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From 2005 to 2009, over 80% of graduates from Zenith University were

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From 2005 to 2009, over 80% of graduates from Zenith University were  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2015, 05:47
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From 2005 to 2009, over 80% of graduates from Zenith University were able to secure employment within their first six weeks of graduation. Prospective engineering students should therefore choose Zenith University, if they want to be employed within six weeks of graduating.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument?

A) The economy has been doing well, though analysts forecast that there will be a recession that could last for as long as five years.
B) Since 2005, the number of jobs for engineers has not significantly decreased.
C) Many Zenith University students who were not able to secure employment within six weeks often found jobs soon after.
D) Compared to all other degrees conferred by Zenith University, engineering degrees were the most likely to result in employment within six weeks.
E) Some who earned a humanities degree were not employed six months after graduating from Zenith University.

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Re: From 2005 to 2009, over 80% of graduates from Zenith University were  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2015, 06:41
Harley1980 wrote:
From 2005 to 2009, over 80% of graduates from Zenith University were able to secure employment within their first six weeks of graduation. Prospective engineering students should therefore choose Zenith University, if they want to be employed within six weeks of graduating.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument?

A) The economy has been doing well, though analysts forecast that there will be a recession that could last for as long as five years.
B) Since 2005, the number of jobs for engineers has not significantly decreased.
C) Many Zenith University students who were not able to secure employment within six weeks often found jobs soon after.
D) Compared to all other degrees conferred by Zenith University, engineering degrees were the most likely to result in employment within six weeks.
E) Some who earned a humanities degree were not employed six months after graduating from Zenith University.


Hi Harley,

Could you please explain what is wrong with B? Also, D just restates the arguments which does not help.
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Re: From 2005 to 2009, over 80% of graduates from Zenith University were  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2015, 06:44
Harley1980 wrote:
From 2005 to 2009, over 80% of graduates from Zenith University were able to secure employment within their first six weeks of graduation. Prospective engineering students should therefore choose Zenith University, if they want to be employed within six weeks of graduating.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument?

A) The economy has been doing well, though analysts forecast that there will be a recession that could last for as long as five years.
B) Since 2005, the number of jobs for engineers has not significantly decreased.
C) Many Zenith University students who were not able to secure employment within six weeks often found jobs soon after.
D) Compared to all other degrees conferred by Zenith University, engineering degrees were the most likely to result in employment within six weeks.
E) Some who earned a humanities degree were not employed six months after graduating from Zenith University.



can anyone explain to me the nuances of option B & D??
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Re: From 2005 to 2009, over 80% of graduates from Zenith University were  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2015, 07:35
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grr8pe wrote:
Harley1980 wrote:
From 2005 to 2009, over 80% of graduates from Zenith University were able to secure employment within their first six weeks of graduation. Prospective engineering students should therefore choose Zenith University, if they want to be employed within six weeks of graduating.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument?

A) The economy has been doing well, though analysts forecast that there will be a recession that could last for as long as five years.
B) Since 2005, the number of jobs for engineers has not significantly decreased.
C) Many Zenith University students who were not able to secure employment within six weeks often found jobs soon after.
D) Compared to all other degrees conferred by Zenith University, engineering degrees were the most likely to result in employment within six weeks.
E) Some who earned a humanities degree were not employed six months after graduating from Zenith University.



can anyone explain to me the nuances of option B & D??


Hello grr8pe

Conclusion: Prospective engineering students should therefore choose Zenith University, if they want to be employed within six weeks of graduating. [because]
Premise: From 2005 to 2009, over 80% of graduates from Zenith University were able to secure employment within their first six weeks of graduation.

Premise was about any students of Zenith and conclusion about engineering. So we should find information that will strength this link.

B says that number of jobs for engineers has not declined. This is more looks like assumption but it is not really strength conclusion.

