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Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which

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Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2012, 01:02
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Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which human beings are thought to have first entered the Americans, disappeared about 14,000 years ago when massive glaciers melted and caused the sea level to rise several hundred feet worldwide.

(A) are thought to have first entered
(B) were thought first to enter
(C) were thought at first to enter
(D) are thought of as first entering
(E) were thought to first enter

I googled this question, and people say that because "believe" is present tense, "are thought" is correct.

What about "disappeard" ? It is the past tense.
I picked e to match tense with "disappeard."

Why dose the part " are thought" have to match with "believe" in terms of tense?
The Bering land bridge already disappeared, so isn't it better to pick past tense as the answer?

This kind of tense problem is so confusing to me...
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: PT #8 SC 11 Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2012, 01:21
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Use present tense to express general truth.

Darwin discovered that theory of evolution is applicable to humans as well. ( even though the disovery happened in the past, it still holds true and hence the usage of present tense.).

E also has another problem . It is missing a have = "were thought to have first entered" would be correct.

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Re: Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2013, 22:40
1
KUDOS
B - out because of wrong placement of "first"
C and D - awkward phrasing.

left with A and B

intuitively chose A, possible reasons: 1. "have entered" focuses on the result of the action
2. present tense looks better because of the wording "geologists believe". Interpreted this as generally people still think this way, although geologists believe something different which they have not proved yet.
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Re: Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2013, 23:01
Well,

According to me B,C, D gone because of wrong placement of First

Left with A and E, now E is wrong because the verb believe tells that something has happened so entered must be used instead of enter. Hence A is true.
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Re: Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2013, 20:54
A is the right answer because the geologists are thinking now in the present and not in the past. So eliminate all the options which start with were.
That leaves options A and D. D is not idiomatic ,hence A is the right option.
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Re: Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2013, 09:35
But idiomatically think of + as is correct. Then why option D is out.
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Re: Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2014, 21:55
Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which human beings are thought to have first entered the Americans, disappeared about 14,000 years ago when massive glaciers melted and caused the sea level to rise several hundred feet worldwide.

(A) are thought to have first entered - Correct
(B) were thought first to enter - universal truth , hence "were thought is wrong"
(C) were thought at first to enter - universal truth , hence "were thought is wrong"
(D) are thought of as first entering - "entering " - continuous tense is wrong as humans have already entered.
(E) were thought to first enter - universal truth , hence "were thought is wrong"
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Re: Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which [#permalink]

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04 Nov 2015, 06:26
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Re: Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2017, 19:54
but "disappeared about 14,000 years ago " can also be a genaral truth, why use the past tense?
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Re: Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2017, 00:07
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yang
Let's consider some Dictionary definitions of past tense.

A tense expressing an action that has happened or a state that previously existed.--Oxford Dictionary

a verb tense expressing action or state in or as if in the past --- Merriam- Webster

The past tense is used to describe or indicate an action that began in the past. --- The free Dictionary

Therefore, a past tense may be about a truth that happened, but it will not be called a general truth. If it were a general truth, then such things should have happened in many other places. Eternal, perpetual, or universal happenings, which need the use of present tense, shouldn't be equated with general truths. "Disappeared 14000 years ago" is a specific truth but not a general truth. Hence, past tense.
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Re: Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2017, 17:59
daagh wrote:
yang
Let's consider some Dictionary definitions of past tense.

A tense expressing an action that has happened or a state that previously existed.--Oxford Dictionary

a verb tense expressing action or state in or as if in the past --- Merriam- Webster

The past tense is used to describe or indicate an action that began in the past. --- The free Dictionary

Therefore, a past tense may be about a truth that happened, but it will not be called a general truth. If it were a general truth, then such things should have happened in many other places. Eternal, perpetual, or universal happenings, which need the use of present tense, shouldn't be equated with general truths. "Disappeared 14000 years ago" is a specific truth but not a general truth. Hence, past tense.

now i get what you mean by genaral truth~the picture is clearer~thank you~
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Re: Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2017, 22:32
Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which human beings are thought to have first entered the Americans, disappeared about 14,000 years ago when massive glaciers melted and caused the sea level to rise several hundred feet worldwide.

(A) are thought to have first entered
(B) were thought first to enter
(C) were thought at first to enter
(D) are thought of as first entering
(E) were thought to first enter

For these questions we need to divide the time line and see outside the underlined area. Geologist believe and geologist "ARE" thinking also. "And" describes the state being. That they are believing and thinking something right now that something happened in the past.
Re: Geologists believe that the Bering land bridge, over which   [#permalink] 19 Mar 2017, 22:32
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