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# GMAT Grammar Book: Proper Use of Problem Words

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CIO
Joined: 02 Oct 2007
Posts: 1218
GMAT Grammar Book: Proper Use of Problem Words [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2010, 04:49
 PROPER USE OF PROBLEM VERBS

This post is a part of [GMAT GRAMMAR BOOK]

created by: bb
edited by: dzyubam

It can be quite confusing to distinguish which correct verb to use when it comes to raise/rise, set/sit, or lay/lie. Raise, set and lay are transitive verbs and are followed by an object. Rise, sit and lie are intransitive verbs and are NOT followed by an object. NOTE: Even native speakers often misuse lay and lie.

Study the chart below to understand the correct conjugation and use of these verbs.

 TRANSITIVE INTRANSATIVE raise, raised, raisedTony raised his hand (object).set, set, setJulie set the book (object) on my desk.lay, laid, laidJulie is laying the book (object) on my desk. rise, rose, risenTony rises early.sit, sat, satI sit in the third row.lie, lay, lainJohn is lying on the floor. (Notice the changed spelling of lie when “ing” is added.)

NOTE: The verb lie, which means “not to tell the truth”, is a regular verb:

lie, lied, lied
Ruth lied to me about her age.

Exercise 13: Using Raise/Rise, Set/Sit and Lay/Lie

Underline the correct word in parentheses in the following sentences.

1. Hens (lay, lie) eggs.
2. Janice (set, sat) the table for dinner.
3. Janice (set, sat) at the table for dinner.
4. Mrs. Smith (raises, rises) a garden every year.
5. I (laid, lay) my wallet on top of the dresser.
6. The ability to succeed (lies, lays) within you.
7. The old lady (set, sat) on the bench because she was tired.
8. Hot air (raises, rises).
9. When I get tired, I (lay, lie) down and take a nap.
10. Jennifer (raised, rose) from her seat to pick up her test paper.

Think something is missing? Let us know - Help Improve GMAT Club's Grammar Book Project!
This post is a part of [GMAT GRAMMAR BOOK]
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Manager
Joined: 16 Feb 2010
Posts: 225
Re: GMAT Grammar Book: Proper Use of Problem Words [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2010, 14:55
1
KUDOS
another way to describe the two categories is:

- transitive = action on other(s)
- intransitive = action on self
Founder
Joined: 04 Dec 2002
Posts: 15153
Location: United States (WA)
GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V42
Re: GMAT Grammar Book: Proper Use of Problem Words [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2010, 15:12
zisis wrote:
another way to describe the two categories is:

- transitive = action on other(s)
- intransitive = action on self

Seems to work.... and is a good way to remember
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Joined: 16 Jul 2010
Posts: 4
Re: GMAT Grammar Book: Proper Use of Problem Words [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2010, 07:42
zisis wrote:
another way to describe the two categories is:

- transitive = action on other(s)
- intransitive = action on self

Yes, great addon by zisis. Thanks
Re: GMAT Grammar Book: Proper Use of Problem Words   [#permalink] 08 Sep 2010, 07:42
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