GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

 It is currently 06 Apr 2020, 08:10

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Director
Joined: 26 Apr 2004
Posts: 685
Location: Taiwan
From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 01 Oct 2017, 04:52
5
36
00:00

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

69% (01:35) correct 31% (01:48) wrong based on 1343 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes increased 3.4 percent, and total sales of chewing tobacco rose 18.0 percent. During the same period, total United States population increased 5.0 percent.

If the statements above are true, which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn?

(A) United States manufacturers of tobacco products had higher profits in 1976 than in 1973.

(B) Per capita consumption of cigarettes in the United States was lower in 1976 than in 1973.

(C) The proportion of nonsmokers in the United States population dropped slightly between 1973 and 1976.

(D) United States manufacturers of tobacco products realize a lower profit on cigarettes than on chewing tobacco.

(E) A large percentage of United States smokers switched from cigarettes to chewing tobacco between 1973 and 1976.

Originally posted by chunjuwu on 15 Dec 2004, 09:45.
Last edited by hazelnut on 01 Oct 2017, 04:52, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
Director
Joined: 04 Sep 2015
Posts: 636
Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 May 2017, 14:23
2
3
From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes increased 3.4 percent, and total sales of chewing tobacco rose 18.0 percent. During the same period, total United States population increased 5.0 percent.
If the statements above are true, which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn?

(A) United States manufacturers of tobacco products had higher profits in 1976 than in 1973.The high consumption may have been because of lowering of rates

(B) Per capita consumption of cigarettes in the United States was lower in 1976 than in 1973.Becasue the population inclreased by 5% and the consumption increased only by 3.4%

(C) The proportion of nonsmokers in the United States population dropped slightly between 1973 and 1976.it increased

(D) United States manufacturers of tobacco products realize a lower profit on cigarettes than on chewing tobacco.Profit margins are not mentioned so cannot conclude

(E) A large percentage of United States smokers switched from cigarettes to chewing tobacco between 1973 and 1976. no such inference in the argument.
##### General Discussion
Director
Joined: 18 Nov 2004
Posts: 957
Re: From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Dec 2004, 22:03
4
"B" is the right answer. Ques states that consumption grew not number of smokers. So say in 1973 there were 100 ppl in US with total cig consumption of 20 (per capita cons = 20/100). Now say cons rises by 5% that it becomes 21 but the population grew by 10% i.e it becomes 110
( per capita cons = 21/110). Now you see that per capita consumtion has decreased, per capita means consumption per person and not only smokers, ques doesn't say anything abt smokers and non smokers it is abt total population
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 10248
Location: Pune, India
Re: From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Feb 2019, 23:26
4
mallya12 wrote:

Please explain why option C is wrong? If the percentage of smokers increased by 3.4% and the population increased by only 5%. Shouldn't the proportion of non-smokers decrease??
Let X% be smokers in 1973. In 1976 its x+3.4. There is a decrease in nonsmokers by 3.4%.

Could you please clarify my doubt.

Note that the data we have is about consumption of cigarettes. It increased by 3.4%. Did it increase because more people started smoking? Or did it increase because previous smokers started smoking more? No idea. It is also possible that number of smokers has actually decreased but that smaller number has started smoking much more. Consumption of cigarettes doesn't tell us anything about the number of people smoking.
Population increased by 5%.

Can I say proportion of smokers has increased? No. It may have decreased. It may have been same or it may have increased. Hence (C) may not be true.
_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Manager
Joined: 30 Oct 2004
Posts: 94
Re: From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Dec 2004, 14:49
2
1
"From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes increased 3.4 percent, and total sales of chewing tobacco rose 18.0 percent. During the same period, total United States population increased 5.0 percent.

If the statements above are true, which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn?"

First impression: Statement seems to imply that there is a correlation between increase in population and increase in consumption and sale.

(A) United States manufacturers of tobacco products had higher profits in 1976 than in 1973.

Does higher sales necessarily means higher profits? I don't think so. Maybe there were discounts.

(B) Per capita consumption of cigarettes in the United States was lower in 1976 than in 1973.

Maybe not. Perhaps more people started to use so to even out the difference.

(C) The proportion of nonsmokers in the United States population dropped slightly between 1973 and 1976.

