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# Golden Retrievers, Labradors, and German Shepherds are

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Senior Manager
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Golden Retrievers, Labradors, and German Shepherds are  [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2014, 16:31
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

66% (00:51) correct 34% (01:06) wrong based on 310 sessions

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Golden Retrievers, Labradors, and German Shepherds are popular as guide dogs in that they have been bred to cooperate with humans.

A) dogs in that they have been bred to cooperate with humans
B) dogs, because of their being bred for humans' cooperation
C) dogs, for they have been bred to cooperate with humans
D) dogs, being bred to cooperate with humans
E) dogs, by their breeding as cooperating with humans
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Joined: 23 Mar 2014
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Re: Golden Retrievers, Labradors, and German Shepherds  [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2014, 04:28
the correct ans will connect the two independent clauses. for they is a suitable connector in this case. all others are inappropriate
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Re: Golden Retrievers, Labradors, and German Shepherds are  [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2014, 05:04
the correct ans will connect the two independent clauses.
for they seems to be most appropriate and is the answer
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Re: Golden Retrievers, Labradors, and German Shepherds are  [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2014, 19:34
1
Golden Retrievers, Labradors, and German Shepherds are popular as guide dogs in that they have been bred to cooperate with humans.

A) dogs in that they have been bred to cooperate with humans
Incorrect. This answer choice is stylistically flawed. The phrase in that is awkward and confusing, as it does not clearly express the relationship between the sentence's two clauses. You need to search for an answer choice that makes logical and concise use of a conjunction to connect the two clauses.

B) dogs, because of their being bred for humans' cooperation
Incorrect. While this answer choice corrects the original stylistic flaw by using because of, it creates a new stylistic flaw and changes the meaning of the original sentence. First, the phrase because of their being bred is awkward and wordy.
In addition humans' cooperation does not mean the same as cooperating with humans. In the original sentence dogs cooperate with humans whereas in the corrected sentence humans cooperate with dogs.

C) dogs, for they have been bred to cooperate with humans
Correct. This answer choice corrects the stylistic flaw in the original question, by changing in that to for, which logically connect the sentence's two clauses in a relationship of cause and effect.
[Golden Retrievers, Labradors, and German Shepherds are popular as guide dogs,]
for / because / since / as
[they have been bred to cooperate with humans]
Note that the preposition for can also be used as a reason conjunction.

Example:
John does not travel by air because he fears flying.
John does not travel by air for he fears flying.

D) dogs, being bred to cooperate with humans
Incorrect. This answer choice is stylistically flawed. The phrase being bred to awkward and confusing, as it does not clearly express the relationship between the sentence's two clauses. Search for an answer choice that makes logical and concise use of a conjunction to connect the two clauses.

E) dogs, by their breeding as cooperating with humans
Incorrect. This answer choice is stylistically flawed. The phrase by their breeding as is awkward and confusing, as it does not clearly express the relationship between the sentence's two clauses. Search for an answer choice that makes logical and concise use of a conjunction to connect the two clauses.
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Re: Golden Retrievers, Labradors, and German Shepherds are  [#permalink]

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24 Feb 2015, 22:36
Is it wrong to say "Being bred to cooperate with humans, Golden Retrievers, Labradors, and German Shepherds are popular as guide dogs."?
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Re: Golden Retrievers, Labradors, and German Shepherds are  [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2015, 12:40
I wouldn't use "being bred" unless they are currently being bred for this purpose. Otherwise I'd say "Having been bred." Note that answer choices with the word "being" are rarely correct. "Being" is of course a valid English word, but it tends to get used in SC constructions that are either flat-out grammatically incorrect or at best redundant or ambiguous.

I should add that I see nothing wrong with A in this problem, and I doubt we'd have to choose between answers like A and C on a real GMAT problem.
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Re: Golden Retrievers, Labradors, and German Shepherds are  [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2015, 18:50
'In that' can be used in place of 'because'.
There is no error in A to differntiate from C. DmitryFarber is right. It is unlikely a GMAT question.
Thanks!
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Re: Golden Retrievers, Labradors, and German Shepherds are  [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2015, 12:27
The answer is C. Not bad question.
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Re: Golden Retrievers, Labradors, and German Shepherds are  [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2015, 04:35
goodyear2013 wrote:
Golden Retrievers, Labradors, and German Shepherds are popular as guide dogs in that they have been bred to cooperate with humans.

A) dogs in that they have been bred to cooperate with humans
B) dogs, because of their being bred for humans' cooperation
C) dogs, for they have been bred to cooperate with humans
D) dogs, being bred to cooperate with humans
E) dogs, by their breeding as cooperating with humans

Official Economist Explaination:

Answer choice C corrects the stylistic flaw in the original question, by changing in that to for, which logically connect the sentence's two clauses in a relationship of cause and effect.

[Golden Retrievers, Labradors, and German Shepherds are popular as guide dogs,]

for / because / since / as

[they have been bred to cooperate with humans]

Note that the preposition for can also be used as a reason conjunction.

Example:
John does not travel by air because he fears flying.
John does not travel by air for he fears flying.
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Re: Golden Retrievers, Labradors, and German Shepherds are  [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2017, 00:24
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Golden Retrievers, Labradors, and German Shepherds are   [#permalink] 25 Aug 2017, 00:24
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# Golden Retrievers, Labradors, and German Shepherds are

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