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From 1994 to 2001, violent crime in New York City steadily

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Re: From 1994 to 2001, violent crime in New York City steadily  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2017, 10:51
NY crime rate proportion :
in 2001 : 851 / 100,000 (more than 50% decrease)
in 1994 : 1861 / 100,000 (which represents 100%)

US crime rate proportion :
in 2001 : 500 / 100,000 (about 30% decrease)
in 1994 : 715 / 100,000 (which represents 100%)

Therefore, comparing NY to US :
in 1994 : 1881 / 100,000 > 715 / 100,000 ----------> NY > US
in 2001 : 851 / 100,000 > 500 / 100,000 ------------> NY > US

Option D is correct.

All other options cannot be inferred from the passage.
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Re: From 1994 to 2001, violent crime in New York City steadily  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 18:31
carcass wrote:
From 1994 to 2001, violent crime in New York City steadily decreased by over 50%, from a rate of 1,861 violent crimes per 100,000 people in 1994 down to 851 violent crimes per 100,000 people in 2001. Criminologists have partially attributed this drop to proactive policing tactics such as “broken window po-licing,” wherein city officials immediately fixed small acts of vandalism and, as a result, lowered other types of criminal behavior. During this same period, the rate of violent crime in the United States steadily decreased by 28% (down to 500 violent crimes per 100,000 people).


Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the information above?

(A) The decrease in the total crime rate in the United States caused the decrease in New York City’s crime rate.Careful. Based on the information provided, we could equally likely conclude that a decrease in New York's City's crime rate led to the decrease in the United States

(B) New York City spends more per capita on law enforcement than does the rest of the United States. Clearly out of scope

(C) If the rest of the United States were to adopt law enforcement tactics similar to those of New York City, national violent crime rates would
continue to fall. This is too ambitious- we don't really know this
(D) Between 1994 and 2001, the violent crime rate in New York City was consistently higher than the national average. Yes
(E) The violent crime rate in New York City will soon be below the national average.
This is too ambitious
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Re: From 1994 to 2001, violent crime in New York City steadily  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2017, 13:24
From 1994 to 2001, violent crime in New York City steadily decreased by over 50%, from a rate of 1,861 violent crimes per 100,000 people in 1994 down to 851 violent crimes per 100,000 people in 2001. Criminologists have partially attributed this drop to proactive policing tactics such as “broken window po-licing,” wherein city officials immediately fixed small acts of vandalism and, as a result, lowered other types of criminal behavior. During this same period, the rate of violent crime in the United States steadily decreased by 28% (down to 500 violent crimes per 100,000 people).

Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the information above?

(A) The decrease in the total crime rate in the United States caused the decrease in New York City’s crime rate.
We don't have any causal relationship depicted in the argument.

(B) New York City spends more per capita on law enforcement than does the rest of the United States.
We can't say this based on the passage.

(C) If the rest of the United States were to adopt law enforcement tactics similar to those of New York City, national violent crime rates would continue to fall.
We are only told about the percentage reduction in crime and nothing else.

(D) Between 1994 and 2001, the violent crime rate in New York City was consistently higher than the national average.
True. 851>500.

(E) The violent crime rate in New York City will soon be below the national average.
We can't say anything about this either.
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Re: From 1994 to 2001, violent crime in New York City steadily  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2018, 12:16
this question is not hard; test takers who practice verbal gmat a lot will recognize D as the answer without reading any other option. Nevertheless, on the actual exam, tricky questions and psychology will influence the gmat skills of test takers.

Back to the question, "decreased by 28% (down to 500 violent crimes per 100,000 people)" is the main key. That means in 2001, the national rate is 72% of that in 1994. By estimation, the national rate in 1994 is 700 (instead of 500, take 490 => 72% = 490, so 100% = 700) -> D
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Re: From 1994 to 2001, violent crime in New York City steadily  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2018, 23:28
Hi,

Can someone please explain why D is 100% true.
It is stated in the Stimulus that there is a reduction of Violent crimes from 1861 t0 851(more than 1000 reduction) in NYC. while the violent Crime during the same period is just 500 in the US.
How is it possible?

If I look at the percentage only, Option D sounds correct.
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Re: From 1994 to 2001, violent crime in New York City steadily &nbs [#permalink] 29 Jul 2018, 23:28

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