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GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Many environmentalists, and some econom

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GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Many environmentalists, and some econom [#permalink]

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Many environmentalists, and some economists, say that free trade encourages industry to relocate to countries with ineffective or poorly enforced anti pollutions laws, mostly in the developing world, and that, in order to maintain competitiveness, rich nations have joined this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution.

(A) that, in order to maintain competitiveness, rich nations have joined this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution

(B) that, for maintaining competitiveness, rich nations join in this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution

(C) that rich nations join this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution because of wanting to maintain competitiveness

(D) that in rich nations, joining this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution is a result of wanting to maintain competition

(E) that wanting to maintain competition is making rich nations join in this downward slide toward an attitude about pollution that is more lax
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Many environmentalists, and some econom [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2008, 23:42
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I think we have to look for parallelism here.
...that free trade encourages industry to relocate to countries with.... and ...that, (...), rich nations join in this downward slide toward.....

My only fear is that "for maintaining competitiveness" in (B) is less idimatic than "in order to maintain competitiveness" in (A). However, I will go with (B). What is OA?
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Many environmentalists, and some econom [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2008, 23:42
GMAT TIGER wrote:
A. no error..

Can you elaborate further and explain what is the error with the others?
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Many environmentalists, and some econom [#permalink]

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abhijit_sen wrote:
Many environmentalists, and some economists, say that free trade encourages industry to relocate to countries with ineffective or poorly enforced anti pollutions laws, mostly in the developing world, and that, in order to maintain competitiveness, rich nations have joined this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution.

A) that, in order to maintain competitiveness, rich nations have joined this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution.
B) that, for maintaining competitiveness, rich nations join in this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution
C) that rich nations join this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution because of wanting to maintain competitiveness
D) that in rich nations, joining this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution is a result of wanting to maintain competition
E) that wanting to maintain competition is making rich nations join in this downward slide toward an attitude about pollution that is more lax


CDE are outright wrong
A and B are different in terms of tense and idiom.

Tense:- A is in present perfet where as B is in past tense. The sentence should be in present perfect tense.

Idiom:- "in order to maintain competitiveness" sounds better for me than "for maintaining competitiveness".
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Many environmentalists, and some econom [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2008, 12:22
Confused between A and B.

Will go with B as "free trade encourages..." looks parallel to "rich nations join...."
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Many environmentalists, and some econom [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2008, 18:47
spriya wrote:
abhijit_sen wrote:
Many environmentalists, and some economists, say that free trade encourages industry to relocate to countries with ineffective or poorly enforced anti pollutions laws, mostly in the developing world, and that, in order to maintain competitiveness, rich nations have joined this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution.

A) that, in order to maintain competitiveness, rich nations have joined this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution. - tense is not matching that of prev part of sentence
B) that, for maintaining competitiveness, rich nations join in this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution -> perfect simple present is used
C) that rich nations join this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution because of wanting to maintain competitiveness
D) that in rich nations, joining this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution is a result of wanting to maintain competition
E) that wanting to maintain competition is making rich nations join in this downward slide toward an attitude about pollution that is more lax

whats the OA ???
This is an interesting question
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Many environmentalists, and some econom [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2008, 22:14
abhijit_sen wrote:
OA is A.


Good one
But can anyone explain how do we know which tense to use say here we have present tense in option B and present perfect in option A

how do we decide to use which tense?
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Many environmentalists, and some econom [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2008, 09:11
Can someone explain how to pick tenses in such questions as asked by spriya
Altho i got the ans correct for this one but I had little to choose between A and B can easily pick the wrong one on D day
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Many environmentalists, and some econom [#permalink]

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I think most of us agree that choice is between A and B. So here is explanation on why B is wrong.

"join in" implies as if rich nations are colluding. Moreover simple present tense "join" implies that this activity has just started. However as original sentence indicates that activity started in the past and still continuing.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Many environmentalists, and some econom [#permalink]

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Okay, please allow me to join the class late for I got stuck in a traffic jam, cause by alien UFO's :P

Okay here is my view:
In A, Perfect Tense was used, which indicates that this situation arose recently just to maintain comptetiveness and this still continues in the present.....

