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# From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the

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From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink]

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20 May 2008, 19:23
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96. From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the cranium, located in the back of the skull, come what scientists know about dinosaur brains.

A. From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the cranium, located in the back of the skull, come what scientists know about dinosaur brains.
B. The knowledge of dinosaur brains that scientists have come from studies of the bony house of the brain, located in the back of the skull, that is, the cranium
C. The knowledge that scientists know about dinosaur brains comes from studies of the bony house of the brain, which is located in the back of the skull and is called the cranium
D. What scientists know about dinosaur brains comes from studies of the cranium, the bony house of the brain located in the back of the skull
E. Located in the back of the skull is the cranium, the bony house of the brain, and it is from studies of this that scientists know what they know about dinosaur brains
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink]

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20 May 2008, 20:00
Answer is D = or is it C. I'm inclining towards D

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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2010, 12:35
one vote for D.. it solves modifier issues

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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2010, 14:03
C is wrong.

Knowledge that scientists know is completely redundant. Knowledge that scientists have, maybe.
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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2010, 11:30
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Lots of modifier issues going on here to make up one awkward honker of a sentence.

"Which" is one of those "red flag" words for me on SC questions-- as soon as I see it, I check to make sure it's being used correctly...often it's not. Remember that ", which" should be immediately preceded by the thing that is being modified. In this case, "the cranium" clearly is intended to refer to the "bony house of the brain." You might make an argument for "of the brain" being a necessary modifier to the meaning of "bony house," but as currently written the pronoun could be referring to the brain itself--at best we're in muddy waters. This construction is doubly awkward because the phrase is followed by *another* modifier --"located in the back of the skull." Yuck.

Choices B and C, both of which begin with "The knowledge," have different verbs -- "come" versus "comes." "The knowledge" is singular, so lose B. "The knowledge that scientists KNOW" is redundant so C's out too.

Not only is E wordier than D, it also uses the relative pronoun "this" without something attached to to it. The GMAT doesn't like "this" or "that" floating around unattached (though we use both terms this way all the time in real life)--E is out. D is what's left standing: the phrases explaining what the cranium is and where it is located are merged into one nice clean modifier and placed immediately after the word "cranium."
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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2011, 17:37
D Modifier - bony house modifies Cranium... yeaahhhh GMAT here we come!

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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2011, 19:51
+1 for D.

Good explanation by parker.

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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2011, 05:41
sondenso wrote:
96. From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the cranium, located in the back of the skull, come what scientists know about dinosaur brains.

A. From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the cranium, located in the back of the skull, come what scientists know about dinosaur brains.
B. The knowledge of dinosaur brains that scientists have come from studies of the bony house of the brain, located in the back of the skull, that is, the cranium
C. The knowledge that scientists know about dinosaur brains comes from studies of the bony house of the brain, which is located in the back of the skull and is called the cranium
D. What scientists know about dinosaur brains comes from studies of the cranium, the bony house of the brain located in the back of the skull
E. Located in the back of the skull is the cranium, the bony house of the brain, and it is from studies of this that scientists know what they know about dinosaur brains

D - should be the OA

A - Awkward original sentence
B - dangling modfiers
C - "knowledge that scientists know" reptition
E - "and it is from studies of this that" - lot of dangling pronouns.
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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2011, 02:08
sondenso wrote:
96. From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the cranium, located in the back of the skull, come what scientists know about dinosaur brains.

A. From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the cranium, located in the back of the skull, come what scientists know about dinosaur brains.
B. The knowledge of dinosaur brains that scientists have come from studies of the bony house of the brain, located in the back of the skull, that is, the cranium
C. The knowledge that scientists know about dinosaur brains comes from studies of the bony house of the brain, which is located in the back of the skull and is called the cranium
D. What scientists know about dinosaur brains comes from studies of the cranium, the bony house of the brain located in the back of the skull
E. Located in the back of the skull is the cranium, the bony house of the brain, and it is from studies of this that scientists know what they know about dinosaur brains

D corrects all modifier issues.

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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2011, 06:50
D or C,
Knowledge .. Knows ---> C goind

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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2011, 07:14
IMO-D,

Can someone confirm the OA?

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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2011, 08:43
The noun modifier "the bony house of the brain located in the back of the skull" is correctly used in D.

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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2011, 18:21
D ... although i think it begins in an awkward manner starting with "what". but it is the only one that makes sense all the way through.
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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2014, 22:05
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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2015, 00:03
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2017, 01:53
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2017, 14:30
test takers should understand the meaning of the whole sentence in order to pick up a right answer.
Here, C sounds plausible but C is incorrect. Indeed, C is built as a good trap.

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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2017, 04:27
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The original sentence is indeed inverted, with the main verb preceding the main subject.
A: From studies...come what scientists know.
Here, the subject of come (plural) is what scientists know (singular).
If we reorder the sentence, we get:
What scientists know come from studies.
Since the subject (what scientists know) is singular, while the verb (come) is plural, eliminate A.

Choice B – This choice has three errors as noted below.
Redundant – “knowledge that scientists know” is redundant expression
Punctuation error – “that is, the cranium” = The verb is unnecessarily separated from the object by comma
Modifier “that is, the cranium” distorts the intended meaning = Per the original sentence, cranium is the bony house of brain. However per this choice, cranium is the back of the skull. This is because “that” refers to ‘back of the skull’.

Choice C – This choice has SV number disagreement error. The SV pair – “knowledge-come” does not agree in number.
come (plural) does not agree with the knowledge that scientists have (singular).

Choice D – No Errors

Choice E – This choice has three errors as noted below.
Redundant – “know what they know” is redundant expression
Wordy & Awkward construction – “it is from studies of this that…”
Pronoun – This is used as a pronoun to refer to cranium. We cannot use “this” in this role without adding a noun after it for example, “this part” would have been correct in the context of this sentence.
Thus, choice D is the correct answer.
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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2017, 07:09
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96. From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the cranium, located in the back of the skull, come what scientists know about dinosaur brains.

A. From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the cranium, located in the back of the skull, come what scientists know about dinosaur brains. --- The topic is all about the cranium. It is not appropriate to put the cranium is a parenthesis.

B. The knowledge of dinosaur brains that scientists have come from studies of the bony house of the brain, located in the back of the skull, that is, the cranium -- Let's us be careful about parsing the sentence. It nearly looks as though the scientists have come from the dinosaur brains. Even so, the SV error is too glaring with the singular knowledge verbed by a plural 'come'. The all-important cranium is dumped at the end of the sentence

C. The knowledge that scientists know about dinosaur brains comes from studies of the bony house of the brain, which is located in the back of the skull and is called the cranium-- The obvious redundancy of 'the knowledge that scientists know'; the all important cranium is dumped at the end of the sentence

D. What scientists know about dinosaur brains comes from studies of the cranium, the bony house of the brain located in the back of the skull -- proper modification of the cranium.

E. Located in the back of the skull is the cranium, the bony house of the brain, and it is from studies of this that scientists know what they know about dinosaur brains ---that scientists know what they know- blatant redundancy

The first point is that the word cranium and its modifier 'the bony house should' be placed close enough. Only D does that religiously without indulging in any other error. One can pick D at first sight.
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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2017, 14:09
A, B , all have wrong structure. E is not clear. C is wrong b/c of 'which'
D is left.

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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the   [#permalink] 04 Sep 2017, 14:09
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