It is currently 18 Nov 2017, 12:57

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# George Bernard Shaw wrote: " That any sane nation,

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Director
Joined: 25 Oct 2006
Posts: 634

Kudos [?]: 647 [4], given: 6

George Bernard Shaw wrote: " That any sane nation, [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Mar 2009, 04:06
4
KUDOS
13
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (01:18) correct 49% (01:39) wrong based on 530 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

George Bernard Shaw wrote: " That any sane nation, having observed that you could provide for the supply of bread by giving bakers a pecuniary interest in baking for you, should go on to give a surgeon a pecuniary interest in cutting off your leg is enough to make one despair of political humanity."

Shaw's statement would best serve as an illustration in an argument criticizing which of the following?

(A) Dentists who perform unnecessary dental work in order to earn a profit
(B) Doctors who increase their profits by specializing only in diseases that affect a large percentage of the population
(C) Grocers who raise the price of food in order to increase their profit margins
(D) Oil companies that decrease the price of their oil in order to increase their market share
(E) Bakers and surgeons who earn a profit by supplying other peoples' basic needs
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

If You're Not Living On The Edge, You're Taking Up Too Much Space

Kudos [?]: 647 [4], given: 6

Manager
Joined: 14 Aug 2009
Posts: 50

Kudos [?]: 22 [10], given: 29

Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Feb 2010, 14:07
10
KUDOS
The question hisnges on the word pecuniary which means of or pertaining to money.

“That any sane nation, having observed that you could provide for the supply of bread by giving bakers a pecuniary interest in baking for you," this means bakers will only bake bread for you if it in there money making interests. Making bread is profitable.

"should go on to give a surgeon a pecuniary interest in cutting off your leg is enough to make one despair of political humanity.” This means doctors interests in providing you medical attention is linked making them money and not becaue it is the right thing to do, so if cutting off your leg would make them more money then they would cut more legs off not because it medically necessary but becaus it is profitable, which is a sad commentary on human nature.

(B) Doctors who increase their profits by specializing only in diseases that affect a large percentage of the population - This staes the doctor is motivated by money to specialize in certain diseases but it this does not mean he is motivated to misdiagnose

(A) Dentists who perform unnecessary dental work in order to earn a profit - A goes to the heart of the matter perfoming medical procedures for the sake of profit and not medical need.

rnemani wrote:
Why is not B?
The argument here is that as bread caters to all, doctors are only speacilizing in diseases that cater to all.
I am not sure how performing unnecessary surgery goes with the criticism.

_________________

My will shall shape the future. Whether I fail or succeed shall be no man's doing but my own. I am the force; I can clear any obstacle before me or I can be lost in the maze. My choice; my responsibility; win or lose, only I hold the key to my destiny - Elaine Maxwell

Kudos [?]: 22 [10], given: 29

Manager
Joined: 26 Sep 2010
Posts: 148

Kudos [?]: 62 [3], given: 18

Nationality: Indian
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, General Management
Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Feb 2011, 18:14
3
KUDOS
Its an easy A).

The key in such convoluted questions is to not get intimidated by the language - instead try to work out the logic used. G.B.Shaw [great character btw ] made the argument criticizing the causal argument made by the nation's Govt.

The nation's govt realized that if bakers have a monetary incentive of profiteering in baking bread, the nation would be well fed. G.B.Shaw criticizes this causal logic and extrapolates it in the case of surgeons who could be given a monetary incentive for cutting legs [red flag: extreme logic used, possible clue for answer]. He obviously fears that surgeons would go around cutting legs even in the cases that don't require this.

The Question asked is "Shaw's statement would best serve as an illustration in an argument criticizing which of the following?

Now proceed to the options:
A) Says some dentists would do unnecessary dental work if given a profit incentive.
This is most parallel to "surgeons who cut legs in cases that are not required. "

B) C) D) E) talk about OT or distortions like "raising mkt share", "increasing the profit margin (as opposed to creating one in the first place) " etc. etc.
_________________

You have to have a darkness...for the dawn to come.

Kudos [?]: 62 [3], given: 18

Manager
Joined: 26 Sep 2010
Posts: 148

Kudos [?]: 62 [1], given: 18

Nationality: Indian
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, General Management
Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Feb 2011, 19:44
1
KUDOS
E) Talks about "basic needs". This put me off since surgery as intended in the original premise is not a basic need.
_________________

You have to have a darkness...for the dawn to come.

Kudos [?]: 62 [1], given: 18

Senior Manager
Joined: 26 May 2008
Posts: 426

Kudos [?]: 76 [0], given: 4

Schools: Kellogg Class of 2012
Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Mar 2009, 09:12
Damn tough question because of convoluted language.Let me give a try

I'll go with A

The argument, in a nut shell, says that just because someone gives some incentives for bakers to produce bread, doesn't mean that incentives should be given to surgeons to cut your leg off. So, in effect, it is criticizing the surgeons' work.

