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# GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Historians have identified two dominant

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GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Historians have identified two dominant [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2014, 03:41
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Passage-03 [url=http://gmatclub.com/forum/all-gmat-prep-rcs-collection-176232.html]GMATPrep RCs-Collection(Main article)[/url]
Historians have identified two dominant currents in the Russian women's movement of the late tsarist period. "Bourgeois" feminism, so called by its more radical opponents, emphasized "individualist" feminist goals such as access to education, career opportunities, and legal equality. "Socialist" feminists, by contrast, emphasized class, rather than gender, as the principal source of women's inequality and oppression, and socialist revolution, not legal reform, as the only road to emancipation and equality.

However, despite antagonism between bourgeois feminists and socialist feminists, the two movements shared certain underlying beliefs. Both regarded paid labor as the principal means by which women might attain emancipation: participation in the workplace and economic self-sufficiency, they believed, would make women socially useful and therefore deserving of equality with men. Both groups also recognized the enormous difficulties women faced when they combined paid labor with motherhood. In fact, at the First All-Russian Women's Congress in 1908, most participants advocated maternity insurance and paid maternity leave, although the intense hostility between some socialists and bourgeois feminists at the Congress made it difficult for them to recognize these areas of agreement Finally, socialist feminists and most bourgeois feminists concurred in subordinating women's emancipation to what they considered the more important goal of liberating the entire Russian population from political oppression, economic backwardness, and social injustice.
1. The passage is primarily concerned with
A. identifying points of agreement between two groups
B. advocating one approach to social reform over another
C. contrasting two approaches to solving a political problem
D. arguing that the views espoused by one political group were more radical than those espoused by another group
E. criticizing historians for overlooking similarities between the views espoused by two superficially dissimilar groups

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

2. The passage suggests that socialists within the Russian women's movement and most bourgeois feminists believed that in Russia
A. women would not achieve economic equality until they had political representation within the government
B. the achievement of larger political aims should take precedence over the achievement of women's rights
C. the emancipation of women would ultimately bring about the liberation of the entire Russian population from political oppression
D. women's oppression was more rooted in economic inequality than was the case in other countries
E. the women's movement was more ideologically divided than were women's movements in other countries

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

3. According to the passage, Russian socialists within the women's movement and most bourgeois feminists disagreed about which of the following?
A. Whether legal reform was central to the achievement of feminist goals
B. Whether paid employment was important for the achievement of equality
C. Whether maternity insurance was desirable for working mothers
D. Whether working mothers faced obstacles
E. Whether women's emancipation should be subordinated to the liberation of the Russian population

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA

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Last edited by PiyushK on 25 Aug 2014, 02:15, edited 1 time in total.
OA added
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Historians have identified two dominant [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2014, 04:21
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1. The passage is primarily concerned with
A. identifying points of agreement between two groups
B. advocating one approach to social reform over another
C. contrasting two approaches to solving a political problem
D. arguing that the views espoused by one political group were more radical than those espoused by another group
E. criticizing historians for overlooking similarities between the views espoused by two superficially dissimilar groups

The passage talks about 2 movements in a Russian period and what they believed in Para 1

Para 2 it talks about Common points of agreement and how in later stages they decided to focus on other Important goal than Woman's emancipation..
B,C,and D out...There is no Crticisim as well...So ans is A
2. The passage suggests that socialists within the Russian women's movement and most bourgeois feminists believed that in Russia
A. women would not achieve economic equality until they had political representation within the government
B. the achievement of larger political aims should take precedence over the achievement of women's rights
C. the emancipation of women would ultimately bring about the liberation of the entire Russian population from political oppression
D. women's oppression was more rooted in economic inequality than was the case in other countries
E. the women's movement was more ideologically divided than were women's movements in other countries

Look how well they have masked the question... We need to find All Socialists and Most Bourgeois Feminists...If you capurted this well...Ans should not be a problem..or atleast i think it will not be a problem....Ans is B
A -Both Socialists and BF agreed
C: They did not agree
D: Only Socialists
E: Not even discussed

3. According to the passage, Russian socialists within the women's movement and most bourgeois feminists disagreed about which of the following?
A. Whether legal reform was central to the achievement of feminist goals
B. Whether paid employment was important for the achievement of equality
C. Whether maternity insurance was desirable for working mothers
D. Whether working mothers faced obstacles
E. Whether women's emancipation should be subordinated to the liberation of the Russian population

They disagreed....
B,C,D,and E------All agreed

A is the answer
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Last edited by PiyushK on 13 Aug 2014, 21:25, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Historians have identified two dominant [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2014, 07:25
The 2nd Q was not clear,..I thought the answer should be c...
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Historians have identified two dominant [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2014, 01:12
@sujay25: Go through the last line.

Quote:
Socialist feminists and most bourgeois feminists concurred in subordinating women's emancipation to what they considered the more important goal of liberating the entire Russian population from political oppression, economic backwardness, and social injustice

This clearly says that finally an agreement is reached and they thought that "liberating the entire Russian population" was more important than "women's emancipation". Thus "women's emancipation" was "subordinated" in this way.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Historians have identified two dominant [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2014, 01:24
Time taken 8:20
1. A
2. C( Incorrect)
3. A
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Historians have identified two dominant [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2015, 21:14
Time taken: 4 mins 39 secs. All correct!

