GMAT Changed on April 16th - Read about the latest changes here

It is currently 25 May 2018, 21:16

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Although the industrial union organizat

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

2 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
G
Joined: 26 Oct 2016
Posts: 668
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, International Business
Schools: HBS '19
GMAT 1: 770 Q51 V44
GPA: 4
WE: Education (Education)
Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Although the industrial union organizat [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jun 2017, 05:19
2
This post received
KUDOS
1)
PARA 1: Elizabeth Faue's
... the role of women within unions reflected the prevailing gender ideology of the period..
.. women were marginalized by union bureaucratization..

PARA 2 : Nancy F. Gabin
..Nancy F. Gabin also acknowledges the pervasive male domination...


A – Inclusion of women could be attributed to non discrimination and inclusion policies but we can not infer that both ladies(E.F and NG) agreed on this point. Nowhere mentioned in the passage. – Eliminated
B – importance of unions at community level – again not mentioned in passage.
C- according to the passage –
” Faue stresses the importance of women’s contribution to the development of unions at the community level”
“Nancy F. Gabin also acknowledges the pervasive male domination in the unions, but maintains that women workers were able to create a political space within some unions to advance their interests as women”
But there is no mention of establishment of union – Eliminated
D – Both acknowledged pervasive male domination and women where marginalized. So it suggests that women played a subordinate role.
E – Interests of women workers were not compatible – Nowhere mentioned in the passage.

Hence D is correct.



2)
A. It prevented women from making significant contributions to the establishment of industrial unions

The passage says 'to which women's contributions were so vital' and 'Faue stresses the importance of women's contribution to the development of unions'. This clearly shows that women actually did contribute, nothing prevented them from doing so.

B. It resulted from the marginalization of women in Industrial unions

The passage says 'unions reflected the prevailing gender ideology of the period'. That means that the gender ideology existed before the unions did so it couldn't have resulted from the marginalization of women in industrial unions. In fact, it's probably the opposite - the marginalization of women resulted from the gender ideology.

C. It had a significant effect on the advancement of women's issues within industrial unions

Like I mentioned above, the passages suggests that gender ideology caused the marginalization of women in industrial unions. The passage states 'the community base [women] ...became increasingly irrelevant to unions' institutional life'. The industrial unions marginalized the women and their issues as they began to view them as irrelevant - you can infer that this is because of the prevailing gender ideology. The 'significant effect' is that gender ideology actually prevented the advancement of women issues. Thus the passage implies that the gender ideology negatively affected the way women's issues were treated and thus had a significant effect on the advancement of women's issues within industrial unions.

D. Its primary tenets were nondiscrimination and inclusion

Gender ideology is the exact opposite. The tenets of the industrial unions 'embraced the principles of nondiscrimination and inclusion'. The passages uses 'although' in the same sentence to suggest a contrast in the way they actually did treat issues and further states that 'the role of women... reflected the prevailing gender ideology' - the complete opposite of its tenets.

E. Its effects were mitigated by the growth of industrial unions

the passage states 'as unions reached the peak of their strength in the 1940s, the community base that had made their success possible and to which women's contributions were so vital became increasingly irrelevant to unions' institutional life.' This shows that as the unions grew, the way they viewed women and their issues became worse or irrelevant.

I probably wouldn't focus on the word women's issues - the purpose of industrial unions is to address and support issues of the industrial workers. The first passage is shows how gender ideology affected how women were viewed in industrial unions. A natural byproduct would be the way their issues were viewed and treated as well. In addition, the second passage implies that the viewpoint in the first paragraph is that women weren't really able to advance their interests through this statement: 'but maintains that women workers were able to create a political space within some unions to advance their interests as women.'
_________________

Thanks & Regards,
Anaira Mitch

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 05 Dec 2016
Posts: 260
Concentration: Strategy, Finance
GMAT 1: 620 Q46 V29
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Although the industrial union organizat [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jul 2017, 23:46
4.41 and all correct
I'm just wondering why GMAT so loves articles covering the role of women in the development of different aspects of social, political, and economic life...
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 23 Jun 2015
Posts: 16
Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Although the industrial union organizat [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Sep 2017, 12:19
Hello

I want to review my opinion on question 2. still I am not able to convince myself that option C is correct , let me explain my reasoning, from the given extract

Although the industrial union organizations that emerged under the banner of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) in the 1930s and 1940s embraced the principles of nondiscrimination and inclusion, the role of women within unions reflected the prevailing gender ideology of the period. Elizabeth Faue's study of the labor movement in Minneapolis argues that women were marginalized by union bureaucratization and b

I have underlined the sentence that will help in answer question 2, The sentence start with Although so definitely going to contrast the sub-clause right? the first clause after Although talk about embraceing the principles of nondiscrimination and inclusion , which is positive thing so after comma i expected the negative the thing.

