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# Gall's hypothesis of there being different mental functions

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Gall's hypothesis of there being different mental functions [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2007, 06:10
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Gall's hypothesis of there being different mental functions localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today.

(B) of different mental functions that are localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today
(C) that different mental functions are localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today

What reason can you give for eliminating any option??
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by younggun044 on 23 Sep 2007, 07:28, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Gall's hypothesis of there being different mental functions [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2013, 08:24
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roopika2990 wrote:
Hi... Can you explain your reason for eliminating B??

Hi roopika2990,

Gall's hypothesis of there being different mental functions localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today.

(B) of different mental functions that are localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today
(C) that different mental functions are localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today

The original sentence talks about Gall’s hypothesis. What is this hypothesis?
Hypothesis = different mental functions are localized in different parts of the brain. His hypothesis is not of different mental functions. His hypothesis is about mental functions and the sentence clearly spells out that hypothesis.

Choice B states that Gall’s hypothesis is of different mental functions. This is not the intended meaning. This makes choice B incorrect.

Choice C correctly and clearly conveys the intended meaning. It spells out what the hypothesis is, and hence is correct.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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07 May 2010, 09:12
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both are correct

(1) hypothesis that - A scientific hypothesis that survives experimental testing becomes a scientific theory

(2) hypothesize that - Researchers hypothesized that fatty acids are an important mediator in the development of obesity.

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23 Sep 2007, 07:54
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younggun044 wrote:
dwivedys wrote:
younggun044 wrote:
Gall's hypothesis of there being different mental functions localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today.

(B) of different mental functions that are localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today
(C) that different mental functions are localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today

What reason can you give for eliminating any option??

Hypothesis of is unidiomatic. Hypothesis of there being is wordy.

C stands; hypothesis that is idiomatic. Also, hypotheis is singular so "is widely accepted today" conforms to SV agreement as well.

well i beg to differ hypothesis is not unidiomatic.Reason given by OG to eliminate this choice is different....

"of different mental functions does not convey Gall's point about those functions" cudn't make it out what does it mean.

I did not say hypothesis was unidiomatic. I said "hypothesis of" is unidiomatic.

OG is pointing to the LOGICAL element involved in the sentence. Without the relative THAT (in choice B) -- Gall's hypothesis of there being different mental functions localized etc.. means that the hypothesis pertained to different mental functions that were localized... but that's obviously NOT the point; the mental functions were NOT already existing. It was Gall's hypothesis that they DID; you can't hypothesize something that already exists.

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23 Sep 2007, 07:00
younggun044 wrote:
Gall's hypothesis of there being different mental functions localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today.

(B) of different mental functions that are localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today
(C) that different mental functions are localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today

What reason can you give for eliminating any option??

Hypothesis of is unidiomatic. Hypothesis of there being is wordy.

C stands; hypothesis that is idiomatic. Also, hypotheis is singular so "is widely accepted today" conforms to SV agreement as well.

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23 Sep 2007, 07:33
dwivedys wrote:
younggun044 wrote:
Gall's hypothesis of there being different mental functions localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today.

(B) of different mental functions that are localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today
(C) that different mental functions are localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today

What reason can you give for eliminating any option??

Hypothesis of is unidiomatic. Hypothesis of there being is wordy.

C stands; hypothesis that is idiomatic. Also, hypotheis is singular so "is widely accepted today" conforms to SV agreement as well.

well i beg to differ hypothesis is not unidiomatic.Reason given by OG to eliminate this choice is different....

"of different mental functions does not convey Gall's point about those functions" cudn't make it out what does it mean.

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23 Sep 2007, 17:55
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B seems to say that Galls hypothesis is only about different body functions...

B changes the meaning

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01 Jun 2009, 23:52
another question,

C--"are localized" is a passive verb. if use "that different mental functions localized" is that right? Why?

Thanks!

I puzzled...

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07 May 2010, 00:14
Hi all,

Please tell which of the following is/are correct:
1. hypothesis that
2. hypothesize that
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07 May 2010, 11:02
Seekmba,

These examples are good. Can you please explain the respective usage of both types?
I mean when the two are used (under what circumstances).

seekmba wrote:
both are correct

(1) hypothesis that - A scientific hypothesis that survives experimental testing becomes a scientific theory

(2) hypothesize that - Researchers hypothesized that fatty acids are an important mediator in the development of obesity.