D syas that "Compared to all other degrees conferred by Zenith University, engineering degrees were the most likely to result in employment within six weeks."
So we can infer that engineers from Zenith have a more than 80% success rate in employment and this strength the conclusion and explain why engineer students should go to this University
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Re: From 2005 to 2009, over 80% of graduates from Zenith University were  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2016, 13:19
grr8pe wrote:
Harley1980 wrote:
From 2005 to 2009, over 80% of graduates from Zenith University were able to secure employment within their first six weeks of graduation. Prospective engineering students should therefore choose Zenith University, if they want to be employed within six weeks of graduating.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument?

A) The economy has been doing well, though analysts forecast that there will be a recession that could last for as long as five years.
B) Since 2005, the number of jobs for engineers has not significantly decreased.
C) Many Zenith University students who were not able to secure employment within six weeks often found jobs soon after.
D) Compared to all other degrees conferred by Zenith University, engineering degrees were the most likely to result in employment within six weeks.
E) Some who earned a humanities degree were not employed six months after graduating from Zenith University.



can anyone explain to me the nuances of option B & D??


In this argument the author makes an assumption that students with engineering degree either compromise a large part of this 80% or have a high chances to be hired. If this is not true then argument is weakened. In B author talks about number of jobs but this number has nothing to do with probability of being hired. For example, imagine that only 1 position in job market is for engineer. Whereas in D argument states that yes engineering degrees were the most likely to find a job
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Re: From 2005 to 2009, over 80% of graduates from Zenith University were  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2017, 20:34
I selected B as it is an assumption and assumption is also a strengthener. But still its a wrong answer. Can someone explain.
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Re: From 2005 to 2009, over 80% of graduates from Zenith University were  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2017, 23:47
ankujgupta wrote:
I selected B as it is an assumption and assumption is also a strengthener. But still its a wrong answer. Can someone explain.


No, option B is not an assumption.

The conclusion is about CHOOSING Zenith, not getting a job after graduation - Getting a job is the premise. The argument is: Since Zenith graduation results in getting a job, prospective engineering students should choose Zenith.

Option B: If number of jobs decrease overall, the students would still be wise to choose Zenith (if Zenith has the highest likelihood of employment as given in option D, even in the shrinked job market). So, how many jobs are available in the market does not help determine whether one should choose Zenith or not.

Hence option B is wrong.
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Re: From 2005 to 2009, over 80% of graduates from Zenith University were  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2017, 00:43
sayantanc2k wrote:
ankujgupta wrote:
I selected B as it is an assumption and assumption is also a strengthener. But still its a wrong answer. Can someone explain.


No, option B is not an assumption.

The conclusion is about CHOOSING Zenith, not getting a job after graduation - Getting a job is the premise. The argument is: Since Zenith graduation results in getting a job, prospective engineering students should choose Zenith.

Option B: If number of jobs decrease overall, the students would still be wise to choose Zenith (if Zenith has the highest likelihood of employment as given in option D, even in the shrinked job market). So, how many jobs are available in the market does not help determine whether one should choose Zenith or not.

Hence option B is wrong.

sayantanc2k I got why B is wrong. But still I am not convinced as to why D is the answer, it is more concerned that engineering degree is the best employment provider at Zenith
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Re: From 2005 to 2009, over 80% of graduates from Zenith University were  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2017, 00:59
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ankujgupta wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
ankujgupta wrote:
I selected B as it is an assumption and assumption is also a strengthener. But still its a wrong answer. Can someone explain.


No, option B is not an assumption.

The conclusion is about CHOOSING Zenith, not getting a job after graduation - Getting a job is the premise. The argument is: Since Zenith graduation results in getting a job, prospective engineering students should choose Zenith.

Option B: If number of jobs decrease overall, the students would still be wise to choose Zenith (if Zenith has the highest likelihood of employment as given in option D, even in the shrinked job market). So, how many jobs are available in the market does not help determine whether one should choose Zenith or not.

Hence option B is wrong.

sayantanc2k I got why B is wrong. But still I am not convinced as to why D is the answer, it is more concerned that engineering degree is the best employment provider at Zenith


I understand your concern. The question would be better if the first sentence read "80% of ENGINEERING graduates" rather than "80% of graduates". The question would even be better if the option D read: " Compared to all other engineering degrees , engineering degrees conferred by Zenith University..." instead of "Compared to all other degrees conferred by Zenith University, engineering degrees .."
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Re: From 2005 to 2009, over 80% of graduates from Zenith University were  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2017, 14:46
From 2005 to 2009, over 80% of graduates from Zenith University were able to secure employment within their first six weeks of graduation. Prospective engineering students should therefore choose Zenith University, if they want to be employed within six weeks of graduating.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument?

