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# Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique

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Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2013, 02:31
00:00

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5% (low)

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83% (01:05) correct 17% (01:16) wrong based on 71 sessions

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Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted despite using less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation and statistical methods that are not entirely convincing.

A. Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted despite using less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation and statistical methods that are not entirely convincing.
B. Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted despite his using statistical methods that are not entirely convincing and less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation.
C. Even though Galton used one hundred samples or less, for his initial investigation, and used statistical methods that are not entirely convincing, his claim for fingerprints that are unique is almost universally accepted.
D. Even though Galton used less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation, and used statistical methods that are not entirely convincing, his claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted.
E. Even though Galton used less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation, his claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted, despite the fact that he used statistical methods that are not entirely convincing.

OA after discussion.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by koolgmat on 12 Jul 2013, 05:00, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2013, 03:14
Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted despite using less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation and statistical methods that are not entirely convincing.
A. Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted despite using less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation and statistical methods that are not entirely convincing.
Placement of participle USING distorts the meaning of the sentence as it now means that claim was accepted after using fewer sample & inappropriate Statistical methods. Thus Incorrect

B. Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted despite his using statistical methods that are not entirely convincing and less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation.
This sentence is Fragment because no verb is present (Note USING is not a verb). Thus Incorrect

C. Even though Galton used one hundred samples or less, for his initial investigation, and used statistical methods that are not entirely convincing, his claim for fingerprints that are unique is almost universally accepted.
Correct

D. Even though Galton used less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation, and used statistical methods that are not entirely convincing, his claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted.
The sentence seems perfect in concision & clarity but it lacks punctuation. We can not join two independent clauses by a Comma (Error called Comma Splice). Thus Incorrect

E. Even though Galton used less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation, his claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted, despite the fact that he used statistical methods that are not entirely convincing.
The main clause is separated by Comma & works as if it is a non restrictive clause. If we remove this non restrictive clause only 2 dependent clauses will remain with out any independent clause and such a use is incorrect as per GMAT. Thus Incorrect

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Re: Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2013, 03:40
IMO the answer is D

Reason:
IMO claim for in option C is wrong

Hi, fameatop

fameatop wrote:
C. Even though Galton used one hundred samples or less, for his initial investigation, and used statistical methods that are not entirely convincing, his claim for fingerprints that are unique is almost universally accepted.
Correct

D. Even though Galton used less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation, and used statistical methods that are not entirely convincing, his claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted.
The sentence seems perfect in concision & clarity but it lacks punctuation. We can not join two independent clauses by a Comma (Error called Comma Splice). Thus Incorrect

can you explain how C is different from D with respect to joining two clauses by a comma? Thanks

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Re: Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2013, 03:58
I agree that "Claim for" is idiomatically incorrect in this context but in the light of other options i feel option C is the best among the rest although each option has one or the other errors. I recommend everyone not to focus on 1000 series questions because most of questions are debatable.

prash8429 wrote:
IMO the answer is D

Reason:
IMO claim for in option C is wrong

Hi, fameatop

fameatop wrote:
C. Even though Galton used one hundred samples or less, for his initial investigation, and used statistical methods that are not entirely convincing, his claim for fingerprints that are unique is almost universally accepted.
Correct

D. Even though Galton used less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation, and used statistical methods that are not entirely convincing, his claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted.
The sentence seems perfect in concision & clarity but it lacks punctuation. We can not join two independent clauses by a Comma (Error called Comma Splice). Thus Incorrect

can you explain how C is different from D with respect to joining two clauses by a comma? Thanks

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Re: Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2013, 01:00
fameatop wrote:
Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted despite using less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation and statistical methods that are not entirely convincing.
A. Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted despite using less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation and statistical methods that are not entirely convincing.
Placement of participle USING distorts the meaning of the sentence as it now means that claim was accepted after using fewer sample & inappropriate Statistical methods. Thus Incorrect

B. Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted despite his using statistical methods that are not entirely convincing and less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation.
This sentence is Fragment because no verb is present (Note USING is not a verb). Thus Incorrect

C. Even though Galton used one hundred samples or less, for his initial investigation, and used statistical methods that are not entirely convincing, his claim for fingerprints that are unique is almost universally accepted.
Correct

D. Even though Galton used less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation, and used statistical methods that are not entirely convincing, his claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted.
The sentence seems perfect in concision & clarity but it lacks punctuation. We can not join two independent clauses by a Comma (Error called Comma Splice). Thus Incorrect

E. Even though Galton used less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation, his claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted, despite the fact that he used statistical methods that are not entirely convincing.
The main clause is separated by Comma & works as if it is a non restrictive clause. If we remove this non restrictive clause only 2 dependent clauses will remain with out any independent clause and such a use is incorrect as per GMAT. Thus Incorrect

I agree with prash8429. D should be the correct ans.
And i think two independent clauses connected by a conjunction can be joined by a comma.

Eg: Last week my mother was ill with a cold, and my sister took charge .

Awaiting more inputs...

Regards
Sony
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Re: Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2013, 01:23
sony26 wrote:

I agree with prash8429. D should be the correct ans.
And i think two independent clauses connected by a conjunction can be joined by a comma.

Eg: Last week my mother was ill with a cold, and my sister took charge .

Awaiting more inputs...

Regards
Sony

You are perfectly right that two IC can be connected by COMMA +CONJUNCTION.....but in option D 2 IC are connected by a comma....==>conjunction is missing here...thats why it is not correct

D. Even though Galton used less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation, and used statistical methods that are not entirely convincing , his claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted.

RED highlited part is one IC and GREEN highlited part is other IC.==>they are connected by a commma only hence wrong.

hope it helps
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Re: Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2013, 08:02
koolgmat wrote:
Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted despite using less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation and statistical methods that are not entirely convincing.

A. Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted despite using less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation and statistical methods that are not entirely convincing.
B. Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted despite his using statistical methods that are not entirely convincing and less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation.
C. Even though Galton used one hundred samples or less, for his initial investigation, and used statistical methods that are not entirely convincing, his claim for fingerprints that are unique is almost universally accepted.
D. Even though Galton used less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation, and used statistical methods that are not entirely convincing, his claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted.
E. Even though Galton used less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation, his claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted, despite the fact that he used statistical methods that are not entirely convincing.

OA after discussion.

What is the source of this question?
Less is not used correctly here, it should be fewer.

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Re: Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2013, 11:52
I think that there is no problem with D, although less should not be used here ..
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Re: Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2013, 21:32
blueseas wrote:
sony26 wrote:

I agree with prash8429. D should be the correct ans.
And i think two independent clauses connected by a conjunction can be joined by a comma.

Eg: Last week my mother was ill with a cold, and my sister took charge .

Awaiting more inputs...

Regards
Sony

You are perfectly right that two IC can be connected by COMMA +CONJUNCTION.....but in option D 2 IC are connected by a comma....==>conjunction is missing here...thats why it is not correct

D. Even though Galton used less than one hundred samples for his initial investigation, and used statistical methods that are not entirely convincing , his claim that fingerprints are unique is almost universally accepted.

RED highlited part is one IC and GREEN highlited part is other IC.==>they are connected by a commma only hence wrong.

hope it helps

for the clarification

But, how can the second clause in D be IC especially when the first part of the sentence has "Even though"?
And with this light, i would choose option D as the correct ans.

Regards

Sony
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Re: Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique   [#permalink] 15 Jul 2013, 21:32
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# Galton’s claim that fingerprints are unique

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