For this passage, I think the most important thing is to know what the two groups of feminists agreed and disagreed upon.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Historians have identified two dominant [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2015, 11:08
would be happy if someone explains why 'C' is incorrect answer choice for second question?
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Historians have identified two dominant [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2015, 16:58
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techavi wrote:
would be happy if someone explains why 'C' is incorrect answer choice for second question?

The second question is referred to this part of the passage "Finally, socialist feminists and most bourgeois feminists concurred in subordinating women's emancipation to what they considered the more important goal of liberating the entire Russian population from political oppression, economic backwardness, and social injustice."

So they believe liberating the entire Russian population is more important than women's emancipation. C is incorrect because it says the opposite of what they believe
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GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Historians have identified two dominant [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2015, 23:38
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techavi wrote:
would be happy if someone explains why 'C' is incorrect answer choice for second question?

Read this snippet of the 2nd passage , both socialist and bourgeois feminists agreed that women's emancipation is less important then the most important goal of liberating the entire Russian population from political oppression, economic backwardness, and social injustice.

Finally, socialist feminists and most bourgeois feminists concurred in subordinatingwomen's emancipation to what they considered the more important goal of liberating the entire Russian population from political oppression, economic backwardness, and social injustice.

adding sujay25 as he has also raised the same question .
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Historians have identified two dominant [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2015, 08:07
Hi All,

Sorry to reopen an old thread.

In the question:
3. According to the passage, Russian socialists within the women's movement and most bourgeois feminists disagreed about which of the following?
A. Whether legal reform was central to the achievement of feminist goals
B. Whether paid employment was important for the achievement of equality
C. Whether maternity insurance was desirable for working mothers
D. Whether working mothers faced obstacles
E. Whether women's emancipation should be subordinated to the liberation of the Russian population

A is correct as pointed in the above answers. But isn't the passage also suggesting a disagreement about C?
"at the First All-Russian Women's Congress in 1908, most participants advocated maternity insurance and paid maternity leave, although the intense hostility between some socialists and bourgeois feminists at the Congress made it difficult for them to recognize these areas of agreement"
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Historians have identified two dominant [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2015, 10:05
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takeTWO Read the highlighted part in the 2nd para

"In fact, at the First All-Russian Women's Congress in 1908, most participants advocated maternity insurance and paid maternity leave, although the intense hostility between some socialists and bourgeois feminists at the Congress made it difficult for them to recognize these areas of agreement"

This means that almost all the members of both the factions *agreed* on having "maternity insurance". The question asks us to identify a point of *disagreement*.

Lets look at the 1st paragraph:

Historians have identified two dominant currents in the Russian women's movement of the late tsarist period. "Bourgeois" feminism, so called by its more radical opponents, emphasized "individualist" feminist goals such as access to education, career opportunities, and legal equality."Socialist" feminists, by contrast, emphasized class, rather than gender, as the principal source of women's inequality and oppression, and socialist revolution, not legal reform, as the only road to emancipation and equality.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Historians have identified two dominant [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2015, 08:39
Thank you very much Amoy. Kudos granted!
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Historians have identified two dominant [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2015, 04:02
3 minutes 14 seconds

1C(Incorrect)
2B
3A
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Historians have identified two dominant [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2016, 23:02
PiyushK wrote:
NEW PROJECT!: Back to basic => Give your explanation- Get Kudos Point for best explanation

Passage-03 GMATPrep RCs-Collection(Main article)
Historians have identified two dominant currents in the Russian women's movement of the late tsarist period. "Bourgeois" feminism, so called by its more radical opponents, emphasized "individualist" feminist goals such as access to education, career opportunities, and legal equality. "Socialist" feminists, by contrast, emphasized class, rather than gender, as the principal source of women's inequality and oppression, and socialist revolution, not legal reform, as the only road to emancipation and equality.

However, despite antagonism between bourgeois feminists and socialist feminists, the two movements shared certain underlying beliefs. Both regarded paid labor as the principal means by which women might attain emancipation: participation in the workplace and economic self-sufficiency, they believed, would make women socially useful and therefore deserving of equality with men. Both groups also recognized the enormous difficulties women faced when they combined paid labor with motherhood. In fact, at the First All-Russian Women's Congress in 1908, most participants advocated maternity insurance and paid maternity leave, although the intense hostility between some socialists and bourgeois feminists at the Congress made it difficult for them to recognize these areas of agreement Finally, socialist feminists and most bourgeois feminists concurred in subordinating women's emancipation to what they considered the more important goal of liberating the entire Russian population from political oppression, economic backwardness, and social injustice.
1. The passage is primarily concerned with
A. identifying points of agreement between two groups
B. advocating one approach to social reform over another
C. contrasting two approaches to solving a political problem
D. arguing that the views espoused by one political group were more radical than those espoused by another group
E. criticizing historians for overlooking similarities between the views espoused by two superficially dissimilar groups
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

