enigma123 wrote:
In the figure, point D divides side BC of triangle ABC into segments BD and DC of lengths 1 and 2 units respectively. Given that ÐADC = 60º and ÐABD = 45º, what is the measure of angle x in degrees? (Note: Figure is not drawn to scale.)
A. 55
B. 60
C. 70
D. 75
E. 90
Attachment:
Triangle.png
Attachment:
task%236.png
First let's add a line from point C so that it is PERPENDICULAR to line AD
Also, note that, ∠EDB is 120° since it lies on a line with a 60° angle.
Since we already know 2 angles in ∆CED, we can see that the remaining angle, ∠ECD, is 30°, which means ∆CED is a 30-60-90 right triangle.
So, ∆CED is a 30-60-90 right triangle AND we know that the hypotenuse CD has length 2, we can conclude that side ED has length 1.
Now draw a line from E to B.
Since ED = EB (both have length 1), we can see that ∆EDB is an ISOSCELES TRIANGLE, which means the two remaining angles are each 30°
Next, ∠EAB is 150° since it shares a line with a 30° angle
Also, since we were originally told that ∠CBA is 45°, we can conclude that ∠ABE is 15°
Now focus on ∆CBE
Notice that this triangle is an ISOSCELES triangle, because ∠ECB = ∠EBC = 30°
This means that side EC = side EB
Now focus on ∆EAB
Since we already know two of the angles in this triangle (150° and 15°), we can conclude that = ∠EAB = 15°
Stay focused on ∆EAB
This triangle is an ISOSCELES triangle, because ∠EAB = ∠EBA = 15°
This means that side AE = side EB
Now focus on ∆ACE
Since CE = EA, this is an ISOSCELES triangle
Since one angle = 90°, the other two angles are each 45°
At this point, we can see that x = 45° + 30° = 75°
Answer: D
Cheers,
Brent
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