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# Garbage dumps do not harm wildlife. Evidence is furnished by

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Garbage dumps do not harm wildlife. Evidence is furnished by [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2004, 04:31
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Garbage dumps do not harm wildlife. Evidence is furnished by the Masal-Mara reserve in Kenya, where baboons that use the garbage dumps on the reserve as a food source mature faster and have more offspring than do baboons on the reserve that do not scavenge on garbage. Each of the following statements, if true, casts doubt on the argument EXCEPT:

A) The baboons that feed on the garbage dump are of a different species from those that do not.

B) The life expectancy of baboons that eat garbage is significantly lower than that of baboons that do not eat garbage.

C) The cholesterol level of garbage-eating baboons is dangerously higher than that of baboons that do not eat garbage.

D) The population of hyenas that live near unregulated garbage landfills north of the reserve has doubled in the last two years.

E) The rate of birth defects for the baboon population on the reserve has doubled since the first landfills were opened.

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Director
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10 Jul 2004, 05:19
IMO.. (D)

(live near unregulated garbage landfills north of the reserve..)
No mention of eating or some defect.

(B) (C) (E) are out, since they find some problem with garbage dumps.

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10 Jul 2004, 07:47
D should be it!
All the other options are atleast related to the argument - D is totally way off!

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10 Jul 2004, 09:29
I would go with A. It was b/w A and D. (1m30)
D) If more hyenas are around garbage dumps, then it will make those areas dangerous to babboons who will not mature faster and have more offspring than do baboons on the reserve because they will be killed by hyenas. This does cast doubt on the argument
A) Even though the babboons are of another specie, they are still babboons and it does support the argument that those babboons who live near garbage dumps could mature faster
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Paul

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10 Jul 2004, 09:43
Agree..D is out of scope.

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10 Jul 2004, 11:54
Paul wrote:
I would go with A. It was b/w A and D. (1m30)
D) If more hyenas are around garbage dumps, then it will make those areas dangerous to babboons who will not mature faster and have more offspring than do baboons on the reserve because they will be killed by hyenas. This does cast doubt on the argument
A) Even though the babboons are of another specie, they are still babboons and it does support the argument that those babboons who live near garbage dumps could mature faster

Paul, your critique against D is valid and provoking, but I still go for D.

The evidence is based on baboons' feeding on garbage, their growth and other baboons who don't feed on garbage. This lead to a comparison between the same baboon species, ones who feed on garbage and ones who don't. But, if we say the later ones are of some other species, then the argument falls apart.

D says hyenas are nurturing..ah! so do baboons +ve.

anyway, hyenas hunt on grounds and baboons stay on trees ah! hyenas can kill baboons when they come to feed on garbage ... man! this is garbage.

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10 Jul 2004, 12:26
guys, the argument says: Garbage dumps do not harm wildlife
The question is: which answer does not cast doubt on that argument
A) How can the fact that the babboons are of a different specie hurt the argument? Should they be of one or the other specie, those different babboons are still part of wildlife. Hence, A does not cast doubt in the argument
Anybody else's view on this? Carsen, Oleg, ob, Bhai?
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Paul

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10 Jul 2004, 12:46
Pardon me for the late entry ....(been busy with my son). Let us look at the argument.

Author says that the garbage assists the baboons and not harm them. And also gives evidence. What we shud look for is something that supports this. (Beware with the word EXCEPT), all but the one we choose shud contribute to the author.

A) The baboons that feed on the garbage dump are of a different species from those that do not. - NOT RELEVANT.

B) The life expectancy of baboons that eat garbage is significantly lower than that of baboons that do not eat garbage. - AGAINST THE AUTHOR.

C) The cholesterol level of garbage-eating baboons is dangerously higher than that of baboons that do not eat garbage. - AGAINST THE AUTHOR.

D) The population of hyenas that live near unregulated garbage landfills north of the reserve has doubled in the last two years. - GOOD ONE IN HERE. Hence D is the answer, that contributes to the authors statement. It also provides more evidence on the author's claim, that the Hyena (mammal) population has increased. D is the best.

E) The rate of birth defects for the baboon population on the reserve has doubled since the first landfills were opened. - AGAINST THE AUTHOR

I hope this helped.
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10 Jul 2004, 13:05
Thanks Carsen. So if hyenas are part of wildlife, they would serve as an example that garbage dumps do help the growth of wildlife. I, for my part, saw hyenas as predators who would not help the growth of babboons but yes, hyenas and babboons are part of the same category: wildlife animals. I made an unwarranted assumption about hyenas killing babboons. D more directly refutes the claim and should be it then.
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Paul

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10 Jul 2004, 13:50
Hi Paul,

I haven't posted in quite a while.

We are asked to strengthen the argument which states that garbage dumps do not harm wildlife.

A casts doubt on the argument since the scavengers of a different species may be genetically better equipped to mature faster and reproduce better, regardless of whether or not they feed on the garbage dumps.

B weakens the argument because if an organismâ€™s life expectancy is low, it matures faster and is forced to produce more offspring to ensure the continuation of the species.

C shows that dumps are not that salutary.

D Bingo! It does tell us that dumps are beneficial (however odd that may sound).

E sends a strong message that dumps hurt wildlife.

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10 Jul 2004, 21:46
OA is D.

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10 Jul 2004, 21:46
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# Garbage dumps do not harm wildlife. Evidence is furnished by

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