So, the answer choice that follows the same reasoning for criticism as offered in the surgeon's case is correct

A, by saying that Dentist's job is unnecessary works in the same fashion

Cheers,

Unplugged

Kudos [?]: 76 [0], given: 4

VP
Joined: 18 May 2008
Posts: 1258

Kudos [?]: 541 [0], given: 0

Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Mar 2009, 00:04
yeah A seems right though on exam day i would have chosen E

Kudos [?]: 541 [0], given: 0

Intern
Joined: 22 Jul 2008
Posts: 44

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 0

Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Mar 2009, 09:53
Why is not B?
The argument here is that as bread caters to all, doctors are only speacilizing in diseases that cater to all.
I am not sure how performing unnecessary surgery goes with the criticism.

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 0

Intern
Joined: 16 Mar 2009
Posts: 2

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Mar 2009, 00:28
I think the point that is made here is that while a baker will supply bread if there is a monetary reason, it is unethical for a doctor to reason the same way.

I would have gone with A. But A says that the doctor is ripping you off which is not really true. The doctor prefers to treat specific illness (here sarcastically cutting off the leg) because of profit.

It seems that B is the correct answer.

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Director
Joined: 25 Oct 2006
Posts: 634

Kudos [?]: 647 [0], given: 6

Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Mar 2009, 11:18
OA is A.
_________________

If You're Not Living On The Edge, You're Taking Up Too Much Space

Kudos [?]: 647 [0], given: 6

Intern
Joined: 11 Jan 2010
Posts: 38

Kudos [?]: 54 [0], given: 9

Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Feb 2010, 07:52
My answer is A. Thanks. A good one!!

Kudos [?]: 54 [0], given: 9

Intern
Joined: 16 Feb 2010
Posts: 6

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 1

Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Feb 2010, 08:19
I went with A and this was my reasoning behind choosing this ..
The language is pretty convoluted and i could not figure out the analogy . I could only trim it down to Doctors being unreasonable in their demands ...
I was torn between A & E , but went with A on a gut feeling ..
_____________

I am a GMAT rookie and have been preparing for about a week now ..
Can you anyone advise on how to handle such questions ,which take some time analyzing ?

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 1

Manager
Joined: 27 Aug 2009
Posts: 134

Kudos [?]: 34 [0], given: 1

Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Feb 2010, 12:07
i will go with A too

Kudos [?]: 34 [0], given: 1

Intern
Joined: 05 Jan 2010
Posts: 21

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 4

Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Feb 2010, 12:15
The wording initially was pretty brutal but I'd go with A.

It's an argument on monetary motivation being the sole purpose of why individuals perform their jobs. I'm sure that there's no one on this website who has a job that they work only for the money.

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 4

Manager
Joined: 07 Jul 2010
Posts: 91

Kudos [?]: 59 [0], given: 18

Location: Hanoi, Vietnam
Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Feb 2011, 09:44
This question costs me 2min53!!! Those words are too difficult to follow. "A" for me.
_________________

Hung M.Tran
Faculty of Banking and Finance,
National Economics University of Vietnam

Last edited by andysimple on 22 Feb 2011, 22:04, edited 1 time in total.

Kudos [?]: 59 [0], given: 18

Manager
Joined: 11 Feb 2011
Posts: 70

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Feb 2011, 09:57

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

Intern
Joined: 29 Nov 2010
Posts: 3

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Feb 2011, 10:41
yes i'll also go with A...

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Manager
Status: Trying to get into the illustrious 700 club!
Joined: 18 Oct 2010
Posts: 78

Kudos [?]: 24 [0], given: 58

Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Feb 2011, 12:18
I guessed at the 1:30 mark. The wording was tough to understand and I couldn't deduce "pecuniary"
_________________

I'm trying to not just answer the problem but to explain how I came up with my answer. If I am incorrect or you have a better method please PM me your thoughts. Thanks!

Kudos [?]: 24 [0], given: 58

Intern
Joined: 18 Feb 2011
Posts: 10

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 22

Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Feb 2011, 16:22
Wow, I hope this wasn't supposed to be an easy question... I had to look up pecuniary to figure it out.

Posted from my mobile device

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 22

Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 871

Kudos [?]: 399 [0], given: 123

Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Feb 2011, 21:20
Easy "A" - The question is masquerading by switching terms. "profit margin" instead of profit etc, "increase market share" instead of profit. And then A Vs B - but there is a word "unnecessary" which separates the real answer.

Kudos [?]: 399 [0], given: 123

Intern
Joined: 31 Jan 2011
Posts: 8

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Feb 2011, 11:18
I struggled between A & C. Finally picked A.

Posted from my mobile device

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw   [#permalink] 25 Feb 2011, 11:18

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 30 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by