In B, Simple Present tense was used, which indicates that this, downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution is a general and consistant trend of Rich Nations.
I guess you can see the difference in the meaning..

when two sentences are grammatically correct and have difference in meanings than always go for A because it is original
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Many environmentalists, and some econom [#permalink]

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NEW PROJECT!: Back to basic => Give your explanation- Get Kudos Point for best explanation

Many environmentalists, and some economists, say that free trade encourages industry to relocate to countries with ineffective or poorly enforced antipollution laws, mostly in the developing world, and that, in order to maintain competitiveness, rich nations have joined this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution.

A. that, in order to maintain competitiveness, rich nations have joined this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution
B. that, for maintaining competitiveness, rich nations join in this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution
C. that rich nations join this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution because of wanting to maintain competitiveness
D. that in rich nations, joining this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution is a result of wanting to maintain competition
E. that wanting to maintain competition is making rich nations join in this downward slide toward an attitude about pollution that is more lax
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Many environmentalists, and some econom [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2014, 07:40
PiyushK wrote:
NEW PROJECT!: Back to basic => Give your explanation- Get Kudos Point for best explanation

Many environmentalists, and some economists, say that free trade encourages industry to relocate to countries with ineffective or poorly enforced antipollution laws, mostly in the developing world, and that, in order to maintain competitiveness, rich nations have joined this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution.

A. that, in order to maintain competitiveness, rich nations have joined this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution
B. that, for maintaining competitiveness, rich nations join in this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution
C. that rich nations join this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution because of wanting to maintain competitiveness
D. that in rich nations, joining this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution is a result of wanting to maintain competition
E. that wanting to maintain competition is making rich nations join in this downward slide toward an attitude about pollution that is more lax


We need parallelism here between 2 statements said by the environmentalists & economists. So, connect them with AND. A is the correct answer here.

the say THAT - free trade blah blah
AND
THAT - rich nations blah blah.

Slash and Burn is the technique to use. (Courtesy: Veritas/Brian).
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Many environmentalists, and some econom [#permalink]

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abhijit_sen wrote:
Many environmentalists, and some economists, say that free trade encourages industry to relocate to countries with ineffective or poorly enforced anti pollutions laws, mostly in the developing world, and that, in order to maintain competitiveness, rich nations have joined this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution.

A) that, in order to maintain competitiveness, rich nations have joined this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution.
B) that, for maintaining competitiveness, rich nations join in this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution
C) that rich nations join this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution because of wanting to maintain competitiveness
D) that in rich nations, joining this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution is a result of wanting to maintain competition
E) that wanting to maintain competition is making rich nations join in this downward slide toward an attitude about pollution that is more lax


b
to show a purpose of an action presented be a definite verb (not do-ed, or doing), a verb showing tense, we use "to do", not "for doing". "for doing" can be used to show a purpose of a noun: a pen for paiting. this concept is purely grammatical and is mentioned in grammar books.
B is out.

C.
the pattern "because of +noun" can be an adverb. but writen in C, grammatically, the subject "nations" dose not refer to "wanting". so, "wanting "become unclear and not logic. og book offers a question "golden crap" which contain this pattern "because of doing" .but og dose not offer correct explanation of why this pattern is wrong.

D and E
it is not clear who do "wanting". unclear, we need to show that "nations" "want".
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Many environmentalists, and some econom [#permalink]

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Any choice with a simple present tense used in this context, makes it look as though it is the routine habit of rich nations to join the downward slide toward more lax attitude. B, C, D and E can be eliminated for this reason. A is the correct choice, because of using the contextually correct present perfect ‘have joined’
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Originally posted by daagh on 01 Feb 2016, 05:28.
Last edited by daagh on 26 Dec 2016, 06:51, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Many environmentalists, and some econom [#permalink]

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Many environmentalists, and some economists, say that free trade encourages industry to relocate to countries with ineffective or poorly enforced anti pollutions laws, mostly in the developing world, and that, in order to maintain competitiveness, rich nations have joined this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution.

