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# Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both

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Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2013, 19:07
This assumption question asks you to bridge the gap between the conclusion that garland will have to import meat or grain based and the premise that Meat consumption is increasing and meat uses lots of grain. Thus we will have to assume that the increase in meat consumption will mean that grain consumption either remains the same or also increases.
Hang Tuah wrote:
Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both grain and meat. However, as per capita income in Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world average, and it takes several pounds of grains to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either grain or meat or both.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortlnad will not decrease substantially acreage is out of scope because we don't have a connection between grain production and acreage
(B) The population of Gortland has remained relatively constant during the countryâ€™s years of growing prosperityYou do not have to assume a constant population for the income level to affect the meat consumption
(C) The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is roughly the same across all income levelsas long as it is increasing, it doesn't matter which demographic increases more or less
(D) In Gortland, neither meat nor grain is subject to government price controlsprice controls are out of scope - as the argument makes it clear meat consumption is increasing with or without the prices
(E) People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain[color=#2e3192]This is the assumption because if there were a dramatic decrease in grain then that could make up for the increase in meat consumption and therefore you have to assume this will not happen in order to come to the stated conclusion[/color]

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Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2013, 20:46
Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both grain and meat. However, as per capita income in Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world average, and it takes several pounds of grains to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either grain or meat or both.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortlnad will not decrease substantially
it does not help to prove that the domestic grain production will not increase which is a premise the argument is based on

(B) The population of Gortland has remained relatively constant during the countryâ€™s years of growing prosperity
the argument mentions about per capital consumption of meat or grain, not the whole population's consumption of meat or grain

(C) The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is roughly the same across all income levels
the argument does not mention about per capital consumption for specific income levels, so this is not relevant

(D) In Gortland, neither meat nor grain is subject to government price controls
out of scope

(E) People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain
Correct. the argument is based on the assumption that grain consumption will not decrease as the meat consumption increase, therefore, as the domestic production of grain will not increase, it will have to import more grain or meat or both
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Classify this CR question ? [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2013, 08:41
Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both grain and meat. However, as per capita income in Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world average, and it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either grain or meat or both.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will not decrease substantially.
B. The population of Gortland has remained relatively constant during the country’s years of growing prosperity.
C. The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is roughly the same across all income levels.
D. In Gortland, neither meat nor grain is subject to government price controls.
E. People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain.

Can anyone tell me, whether this question is harder/medium/low ? I took 5 mins to solve this question
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Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2013, 09:17
Merged topic.

Please use the search button before to post a question.

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Last edited by Narenn on 07 Oct 2013, 09:20, edited 1 time in total.
All similar threads have been merged.
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Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2014, 18:14
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Hi,

I agree that if consumption of grain decrease, there is no need for Gortland to import grain! But I still don't understand why there is no need of importing meat in Gortland if consumption of grain decrease and consumption of meat increase?
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Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2014, 11:41
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LucyDang wrote:
Hi,

I agree that if consumption of grain decrease, there is no need for Gortland to import grain! But I still don't understand why there is no need of importing meat in Gortland if consumption of grain decrease and consumption of meat increase?

The argument clearly says that the production of meat depends on the amount of grain available. That means, if the consumption of grain decreases and thereby increasing the amount of grain available for meat production, meat production will ultimately increase. Hence, no need to import either grain or meat.

Hope it makes sense
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Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2014, 13:26
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Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both grain and meat. However, as per capita income in Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world average, and it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either grain or meat or both.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
A. The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will soon decrease.
B. Importing either grain or meat will not result in a significantly higher percentage of Gortlanders' incomes being spent on food than is currently the case.
C. The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is increasing at roughly the same rate across all income levels.
D. The per capita income of meat producers in Gortland is rising faster than the per capita income of grain producers.
E. People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain.
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Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2014, 23:50
souvik101990 wrote:
Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both grain and meat. However, as per capita income in Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world average, and it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either grain or meat or both.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
A. The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will soon decrease.
B. Importing either grain or meat will not result in a significantly higher percentage of Gortlanders' incomes being spent on food than is currently the case.
C. The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is increasing at roughly the same rate across all income levels.
D. The per capita income of meat producers in Gortland is rising faster than the per capita income of grain producers.
E. People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA: 24 hours