2. The passage suggests that socialists within the Russian women's movement and most bourgeois feminists believed that in Russia
A. women would not achieve economic equality until they had political representation within the government
B. the achievement of larger political aims should take precedence over the achievement of women's rights
C. the emancipation of women would ultimately bring about the liberation of the entire Russian population from political oppression
D. women's oppression was more rooted in economic inequality than was the case in other countries
E. the women's movement was more ideologically divided than were women's movements in other countries
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

3. According to the passage, Russian socialists within the women's movement and most bourgeois feminists disagreed about which of the following?
A. Whether legal reform was central to the achievement of feminist goals
B. Whether paid employment was important for the achievement of equality
C. Whether maternity insurance was desirable for working mothers
D. Whether working mothers faced obstacles
E. Whether women's emancipation should be subordinated to the liberation of the Russian population
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

Time taken : 2:50

All correct.

1. The passage is primarily concerned with
A. identifying points of agreement between two groups - What the second paragraph is doing and the first paragraph is a buildup to that. Correct
B. advocating one approach to social reform over another
C. contrasting two approaches to solving a political problem
D. arguing that the views espoused by one political group were more radical than those espoused by another group
E. criticizing historians for overlooking similarities between the views espoused by two superficially dissimilar groups

2. The passage suggests that socialists within the Russian women's movement and most bourgeois feminists believed that in Russia
A. women would not achieve economic equality until they had political representation within the government
B. the achievement of larger political aims should take precedence over the achievement of women's rights - This is correct and is clearly stated in the passage
C. the emancipation of women would ultimately bring about the liberation of the entire Russian population from political oppression
D. women's oppression was more rooted in economic inequality than was the case in other countries
E. the women's movement was more ideologically divided than were women's movements in other countries

3. According to the passage, Russian socialists within the women's movement and most bourgeois feminists disagreed about which of the following?
A. Whether legal reform was central to the achievement of feminist goals - This is clearly stated in the first paragraph. Correct!
B. Whether paid employment was important for the achievement of equality
C. Whether maternity insurance was desirable for working mothers
D. Whether working mothers faced obstacles
E. Whether women's emancipation should be subordinated to the liberation of the Russian population
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Historians have identified two dominant [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2016, 04:20
Can someone explain the question 1. My answer is C for first question. Why is this wrong?
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Historians have identified two dominant [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2016, 08:35
bansal4uin The 1st paragraph tells us about the differences between 2 schools of thoughts but the 2nd paragraph tells us about the point on which both the schools of thoughts agreed.

Quote:
C. contrasting two approaches to solving a political problem

Option C talks only about contrasting (or differences) and hence only talks about paragraph 1 - paragraph 2 is not explained by this option.

Quote:
A. identifying points of agreement between two groups

Option A tells us about the value of paragraph 2. A valid question that can come to your mind could be, "If Option C is wrong because it suffered from omitting the value of paragraph 2, then why can't A be wrong because it fails to explain the value of paragraph 1". The reason why A is correct is because we can take paragraph 1 to be a primer or an introduction to the main body i.e. paragraph 2. So in essence the main idea of the passage is in paragraph 2 and paragraph 1 only gives us a background and sort of tells us why the situation elaborated in paragraph 2 is significant (that in spite of the extreme differences between the 2 schools of thoughts elaborated in paragraph 1, the 2 schools of thoughts agreed in 1 area).
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Historians have identified two dominant [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2016, 04:39
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6 mins all correct. Easy one. Let me know if there are any doubts.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Historians have identified two dominant [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2016, 01:07
7 mins. All Correct. Question 2 is tricky.
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GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Historians have identified two dominant [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2016, 04:56
To choose the correct option for question 2 , one has to read the last line again where "socialists and most bourgeois feminists" is mentioned.

the line says
Finally, socialist feminists and most bourgeois feminists concurred(agreed) in subordinating(giving lower preference to) women's emancipation to what they considered the more important goal of liberating the entire Russian population from political oppression, economic backwardness, and social injustice.

I hope it helps.
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GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Historians have identified two dominant [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2016, 08:58
6.5 min taken
2/3 correct questions.

The toughest question in this passage is the 2nd one (as stats shows). I got it incorrect, too. I choose C instead of B. Understanding the phrase "in subordinating" is key to answer this 2nd question:

"Finally, socialist feminists and most bourgeois feminists concurred in subordinating women's emancipation to what they considered the more important goal of liberating the entire Russian population from political oppression, economic backwardness, and social injustice."

This means that both groups agree that W's emancipation should be less important than liberating Russia from some big problems. So, The main goal should be liberating Russia, and indeed the efforts should be focussed on achieving this more important goal first. B is correct!

Answer choice C is incorrect because the passage never says that emancipation of W is a mean to achieve the big goal of Russia.

Hope this help guys!

Thanks

Rumi
GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Historians have identified two dominant   [#permalink] 29 Oct 2016, 08:58

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