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From 1994 to 2001, violent crime in New York City steadily

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Joined: 17 Aug 2015
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Re: From 1994 to 2001, violent crime in New York City steadily [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2016, 05:07
From 1994 to 2001, violent crime in New York City steadily decreased by over 50%, from a rate of 1,861 violent crimes per 100,000 people in 1994 down to 851 violent crimes per 100,000 people in 2001. Criminologists have partially attributed this drop to proactive policing tactics such as “broken window po-licing,” wherein city officials immediately fixed small acts of vandalism and, as a result, lowered other types of criminal behavior. During this same period, the rate of violent crime in the United States steadily decreased by 28% (down to 500 violent crimes per 100,000 people).

The prompt is stating facts. The % decrease during the same time frame 1994-2001 was higher in New York than in Rest of the country, attributed by criminologists to broken window policing.

Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the information above?

(A) The decrease in the total crime rate in the United States caused the decrease in New York City’s crime rate.Highly suspect answer. This is going to cause and effect. Too strong to be justified from the passage above..

(B) New York City spends more per capita on law enforcement than does the rest of the United States.No where is this stated in the passage. How do we know if New York has do so ?

(C) If the rest of the United States were to adopt law enforcement tactics similar to those of New York City, national violent crime rates would continue to fall. How do we know if what worked in NY will work in rest of USA?..no no

(D) Between 1994 and 2001, the violent crime rate in New York City was consistently higher than the national average. There is hidden gem in the sentence if we read it carefully. In the parenthesis the passage says that by 2001 the crime rate was 500 per 100,000 people. If we do some quick math this is true, then the statement is true. :)

(E) The violent crime rate in New York City will soon be below the national average. This is taking too far. For this time frame the decrease % was higher but how do we know if it will continue to do so in future. And what is soon?

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Re: From 1994 to 2001, violent crime in New York City steadily [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2016, 11:47
The OA is correct and explanations provided in the thread appear sufficient. If there are any specific questions, please post them here and then click again on the "Request Expert Reply" button – users are requested not to click the button without posting their queries.

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Re: From 1994 to 2001, violent crime in New York City steadily [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2017, 10:51
NY crime rate proportion :
in 2001 : 851 / 100,000 (more than 50% decrease)
in 1994 : 1861 / 100,000 (which represents 100%)

US crime rate proportion :
in 2001 : 500 / 100,000 (about 30% decrease)
in 1994 : 715 / 100,000 (which represents 100%)

Therefore, comparing NY to US :
in 1994 : 1881 / 100,000 > 715 / 100,000 ----------> NY > US
in 2001 : 851 / 100,000 > 500 / 100,000 ------------> NY > US

Option D is correct.

All other options cannot be inferred from the passage.

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Re: From 1994 to 2001, violent crime in New York City steadily [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 18:31
carcass wrote:
From 1994 to 2001, violent crime in New York City steadily decreased by over 50%, from a rate of 1,861 violent crimes per 100,000 people in 1994 down to 851 violent crimes per 100,000 people in 2001. Criminologists have partially attributed this drop to proactive policing tactics such as “broken window po-licing,” wherein city officials immediately fixed small acts of vandalism and, as a result, lowered other types of criminal behavior. During this same period, the rate of violent crime in the United States steadily decreased by 28% (down to 500 violent crimes per 100,000 people).


Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the information above?

(A) The decrease in the total crime rate in the United States caused the decrease in New York City’s crime rate.Careful. Based on the information provided, we could equally likely conclude that a decrease in New York's City's crime rate led to the decrease in the United States

(B) New York City spends more per capita on law enforcement than does the rest of the United States. Clearly out of scope

(C) If the rest of the United States were to adopt law enforcement tactics similar to those of New York City, national violent crime rates would
continue to fall. This is too ambitious- we don't really know this
(D) Between 1994 and 2001, the violent crime rate in New York City was consistently higher than the national average. Yes
(E) The violent crime rate in New York City will soon be below the national average.
This is too ambitious

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Re: From 1994 to 2001, violent crime in New York City steadily [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2017, 13:24
From 1994 to 2001, violent crime in New York City steadily decreased by over 50%, from a rate of 1,861 violent crimes per 100,000 people in 1994 down to 851 violent crimes per 100,000 people in 2001. Criminologists have partially attributed this drop to proactive policing tactics such as “broken window po-licing,” wherein city officials immediately fixed small acts of vandalism and, as a result, lowered other types of criminal behavior. During this same period, the rate of violent crime in the United States steadily decreased by 28% (down to 500 violent crimes per 100,000 people).

Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the information above?

(A) The decrease in the total crime rate in the United States caused the decrease in New York City’s crime rate.
We don't have any causal relationship depicted in the argument.

(B) New York City spends more per capita on law enforcement than does the rest of the United States.
We can't say this based on the passage.

(C) If the rest of the United States were to adopt law enforcement tactics similar to those of New York City, national violent crime rates would continue to fall.
We are only told about the percentage reduction in crime and nothing else.

(D) Between 1994 and 2001, the violent crime rate in New York City was consistently higher than the national average.
True. 851>500.

(E) The violent crime rate in New York City will soon be below the national average.
We can't say anything about this either.

Kudos [?]: 100 [0], given: 115

Re: From 1994 to 2001, violent crime in New York City steadily   [#permalink] 17 Aug 2017, 13:24

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From 1994 to 2001, violent crime in New York City steadily

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