A) The economy has been doing well, though analysts forecast that there will be a recession that could last for as long as five years.
out of scope
B) Since 2005, the number of jobs for engineers has not significantly decreased.
strenghtnes the argument but we have a better answer as D
C) Many Zenith University students who were not able to secure employment within six weeks often found jobs soon after.
out of scope.
D) Compared to all other degrees conferred by Zenith University, engineering degrees were the most likely to result in employment within six weeks.
Most relevant answer as the choice spesifically states that most engineering student got jobs within 6 weeks and therfore strengthens the arument the most.
E) Some who earned a humanities degree were not employed six months after graduating from Zenith University.
This choice strenthens the possibilty that the streams other than humanities were more likely to get jobs within 6 weeks but doen not specifically point to the engineering stream therfore a weaker answer.
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Re: From 2005 to 2009, over 80% of graduates from Zenith University were  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2018, 23:15

Official Explanation


The credited answer is (D). On average, all Zenith grads are successful in landing jobs. If engineering students at Zenith are the most successful, this means the percent of them hired in the first six weeks would be higher than 80%. Very impressive! Imagine a program, graduating from which one might have, say, a 90% chance of landing a job in six weeks! This enormously strengthens the argument.

Choice (A) doesn't sound hopeful. If there's a recession coming, then perhaps job prospects will be bleak for everyone. It's not clear how this would strengthen the argument. Choice (A) is incorrect.

If jobs in engineering had wildly increased, that might be a strengthener. The fact that they declined, but not too much --- it's hard to call that a strengthener. It's not clear how this face would make someone confident of landing a job in engineering. Choice (B) is incorrect.

Choice (C) is vaguely a strengthener, but if many of the last 20%, from all programs, found jobs soon after the first six weeks, that begs the question: what's special about engineering? Why would the engineering program be in any way special or significant? This choice fails to identify anything singularly meaningful about the engineering program, and so it mystifies us why the conclusion focuses on this one program. Choice (C) is incorrect.

Choice (E) suggests, not surprisingly, that humanities is not the most promising route for instant employment. Even if this is true, why engineering more than any other science or technical field? Why Zenith over any other university? This leaves too much unclear. Choice (E) is incorrect.
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From 2005 to 2009, over 80% of graduates from Zenith University were  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2019, 12:42
Harley1980 wrote:
From 2005 to 2009, over 80% of graduates from Zenith University were able to secure employment within their first six weeks of graduation. Prospective engineering students should therefore choose Zenith University, if they want to be employed within six weeks of graduating.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument?

A) The economy has been doing well, though analysts forecast that there will be a recession that could last for as long as five years.
B) Since 2005, the number of jobs for engineers has not significantly decreased.
C) Many Zenith University students who were not able to secure employment within six weeks often found jobs soon after.
D) Compared to all other degrees conferred by Zenith University, engineering degrees were the most likely to result in employment within six weeks.
E) Some who earned a humanities degree were not employed six months after graduating from Zenith University.




This is the case where from general information (information about all the graduates from every degree) the author draws a conclusion about a specific case, the engineers.

Now the big Question is " Do engineers, mostly, fall in the category of those lucky 80% of graduates?
What if engineers graduates are the unlucky 20%?

So the assumption here is that graduates from the engineering field are significantly part of the lucky 80%.

Our task is to strengthen this assumption by providing some NEW information.

Option A-E-C: these options are irrelevant

Option B: Even if the number of jobs for engineers has decreased there is still the possibility that most of the graduates from Zenith will find a job in the field. Let's assume that the decrease is not about entry level jobs but about senior positions. Hence incorrect
Option D: Option D clearly strengthens our assumption made before. Hence correct
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From 2005 to 2009, over 80% of graduates from Zenith University were   [#permalink] 29 Sep 2019, 12:42
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