The clause after Comma talk about prevailing Gender Ideology, and even after this sentence there is an example of women Marginalization so how can gender ideology will convey so positive fact about women as in answer option C
Prevailing ideology i believe was that they still had discrimination at that time as the next example follow-
Please tell why my understanding is wrong
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 13 Apr 2017
Posts: 86
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, International Business
GMAT 1: 660 Q40 V41
GPA: 3.4
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Although the industrial union organizat [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Sep 2017, 01:17
Time taken : 5 mins. 44 sec.
Got question #2 wrong. Misunderstood what option C meant. :(
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 11 Feb 2017
Posts: 203
Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Although the industrial union organizat [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Sep 2017, 06:48
manishkhare wrote:
1D 2C 3C(Incorrect)

Total time :3 minutes 13 seconds

Regards,
Manish Khare



I can guarantee that u can solve a CR within 20 seconds, I bet
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 26 Feb 2017
Posts: 36
CAT Tests
Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Although the industrial union organizat [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Jan 2018, 19:33
For Q2, I was confused between A and B. I didn't even consider C as an option. how did you guys choose option C?
Please explain.
Thanks in advance.
Expert Post
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
P
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 1681
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: 340 Q170 V170
Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Although the industrial union organizat [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Feb 2018, 22:18
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Shivikaa wrote:
For Q2, I was confused between A and B. I didn't even consider C as an option. how did you guys choose option C?
Please explain.
Thanks in advance.

Quote:
2. Which of the following can be inferred regarding the "gender ideology" mentioned in the highlighted text?

A. It prevented women from making significant contributions to the establishment of industrial unions. - This can be eliminated because we are told that women did in fact make important contributions to the establishment of the unions: "Faue stresses the importance of women's contribution to the development of unions at the community level." Eliminate (A).
B. It resulted from the marginalization of women in industrial unions. - The passage does say that women were marginalized by union bureaucratization, but this reflected the PREVAILING gender idealogy of the period. In other words, the marginalization reflected an idealogy that already existed. The marginalization did not CAUSE the idealogy. Eliminate (B).
C. It had a significant effect on the advancement of women's issues within industrial unions. - We can infer that the prevailing idealogy was one that marginalized women. So the marginalization of women in unions was a product of this prevailing idealogy. If a group is marginalized, then its power and importance is reduced. Being marginalized would obviously affect a group's ability to make advances. (C) looks good.
D. Its primary tenets were nondiscrimination and inclusion. - We are told that the unions themselves generally "embraced the principles of nondiscrimination and inclusion", but the prevailing gender idealogy caused women to be marginalized. This idealogy was one that CAUSED discrimination, not one that upheld nondiscrimination. Eliminate (D).
E. Its effects were mitigated by the growth of industrial unions. - The unions did not mitigate (i.e. lessen) the discriminatory effects of the prevailing ideology. Instead, the unions REFLECTED the discriminatory effects of the prevailing ideology. Eliminate (E).


Choice (C) is the best answer. I hope that helps!
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | GMAT blog | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 18 Feb 2017
Posts: 74
Location: India
Schools: ISB '20, IIMA , IIMC
GMAT 1: 650 Q45 V30
GPA: 3.35
Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Although the industrial union organizat [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 May 2018, 22:59
manishkhare wrote:
Hello Steinbeck,
I am sure my strategy will work for you too. Coming to the timing part, you need to train your ears for RC. There is no short-cut for this process. Make a habit to ready daily. Cover variety of topics from economics to bio-technology. Initially, it will be difficult but over a period of time you will be able to build speed.


would you please suggest the sources of your reading?.
Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Although the industrial union organizat   [#permalink] 18 May 2018, 22:59

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 28 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Although the industrial union organizat

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.