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GMAT Verbs: The Perfect Tense

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Re: GMAT Verbs: The Perfect Tense  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2017, 22:22
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If this is what you are looking for, pl take it and the OA is A

Less than 35 years after the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, their descendants, popularly known as killer bees had migrated as far north as Southern Texas.

A. Less than 35 years after the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil,
B. In less than 35 years since releasing African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil,
C. In less than the 35 years since African honeybees had been released outside Sao Paulo, Brazil,
D. It took less than 35 years from the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, when
E. It took less than 35 years after the time that African honeybees were released outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, and then
if this is what you are looking for, pl take it and the OA is A
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Re: GMAT Verbs: The Perfect Tense  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2017, 05:59
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Not the one I was thinking of! But yes, this one works, too.

So now there are at least two official examples of the exception! I'll find the other one -- it'll hit me at, like, 3:00 in the morning in August. :)
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Re: GMAT Verbs: The Perfect Tense  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2017, 04:33
Hi Shiv, this is actually quite a common pattern for past perfect. Daagh Sir has already given an example. Couple of other official examples that come to my mind:

In 1981 children in the United States spent an average of slightly less than two and a half hours a week doing household chores; by 1997 that figure had grown to nearly six hours a week.

The first detailed study of magpie attacks in Australia indicates that by the time they reached adulthood, 98 percent of men and 75 percent of the women born in the country had been attacked by the birds.

In fact, considering GMAT's fondness for this kind of pattern (and it's divergence from what many people perceive as a more classical pattern for past perfect tenses), our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses this example, in detail. Have attached the corresponding section of the book, for your reference (specifically refer to the example In 2007, a typical web user spent less than 4 hours a month on Facebook in the attachment).
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Re: GMAT Verbs: The Perfect Tense  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2017, 06:50
Hi .. can somebody please tell me regarding the past perfect continous, present perfect continous comparisons with past perfect and present perfect respectively??\

Thanks in Advance
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GMAT Verbs: The Perfect Tense  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2020, 23:39
Hi GMATNinja daagh AjiteshArun

After going through Usage of Past perfect from MGMAT SC, I came across this post and got more clarity.

However, I got one doubt: I read a NYT Ed today, and could'nt clearly understand the exact meaning of below sentence:

* The bonding process was never going to be easy, but now they had to speed it up.

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/06/pare ... india.html

Here my doubt is with "now" which seems to refer to present and past perfect is used. is it similar to the below tricky example? In such case how to look at usage of past perfect with "but" in the sentence? Please help.

* The band U2 WAS just one of many new groups on the rock music scene in the
early 1980's, but less than ten years later, U2 HAD fully ECLIPSED its early rivals in
the pantheon of popular music.

Thanks in advance.
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Re: GMAT Verbs: The Perfect Tense  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2020, 03:30
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fauji wrote:
Hi GMATNinja daagh AjiteshArun

After going through Usage of Past perfect from MGMAT SC, I came across this post and got more clarity.

However, I got one doubt: I read a NYT Ed today, and could'nt clearly understand the exact meaning of below sentence:

* The bonding process was never going to be easy, but now they had to speed it up.

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/06/pare ... india.html

Here my doubt is with "now" which seems to refer to present and past perfect is used. is it similar to the below tricky example? In such case how to look at usage of past perfect with "but" in the sentence? Please help.

* The band U2 WAS just one of many new groups on the rock music scene in the
early 1980's, but less than ten years later, U2 HAD fully ECLIPSED its early rivals in
the pantheon of popular music.

Thanks in advance.
Hi fauji,

A couple of points that may help:
1. Now can be used in many ways. One of the meanings of now is ~"immediately" (or ~"just after the immediate moment"), but the meaning that I think they are going for here is actually ~"as a result of some recent change(s)". The "recent" is relative to the time that the sentence references. For example:

(a) He wanted to take the exam, but now he found that he could not. ← In this sentence, the now is not really being used to mean "immediately". It's more like "something changed (maybe a lockdown was ordered?), and in this situation, he could not do something that he wanted to do".

Check whether the article mentions that the situation changed (something that would necessitate speeding up the "bonding process").

2. The had in that sentence is actually past tense, not past perfect.

(b) I have to take the exam before the deadline. ← Here have (simple present) is the verb. To take is an infinitive.
(c) I had to take the exam before the deadline. ← Here had is the verb (simple past). To take remains an infinitive.
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GMAT Verbs: The Perfect Tense  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2020, 07:20
Thanks AjiteshArun

Yes, [From Article] there was a sudden situation change, lockdown announced during their Adoption and bonding process, and they had to go back to their native country before the start of country wide lockdown.

Now i got the clarity about it in terms of whole situation. Thanks.

AjiteshArun wrote:
fauji wrote:
Hi GMATNinja daagh AjiteshArun

After going through Usage of Past perfect from MGMAT SC, I came across this post and got more clarity.

However, I got one doubt: I read a NYT Ed today, and could'nt clearly understand the exact meaning of below sentence:

* The bonding process was never going to be easy, but now they had to speed it up.

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/06/pare ... india.html

Here my doubt is with "now" which seems to refer to present and past perfect is used. is it similar to the below tricky example? In such case how to look at usage of past perfect with "but" in the sentence? Please help.

* The band U2 WAS just one of many new groups on the rock music scene in the
early 1980's, but less than ten years later, U2 HAD fully ECLIPSED its early rivals in
the pantheon of popular music.

Thanks in advance.
Hi fauji,

A couple of points that may help:
1. Now can be used in many ways. One of the meanings of now is ~"immediately" (or ~"just after the immediate moment"), but the meaning that I think they are going for here is actually ~"as a result of some recent change(s)". The "recent" is relative to the time that the sentence references. For example:

(a) He wanted to take the exam, but now he found that he could not. ← In this sentence, the now is not really being used to mean "immediately". It's more like "something changed (maybe a lockdown was ordered?), and in this situation, he could not do something that he wanted to do".

Check whether the article mentions that the situation changed (something that would necessitate speeding up the "bonding process").

2. The had in that sentence is actually past tense, not past perfect.

(b) I have to take the exam before the deadline. ← Here have (simple present) is the verb. To take is an infinitive.
(c) I had to take the exam before the deadline. ← Here had is the verb (simple past). To take remains an infinitive.

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GMAT Verbs: The Perfect Tense   [#permalink] 08 May 2020, 07:20

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