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# GMAT Prep RC: The idea that equipping homes with electrical

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Intern
Joined: 17 Jul 2018
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Re: GMAT Prep RC: The idea that equipping homes with electrical  [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2019, 13:50
keats wrote:
The passage suggests that Vanek and Cowan would agree that modernizing household technology did not

A. reduce the workload of servants and other household helpers
B. raise the standard of housework that women who were full-time home workers set for themselves
C. decrease the effort required to perform household tasks
D. reduce the time spent on housework by women who were full-time home workers
E. result in a savings of money used for household maintenance

Can anyone help me with the reasoning for option B here? Is it totally out of scope answer or 180-degree opposite? I am not sure if these lines from the passage helps to answer this question - 'Cowan argued that the “industrialization” of the home often resulted in more work for full-time home workers because the use of such devices as coal stoves, water pumps, and vacuum cleaners tended to reduce the workload of married-women’s helpers (husbands, sons, daughters, and servants) while promoting a more rigorous standard of housework. '

LOOK THE ISSUE AT HAND IS THAT YOU NEED TO IDENTIFY A COMMON GROUND ON WHICH BOTH WOMEN WILL AGREE UPON. YOU ARE CORRECT IN ASSUMING B BUT, IT IS BASED ENTIRELY UPON ONE OF THE TWO'S VIEW. WHAT BOTH OF THEM SAID OR AT-LEAST IMPLIED IS THAT THE TIME DID NOT REDUCE, SEE WHERE WOMAN 1 SAYS IT ACTUALLY REMAINED CONSTAND AND WOMAN 2 SAID TIME INCREASED. SO, IF IT REMAINED CONSTANT, OR INCREASED, IT DIDNOT DECRESE IN ANY OF THEIR OPINION. HENCE, D
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Re: GMAT Prep RC: The idea that equipping homes with electrical  [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2019, 14:02
GMATNinja

On Question 1 -- Why not E

From the paragraph -- it seems like the idea got it totally wrong ...The idea thought industrialization would save labor time but it didnt

Per the paragraph -- seems like time spent remained constant

"time spent by these workers remained remarkably constant—at about 52 to 54 hours per week—from the 1920’s to the 1960’s, a period of significant change in household technology"

Hence why is (E) wrong in that case ?
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Re: GMAT Prep RC: The idea that equipping homes with electrical  [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2019, 11:48
LONG ANSWER SHORT, "MONEY ISN'T RELATED TO TIME, GMAT NEEDS BUSINESSMEN NOT SHAKESPEARE"
IF YOU GOT IT, IT IS GREAT BUT IF YOU DIDN'T, READ THIS

FIRST THING FIRST IDEA DOESN'T THINK, ITS OK I KNOW U KNOW, JUST ITS ODD TO SAY IT. YES YOU ARE RIGHT ABOUT THE TIME REMAINING CONSTANT. A CONSTANT TIME AND INCREASED TIME BOTH NEGATE REDUCTION IN TIME, DO THEY NOT??? FOR EXAMPLE, IF YOU SAY THAT YOU BOUGHT 10 TICKETS TO A GAME IN JANUARY, YOU BOUGHT THE CONSTANT NUMBER IN FEBRUARY, AND THEN YOUR FRIEND SAID THAT IN MARCH YOU INCREASED THE NUMBER OF TICKETS YOU BOUGHT. BUT, IN ALL THREE MONTHS, THE NUMBER OF TICKETS DIDN'T REDUCE. SIMILAR LOGIC FOR THE OPTION D

NOW WHY NOT E. SINCE THEY ARE HOUSEWIVES, ITS SAFE TO ASSUME THEY ARE NOT BEING PAID.NEXT THING WRONG IS THAT THEY ARE TALKING OF MAINTENANCE HOWEVER THE MAJOR POINT IS REDUCING EFFORT AND TIME ON STUFF BY BUYING MACHINERY OR OTHER MEANS. MONEY IS A GIVE AWAY, AND SO IS MAINTENANCE. E REEKS OF INCORRECT DETAILS BUT YES IT CAN BE CONFUSING IF YOU TREAT TIME AND MONEY AS RELATED TERMS. THEY ARE NOT. AS LONG AS THEY DONOT SHOW YOU AN ANALOGY, TWO TERMS ON GMAT ARE M UNRELATED
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Re: GMAT Prep RC: The idea that equipping homes with electrical  [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2019, 13:50
jabhatta@umail.iu.edu wrote:
GMATNinja

On Question 1 -- Why not E

From the paragraph -- it seems like the idea got it totally wrong ...The idea thought industrialization would save labor time but it didnt

Per the paragraph -- seems like time spent remained constant

"time spent by these workers remained remarkably constant—at about 52 to 54 hours per week—from the 1920’s to the 1960’s, a period of significant change in household technology"

Hence why is (E) wrong in that case ?

First, take another look at the "idea" referenced in the question: "equipping homes with electrical appliances and other “modern” household technologies would eliminate drudgery, save labor time, and increase leisure for women who were full-time home workers." Now, let's look at the answer choice in the context of this idea:

Quote:
(E) It inaccurately suggested that new household technologies would reduce the effort required to perform housework.

In your analysis, you point out that "time spent remained constant." (E) specifies a reduction in effort, not a reduction in time.

The author of the passage states that surveys conducted by home economists originally intended to show that "modern household technologies reduced the effort required to perform specific tasks." After analyzing data from these surveys, Vanek found that "ownership of these appliances did not correlate with less time spent on housework by full-time home workers." So, while specific tasks required less effort, the time spent on housework remained constant.

Because of this evidence, we cannot say that the suggestion that household technologies reduced the effort required to perform housework is "inaccurate," as stated in answer choice (E).

I hope that helps!
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Re: GMAT Prep RC: The idea that equipping homes with electrical   [#permalink] 06 Feb 2019, 13:50

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