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# From an analysis of broken pottery and statuary,

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From an analysis of broken pottery and statuary, [#permalink]

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26 May 2009, 04:03
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From an analysis of broken pottery and statuary, archaeologists have estimated that an ancient settlement in southwestern Arabia was established around 1000 B.C. However, new evidence suggests that the settlement is considerably older: tests show that a piece of building timber recently uncovered at the site is substantially older than the pottery and statuary.
Which one of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the conclusion drawn from the new evidence?
(A) The building timber bore marks suggesting that it had been salvaged from an earlier settlement.
(B) The pieces of pottery and fragments of statues that were analyzed come from several parts of the site.
(C) The tests used to determine the age of the pottery and statuary had been devised more recently than those used to determine the age of the building timber.
(D) The site has yielded many more samples of pottery and statuary than of building timber.
(E) The type of pottery found at the site is similar to a type of pottery associated with civilizations that existed before 1000 B.C
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26 May 2009, 07:34
IMO A. I use POE, although not convinced much in my answer. If I have more time, maybe I will understand more clearly

From an analysis of broken pottery and statuary, archaeologists have estimated that an ancient settlement in southwestern Arabia was established around 1000 B.C. However, new evidence suggests that the settlement is considerably older: tests show that a piece of building timber recently uncovered at the site is substantially older than the pottery and statuary.
Which one of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the conclusion drawn from the new evidence?
(A) The building timber bore marks suggesting that it had been salvaged from an earlier settlement --> the best
(B) The pieces of pottery and fragments of statues that were analyzed come from several parts of the site -->irrelevant
(C) The tests used to determine the age of the pottery and statuary had been devised more recently than those used to determine the age of the building timber -->irrelevant
(D) The site has yielded many more samples of pottery and statuary than of building timber -->irrelevant
(E) The type of pottery found at the site is similar to a type of pottery associated with civilizations that existed before 1000 B.C --> irrelevant and seems strengthen
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26 May 2009, 08:37
imo A

All other choice relates to either pottery or tests .
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26 May 2009, 20:16
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26 May 2009, 20:31
sondenso wrote:

I think C will require a few far fetched assumptions - just because one is devised more recently than the other doesn't mean that the original one gives incorrect results

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27 May 2009, 10:39
I second for C....Any observations?
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27 May 2009, 13:16
A
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27 May 2009, 13:36
has to be A.

The key words here are "most seriously" undermines, C does weaken, but A weakens more. If the timber were salvaged from another village, then it would indeed be older than the pottery, undermining the conclusion that the village must be older than originally thought.

C calls into question the validity of the tests, but just raises doubts, does weaken the argument but not "undermine" it. A is best.
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27 May 2009, 20:55
OA is A
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28 May 2009, 02:34
Argument is as follows:

Site was always considered so old, but this piece of timer was found there that is much older.

The big assumption is that this piece of timber was placed there during that time frame.

Show that the timer was NOT there during that time frame-- ie if it was salvaged, and then placed there at a later period in time.

A) does this.

The rest of the answers do nothing.
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13 Mar 2010, 13:53
1
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My side is A
Re: Pottery   [#permalink] 13 Mar 2010, 13:53
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