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GMAC/ CR Question

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GMAC/ CR Question [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2015, 13:56
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Which of the following, if true, most logically completes the reasoning in the passage?

Kerniand’s government restricts the export of unprocessed cashew nuts in order to ensure a low-cost supply for domestic processing plants. Though the policy constrains farm income and limits the number of farmers who can profitably grow cashews, the government defends it on the grounds that, since the processing plants are in urban areas, removing the restrictions would hurt efforts to reduce urban unemployment. However, the policy may actually have contributed to urban unemployment, since ______.

a) a lack of profitable crops is drIvIng many small cashew farmers in Kernland off their land and into the cities

b) some of the by-products of cashew processing are used as raw materials by other Industries located in Kernland’s cities

c) the government does not place similar restrictions on the export of any crop other than cashews

d) the Income earned by workers in the processing plants Is generally greater than that earned by agricultural laborers in rural areas

e) without governmental aId in some form, Kernland’s cashew processing plants would not be able tie compete for sales in world markets
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: GMAC/ CR Question [#permalink]

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gauravwalia123 wrote:
Which of the following, if true, most logically completes the reasoning in the passage?

Kerniand’s government restricts the export of unprocessed cashew nuts in order to ensure a low-cost supply for domestic processing plants. Though the policy constrains farm income and limits the number of farmers who can profitably grow cashews, the government defends it on the grounds that, since the processing plants are in urban areas, removing the restrictions would hurt efforts to reduce urban unemployment. However, the policy may actually have contributed to urban unemployment, since ______.

a) a lack of profitable crops is drIvIng many small cashew farmers in Kernland off their land and into the cities

b) some of the by-products of cashew processing are used as raw materials by other Industries located in Kernland’s cities

c) the government does not place similar restrictions on the export of any crop other than cashews

d) the Income earned by workers in the processing plants Is generally greater than that earned by agricultural laborers in rural areas

e) without governmental aId in some form, Kernland’s cashew processing plants would not be able tie compete for sales in world markets


The policy may actually have contributed to urban unemployment, since

a) a lack of profitable crops is driving many small cashew farmers in Kernland off their land and into the cities- Correct gives reason for defending the Government !!!

b) some of the by-products of cashew processing are used as raw materials by other Industries located in Kernland’s cities- Out of scope!!!

c) the government does not place similar restrictions on the export of any crop other than cashews - We are not concerned about other crops

d) the Income earned by workers in the processing plants Is generally greater than that earned by agricultural laborers in rural areas-Comparing income, Out of scope

e) without governmental aid in some form, Kernland’s cashew processing plants would not be able tie compete for sales in world markets- Sales international is OFS

Hi Experts,

Correct me if my line of reasoning is wrong!!! Struggling with CR .. Any Input?

Thanks
Nandish
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Re: GMAC/ CR Question [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2017, 09:13
Hi experts,
Kindly request for help!!
The argument start from the fact that the Kerniand's government provides some restriction to ensure a low-cost supply.Then,it provides the plausible negative outcome.Followed by the second piece of information is the government's claim that this restriction helps alleviate the urban unemployment.

"HOWEVER" in the last sentence introduces the shift that the policy may actually
contributed to urban unemployment.

Doesn't this mean that the policy may have the unintended effect?
Thanks
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GMAC/ CR Question [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2017, 13:10
sleepynut wrote:
Hi experts,
Kindly request for help!!
The argument start from the fact that the Kerniand's government provides some restriction to ensure a low-cost supply.Then,it provides the plausible negative outcome.Followed by the second piece of information is the government's claim that this restriction helps alleviate the urban unemployment.

"HOWEVER" in the last sentence introduces the shift that the policy may actually
contributed to urban unemployment.

Doesn't this mean that the policy may have the unintended effect?
Thanks


Yes, it indicates that the policy has an unintended effect. But could you clarify what your query is - what is the issue if the policy had unintended effect? Option A is still correct because it explains the reason for that unintended effect ( i.e. why the urban unemployment increased - though processing plant workers can retain their jobs because of the policy, the no. of unemployed people still increases in cities because of migration of the cashew producers from villages to cities.)
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Re: GMAC/ CR Question [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2017, 18:56
sayantanc2k wrote:
sleepynut wrote:
Hi experts,
Kindly request for help!!
The argument start from the fact that the Kerniand's government provides some restriction to ensure a low-cost supply.Then,it provides the plausible negative outcome.Followed by the second piece of information is the government's claim that this restriction helps alleviate the urban unemployment.

"HOWEVER" in the last sentence introduces the shift that the policy may actually
contributed to urban unemployment.

Doesn't this mean that the policy may have the unintended effect?
Thanks


Yes, it indicates that the policy has an unintended effect. But could you clarify what your query is - what is the issue if the policy had unintended effect? Option A is still correct because it explains the reason for that unintended effect ( i.e. why the urban unemployment increased - though processing plant workers can retain their jobs because of the policy, the no. of unemployed people still increases in cities because of migration of the cashew producers from villages to cities.)


Hi sayantanc2k,
Thanks for your help. I get it now :-D
I misread option A and failed to get the gist that this question is like a strengthen question.The missing part from the stem ask us to support the conclusion.
Option A does the job neatly by pointing out that there may be an influx of farmers into the city;hence,there will be more candidates for the job in the city.In other words,this restriction may cause the unintended effect.
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Re: GMAC/ CR Question [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2017, 03:15
the answer should be A .
as the issue is about the reduction of unemployment and we need to find the info. which tells the opposite of the govt. plans if the govt has not removed the restriction then indirectly it will increase the unemployment instead of reducing it .
so the option A fits to this
Re: GMAC/ CR Question   [#permalink] 15 Feb 2017, 03:15
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