Increase in consumption could mean more people started to smoke or the same number of people were buying more cig.

(D) United States manufacturers of tobacco products realize a lower profit on cigarettes than on chewing tobacco.

Can't infer this.

(E) A large percentage of United States smokers switched from cigarettes to chewing tobacco between 1973 and 1976.

Increase does not imply switch.

For B: Can the increase in population offset the increase in consumption of cig?

I'm not sure what the answer is. Maybe B. Of the three verbal sections, CR is the hardest for me. I have trouble with percentages type questions. Please let me know if I'm over-analyzing or looking at the wrong things.
Senior SC Moderator
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1342
Location: Malaysia
From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Oct 2017, 05:08
2
1
chunjuwu wrote:
From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes increased 3.4 percent, and total sales of chewing tobacco rose 18.0 percent. During the same period, total United States population increased 5.0 percent.

If the statements above are true, which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn?

(A) United States manufacturers of tobacco products had higher profits in 1976 than in 1973.

(B) Per capita consumption of cigarettes in the United States was lower in 1976 than in 1973.

(C) The proportion of nonsmokers in the United States population dropped slightly between 1973 and 1976.

(D) United States manufacturers of tobacco products realize a lower profit on cigarettes than on chewing tobacco.

(E) A large percentage of United States smokers switched from cigarettes to chewing tobacco between 1973 and 1976.

1973

Consumption = x
Population = p
Consumption/Population = x/p

1976

Consumption = 1.034x
Population = 1.05p
COnsumption/Population = (1.034x/1.05p) = 0.9848*(x/p)

_________________
"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

“Strength doesn’t come from what you can do. It comes from overcoming the things you once thought you couldn’t.”

"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 10248
Location: Pune, India
Re: From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Feb 2019, 23:35
2
chunjuwu wrote:
From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes increased 3.4 percent, and total sales of chewing tobacco rose 18.0 percent. During the same period, total United States population increased 5.0 percent.

If the statements above are true, which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn?

(A) United States manufacturers of tobacco products had higher profits in 1976 than in 1973.

(B) Per capita consumption of cigarettes in the United States was lower in 1976 than in 1973.

(C) The proportion of nonsmokers in the United States population dropped slightly between 1973 and 1976.

(D) United States manufacturers of tobacco products realize a lower profit on cigarettes than on chewing tobacco.

(E) A large percentage of United States smokers switched from cigarettes to chewing tobacco between 1973 and 1976.

Consumption of cigs increased 3.4%
Sales of tobacco rose 18%
Population increased 5%

(A) United States manufacturers of tobacco products had higher profits in 1976 than in 1973.
Nothing is known about the cost of production and the revenue earned. We cannot say anything about profits.

(B) Per capita consumption of cigarettes in the United States was lower in 1976 than in 1973.
True.
Per capita consumption is given by Consumption/Population.
How many people actually smoke is not the concern.

Per capita consumption in 1973 = C/P

Per capita consumption in 1976 = C(1 + 3.4/100) / P(1 + 5/100) = .985 * (C/P)

So per capita consumption in 1976 is less than per capita consumption is 1973.

(C) The proportion of nonsmokers in the United States population dropped slightly between 1973 and 1976.

As we said before, we cannot find the proportion of actual smokers/non smokers.

(D) United States manufacturers of tobacco products realize a lower profit on cigarettes than on chewing tobacco.

Again, we need the cost of production and revenue to talk about profits.

(E) A large percentage of United States smokers switched from cigarettes to chewing tobacco between 1973 and 1976.

We cannot establish this. Whether number of smokers increased/decreased we don't know. Same goes for number of tobacco chewers.

_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Senior Manager
Joined: 25 Jan 2004
Posts: 390
Location: Milwaukee
Re: From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Dec 2004, 17:01
1
1
chunjuwu wrote:
could anybody reason it?

thanks

this employs a linear logic

population grew by 5 %
smokers grew by 3.6 %

per capita smokers, that is # of smokers/# of people

is less in 1976 than in 1973

Hence B
Manager
Joined: 05 Dec 2016
Posts: 230
Concentration: Strategy, Finance
GMAT 1: 620 Q46 V29
Re: From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 May 2017, 06:21
1
A) New information presented about profits - Eliminate
B) Correct
C) New information about non-smokers presented - Eliminate. Even if true it doesn't exclude the possibility that smokers consume chewing tobacco as well.
D) Again new info about profit = Eliminate
E) Again new information touching the breakdown of consumption structure - Eliminate.

