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# Giselle: The government needs to ensure that the public

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Senior Manager
Joined: 08 Jan 2009
Posts: 329
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Giselle: The government needs to ensure that the public [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2009, 20:13
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Giselle: The government needs to ensure that the public consumes less petroleum. When things cost more, people buy and use less of them. Therefore, the government should raise the sales tax on gasoline, a major petroleum product.
Antoine: The government should not raise the sales tax on gasoline. Such an increase would be unfair to gasoline users. If taxes are to be increased, the increases should be applied in such a way that they spread the burden of providing the government with increased revenues among many people, not just the users of gasoline.
As a rebuttal of Giselle’s argument, Antoine’s response is ineffective because
(A) he ignores the fact that Giselle does not base her argument for raising the gasoline sales tax on the government’s need for increase revenues
(B) he fails to specify how many taxpayers there are who are not gasoline users
(C) his conclusion is based on an assertion regarding unfairness, and unfairness is a very subjective concept
(D) he mistakenly assumes that Giselle wants a sales tax increase only on gasoline
(E) he makes the implausible assumption that the burden of increasing government revenues can be more evenly distributed among the people through other means besides increasing the gasoline sales tax

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A
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Director
Joined: 01 Apr 2008
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Name: Ronak Amin
Schools: IIM Lucknow (IPMX) - Class of 2014
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25 Aug 2009, 23:27
Good question. I got it right.

(A) he ignores the fact that Giselle does not base her argument for raising the gasoline sales tax on the government’s need for increase revenues >> CORRECT. Giselle is talking about reduction in consumption and Antoine is concerned about who should be taxed rather than providing alternative means for reducing consumption.
(B) he fails to specify how many taxpayers there are who are not gasoline users >> Irrelevant. There is no need to evaluate the number of taxpayers
(C) his conclusion is based on an assertion regarding unfairness, and unfairness is a very subjective concept >> Irrelevant. The argument is not whether something is fair or unfair.
(D) he mistakenly assumes that Giselle wants a sales tax increase only on gasoline >> Irrelevant. Giselle already mentioned that she is talking about gasoline as it is a MAJOR petroleum product.
(E) he makes the implausible assumption that the burden of increasing government revenues can be more evenly distributed among the people through other means besides increasing the gasoline sales tax >> Irrelevant. How to tax people? Eh!
Senior Manager
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26 Aug 2009, 00:58
Cearly A
Manager
Affiliations: CFA Level 2 Candidate
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26 Aug 2009, 07:46
Agree A

If I'm not mistaken this is a shift of scope question. Antoine does not attack the issue raised in Giselle's argument but attacks the solution instead.
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26 Aug 2009, 07:59
+1 for A.
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Re: CR 1   [#permalink] 26 Aug 2009, 07:59
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