A) that, in order to maintain competitiveness, rich nations have joined this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution.
B) that, for maintaining competitiveness, rich nations join in this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution
C) that rich nations join this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution because of wanting to maintain competitiveness
D) that in rich nations, joining this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution is a result of wanting to maintain competition
E) that wanting to maintain competition is making rich nations join in this downward slide toward an attitude about pollution that is more lax

Between A & B => present tense is wrong in rich nations join in this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution. Present tense is used to convey facts that are always true. Like blood flows in veins. sun rises in the east.

To show purpose, "to" is uesd not "for"
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Many environmentalists, and some econom [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2016, 21:52
Many environmentalists, and some economists, say that free trade encourages industry to relocate to countries with ineffective or poorly enforced anti pollutions laws, mostly in the developing world, and that, in order to maintain competitiveness, rich nations have joined this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution.

A) that, in order to maintain competitiveness, rich nations have joined this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution.
B) that, for maintaining competitiveness, rich nations join in this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution : not a general truth we are talking about.
C) that rich nations join this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution because of wanting to maintain competitiveness & because of Verb-ing is wrong.
D) that in rich nations, joining this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution is a result of wanting to maintain competition
E) that wanting to maintaincompetition is making rich nations join in this downward slide toward an attitude about pollution that is more lax
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Many environmentalists, and some economists, say that free trade [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2017, 07:11
Many environmentalists, and some economists, say that free trade encourages industry to relocate to countries with ineffective or poorly enforced antipollution laws, mostly in the developing world, and that, in order to maintain competitiveness, rich nations have joined this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution.

A. that, in order to maintain competitiveness, rich nations have joined this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution
B. that, to maintain competitiveness, rich nations join this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution
C. that rich nations join this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution because they want to maintain competitiveness
D. that rich nations joining this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution is a result of wanting to maintain competition
E. that wanting to maintain competition is making rich nations join in this downward slide toward an attitude about pollution that is more lax
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Many environmentalists, and some econom [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2017, 01:24
abhijit_sen wrote:
Many environmentalists, and some economists, say that free trade encourages industry to relocate to countries with ineffective or poorly enforced anti pollutions laws, mostly in the developing world, and that, in order to maintain competitiveness, rich nations have joined this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution.

(A) that, in order to maintain competitiveness, rich nations have joined this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution

(B) that, for maintaining competitiveness, rich nations join in this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution

(C) that rich nations join this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution because of wanting to maintain competitiveness

(D) that in rich nations, joining this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution is a result of wanting to maintain competition

(E) that wanting to maintain competition is making rich nations join in this downward slide toward an attitude about pollution that is more lax


There is an "AND"
Look for parallelism .. say that__to relocate----and that__to maintain__ B is out
C- Because of wanting??? because they want is better
D - wanting to maintain? No !! E as well

A is the answer
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Many environmentalists, and some econom [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jan 2018, 00:12
B is a trap answer choice as it provides a superficial parallelism between SAY and JOIN.

“TO” is preferred to express the intention and purpose. Hence “to maintain” is better than “for maintaining” in the context. Also, rich nation JOIN IN THIS ..” changes the meaning. It seems nations are joining with one another.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Many environmentalists, and some econom [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jan 2018, 00:22
Ashank07 wrote:
B is a trap answer choice as it provides a superficial parallelism between SAY and JOIN.

“TO” is preferred to express the intention and purpose. Hence “to maintain” is better than “for maintaining” in the context. Also, rich nation JOIN IN THIS ..” changes the meaning. It seems nations are joining with one another.


Actually, in B there is no superficial parallelism created. The second "that" is also starting a noun clause which is an object of the verb "say". So the construction is XXX say that ... and that...

"join" is part of the dependent clause started by the second "that" and therefore it cannot be parallel to "say".
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Many environmentalists, and some econom   [#permalink] 26 Jan 2018, 00:22
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