Given that GMAT sets a specific constraints on all answer choices in Must Be True questions that anything derived from the passage ought to be within the information provided answer B is the only choice that can be logically feasible.
Director
Joined: 13 Mar 2017
Posts: 718
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.8
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Re: From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Jul 2017, 02:16
1
1
chunjuwu wrote:
From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes increased 3.4 percent, and total sales of chewing tobacco rose 18.0 percent. During the same period, total United States population increased 5.0 percent.
If the statements above are true, which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn?

(A) United States manufacturers of tobacco products had higher profits in 1976 than in 1973.

(B) Per capita consumption of cigarettes in the United States was lower in 1976 than in 1973.

(C) The proportion of nonsmokers in the United States population dropped slightly between 1973 and 1976.

(D) United States manufacturers of tobacco products realize a lower profit on cigarettes than on chewing tobacco.

(E) A large percentage of United States smokers switched from cigarettes to chewing tobacco between 1973 and 1976.

please reason it. Thank you .

1973 1976

Cigrattes increased by 3.4 %

Chewing increased by 18%
Tobacco

Population increased by 5%

(A) United States manufacturers of tobacco products had higher profits in 1976 than in 1973.
We only know about sales from of tobacco and cigrattes and not about profit. The profit might reduce if there is discount given in the price. So INCORRECT.

(B) Per capita consumption of cigarettes in the United States was lower in 1976 than in 1973.
Cigarettes sales has increased by 3.4% so it has become 1.034 S and population increased by 5%, so it has become 1.05%. So per capita consumption has

(C) The proportion of nonsmokers in the United States population dropped slightly between 1973 and 1976.
according to per capita consumption of cigarettes, proportion of non smokers in the US has increased.

(D)United States manufacturers of tobacco products realize a lower profit on cigarettes than on chewing tobacco.
There is no description of profits given in the argument.Only details of the sales is given in the argument.

(E) A large percentage of United States smokers switched from cigarettes to chewing tobacco between 1973 and 1976.
There is no such evidence given in the argument. The percentage decrease in the no of cigarette can only show that the difference amount of percentage has left smoking.
VP
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 1439
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
Re: From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Jun 2017, 20:14
well, this question is quite benign because it does not try to break down the will of test takers.
This question turns out to be nothing other than a normal data sufficient problem in quantitative section.
B is the answer because the increase in percentage of consumption is lower than the increase of the population.
Manager
Joined: 03 Apr 2018
Posts: 63
Location: United Arab Emirates
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V35
GPA: 4
Re: From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Jun 2018, 00:13
WE CANNOT COMMENT ON PROFIT BECAUSE WE DON'T KNOW THE PRICE OF CIGARETTES AND TOBACCO???

IS IT?
Intern
Joined: 26 Feb 2017
Posts: 2
Re: From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Sep 2018, 00:52
Bob2018 wrote:
WE CANNOT COMMENT ON PROFIT BECAUSE WE DON'T KNOW THE PRICE OF CIGARETTES AND TOBACCO???

IS IT?

HI Bob,

As this is an inference question so answer will be based on "only" the information provided in the text. So you are correct in saying that since no profit information is provided, no profit conclusion can be derived

Posted from my mobile device
Manager
Joined: 03 Dec 2018
Posts: 164
Re: From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Feb 2019, 22:48

Please explain why option C is wrong? If the percentage of smokers increased by 3.4% and the population increased by only 5%. Shouldn't the proportion of non-smokers decrease??
Let X% be smokers in 1973. In 1976 its x+3.4. There is a decrease in nonsmokers by 3.4%.

Could you please clarify my doubt.
Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 8636
Re: From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Mar 2020, 07:43
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: From 1973 to 1976, total United States consumption of cigarettes incre   [#permalink] 28 Mar 2020, 07:43
Display posts from previous: Sort by