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07 May 2010, 12:26
yakiim, i have general idea of their meaning and usage. Will try my best to answer your question.

hypothesis is a noun. the synonyms of 'hypothesis' are theory, possibility, supposition, speculation

hypothesize is a verb. the synonyms of 'hypothesize' are speculate, suppose, theorize

for example,

The scientists hypothesize (verb) that this medication will have a significant effect on cancer. They now need to test their hypothesis (noun) to see if they are right.

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Re: Gall's hypothesis of there being different mental functions [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2012, 15:16
The reason I would separate answer B from C:

There are essentially 2 things that we want to say about Gall's hypothesis:

1. What is his hypothesis? Different mental function are localized in different parts of the brain.
2. What is its current state? It is widely accepted today.

The trick is to clearly illustrate these 2 thoughts in one sentence without creating confusion. I think that the best way to do this is to set off a relative clause using the pronoun "that."

Gall's hypothesis [highlight]THAT different mental functions are localized in different parts of the brain[/highlight] is widely accepted today.

The correct answer, C, accurately conveys the meaning. The highlighted portion tells you what his hypothesis is and the bold portion tells you that it is widely accepted today.

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Re: Gall's hypothesis of there being different mental functions [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2012, 10:41
Option C as Option B changes the meaning

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Re: Gall's hypothesis of there being different mental functions [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2012, 09:47
a. of there being redundant and wordy
b. distorts the authors intent
c. correct
d. use of which is in correct + which .... that - redundant
e. use of which is in correct + which .... that - redundant
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Re: Gall's hypothesis of there being different mental functions [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2013, 06:39
GetThisDone wrote:
a. of there being redundant and wordy
b. distorts the authors intent
c. correct
d. use of which is in correct + which .... that - redundant
e. use of which is in correct + which .... that - redundant

Hi... Can you explain your reason for eliminating B??

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Re: Gall's hypothesis of there being different mental functions [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2014, 03:09
younggun044 wrote:
Gall's hypothesis of there being different mental functions localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today.

(B) of different mental functions that are localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today
(C) that different mental functions are localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today

What reason can you give for eliminating any option??

A hypothesis makes a qualified guess... But B suggests that a hypothesis is an explanation of something (at worst), or is something that relates to different mental functions (at best).. Either way, it's ambiguous.. C on the other hand correctly implies hypothesis is a qualified guess by giving us "that".

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Re: Gall's hypothesis of there being different mental functions [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2014, 05:05
egmat wrote:
roopika2990 wrote:
Hi... Can you explain your reason for eliminating B??

Hi roopika2990,

Gall's hypothesis of there being different mental functions localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today.

(B) of different mental functions that are localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today
(C) that different mental functions are localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today

The original sentence talks about Gall’s hypothesis. What is this hypothesis?
Hypothesis = different mental functions are localized in different parts of the brain. His hypothesis is not of different mental functions. His hypothesis is about mental functions and the sentence clearly spells out that hypothesis.

Choice B states that Gall’s hypothesis is of different mental functions. This is not the intended meaning. This makes choice B incorrect.

Choice C correctly and clearly conveys the intended meaning. It spells out what the hypothesis is, and hence is correct.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

But if we start from the meaning of the original sentence as you teach in 3 step approach:
1 - the original sentence "Gall's hypothesis of there being different mental functions" is saying that Gall has proposed the presence of different mental functions (all scientists before had thought that there are no different functions).
2 - we have the ed-modifier giving additional details re the different functions (their placement in the brain).

So, in my opinion the original sentence A is implying that the main point is about the different functions (meaning presented in B choice), but not about their actual placement (meaning presented in C choice). Could you please address my concerns re this official question ?

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Re: Gall's hypothesis of there being different mental functions [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2015, 02:28
younggun044 wrote:
Gall's hypothesis of there being different mental functions localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today.

(B) of different mental functions that are localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today
(C) that different mental functions are localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today

What reason can you give for eliminating any option??

kindly put up the correct question with complete answer choices.

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Re: Gall's hypothesis of there being different mental functions   [#permalink] 09 Feb 2015, 02:28
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