a lower profit on cigarettes than on chewing tobacco.Profit margins are not mentioned so cannot conclude

(E) A large percentage of United States smokers switched from cigarettes to chewing tobacco between 1973 and 1976. no such inference in the argument.

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Re: From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2017, 21:14
well, this question is quite benign because it does not try to break down the will of test takers.
This question turns out to be nothing other than a normal data sufficient problem in quantitative section.
B is the answer because the increase in percentage of consumption is lower than the increase of the population.

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Re: From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2017, 03:16
chunjuwu wrote:
From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes increased 3.4 percent, and total sales of chewing tobacco rose 18.0 percent. During the same period, total United States population increased 5.0 percent.
If the statements above are true, which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn?

(A) United States manufacturers of tobacco products had higher profits in 1976 than in 1973.

(B) Per capita consumption of cigarettes in the United States was lower in 1976 than in 1973.

(C) The proportion of nonsmokers in the United States population dropped slightly between 1973 and 1976.

(D) United States manufacturers of tobacco products realize a lower profit on cigarettes than on chewing tobacco.

(E) A large percentage of United States smokers switched from cigarettes to chewing tobacco between 1973 and 1976.

please reason it. Thank you .


1973 1976

Cigrattes increased by 3.4 %

Chewing increased by 18%
Tobacco

Population increased by 5%

(A) United States manufacturers of tobacco products had higher profits in 1976 than in 1973.
We only know about sales from of tobacco and cigrattes and not about profit. The profit might reduce if there is discount given in the price. So INCORRECT.

(B) Per capita consumption of cigarettes in the United States was lower in 1976 than in 1973.
Cigarettes sales has increased by 3.4% so it has become 1.034 S and population increased by 5%, so it has become 1.05%. So per capita consumption has

(C) The proportion of nonsmokers in the United States population dropped slightly between 1973 and 1976.
according to per capita consumption of cigarettes, proportion of non smokers in the US has increased.

(D)United States manufacturers of tobacco products realize a lower profit on cigarettes than on chewing tobacco.
There is no description of profits given in the argument.Only details of the sales is given in the argument.

(E) A large percentage of United States smokers switched from cigarettes to chewing tobacco between 1973 and 1976.
There is no such evidence given in the argument. The percentage decrease in the no of cigarette can only show that the difference amount of percentage has left smoking.
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From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2017, 06:08
chunjuwu wrote:
From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes increased 3.4 percent, and total sales of chewing tobacco rose 18.0 percent. During the same period, total United States population increased 5.0 percent.

If the statements above are true, which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn?

(A) United States manufacturers of tobacco products had higher profits in 1976 than in 1973.

(B) Per capita consumption of cigarettes in the United States was lower in 1976 than in 1973.

(C) The proportion of nonsmokers in the United States population dropped slightly between 1973 and 1976.

(D) United States manufacturers of tobacco products realize a lower profit on cigarettes than on chewing tobacco.

(E) A large percentage of United States smokers switched from cigarettes to chewing tobacco between 1973 and 1976.


1973

Consumption = x
Population = p
Consumption/Population = x/p

1976

Consumption = 1.034x
Population = 1.05p
COnsumption/Population = (1.034x/1.05p) = 0.9848*(x/p)

Answer : B
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