Points to consider: Gortland has long been "narrowly self-sufficient" in both grain and meat. If people keep in consuming both at the same rate then import is not required. Significant amount of Grain is required to produce small amount of meat. So, to increase the meat production along with no import, rice consumption has to be decreased significantly.
A: Wrong because even if the production of grian does not decease, condition for import may arise.
B: People are earning more, so its not an issue.
C: Per-Capita income is the average income of the city. So, variance of income is also inferred from it. Not an assumption.
D: "Income of Grain producers" !!! Out of scope.
E: Correct: As mentioned above in the discussion.
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Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2014, 09:49
I think E is wrong, because it clearly states that to produce one pound of meat it takes several pounds of grain.

I think the correct answer is C.
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Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2014, 09:21
souvik101990 wrote:
Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both grain and meat. However, as per capita income in Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world average, and it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either grain or meat or both.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
A. The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will soon decrease.
B. Importing either grain or meat will not result in a significantly higher percentage of Gortlanders' incomes being spent on food than is currently the case.
C. The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is increasing at roughly the same rate across all income levels.
D. The per capita income of meat producers in Gortland is rising faster than the per capita income of grain producers.
E. People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA: 24 hours

Reason is very logical....if you eat more meat than your consumption of grains decrease....

same is the logic here....they say because Gortlanders are eating more meat they will reduce their consumption of grains....and hence they do not need to import
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Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2014, 00:25
Thanks to give me such useful information.
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Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2014, 02:11
BeckyRobinsonTPR wrote:
This assumption question asks you to bridge the gap between the conclusion that garland will have to import meat or grain based and the premise that Meat consumption is increasing and meat uses lots of grain. Thus we will have to assume that the increase in meat consumption will mean that grain consumption either remains the same or also increases.
Hang Tuah wrote:
Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both grain and meat. However, as per capita income in Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world average, and it takes several pounds of grains to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either grain or meat or both.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortlnad will not decrease substantially acreage is out of scope because we don't have a connection between grain production and acreage
(B) The population of Gortland has remained relatively constant during the countryâ€™s years of growing prosperityYou do not have to assume a constant population for the income level to affect the meat consumption
(C) The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is roughly the same across all income levelsas long as it is increasing, it doesn't matter which demographic increases more or less
(D) In Gortland, neither meat nor grain is subject to government price controlsprice controls are out of scope - as the argument makes it clear meat consumption is increasing with or without the prices
(E) People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain[color=#2e3192]This is the assumption because if there were a dramatic decrease in grain then that could make up for the increase in meat consumption and therefore you have to assume this will not happen in order to come to the stated conclusion[/color]

Hello, I am new here. I know the OA is E, but I still think population is a very important factor. I thought about it over and over again and now hold a grudge against answer E. To me, the OA has at least one logical opening left for attack. See how I challenge it:

Say "people in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain", alright, but how about a plague started and wipes out 95% of the Gortland population? Gortland surely will need no import of neither meat nor grain for a long time. The OA, which is E, in my opinion, guarantees only the increase of per capital meat and grain consumption , but it doesn't guarantee the number of people from a radical fall, which seems an opening to me.
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Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2014, 02:22
I could not understand why is option C not even relevant. The author also assumed that all kinds of people are eating more and more meat in gortland..
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Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2015, 12:12
1 Meat = 10 grain (it takes several pounds of grain to produce meat)
Consumption Earlier -
Meat - 100 = 1000 grain
Grain - 100
Total Grain = 1100

Choice (E)
Consumption Increase of Meat = 120 = 1200 grain
Consumption decrease of grain (Not Significant) = 90
Total = 1290

Extra = 190 (Need to Import) Leading to Conclusion that there would be need to import
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Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2015, 01:17
Ralphcuisak wrote:
I could not understand why is option C not even relevant. The author also assumed that all kinds of people are eating more and more meat in gortland..

We are only concerned with the increase or decrease in meat consumption, not its increase or decrease across specific income levels. It really does not matter if only a small proportion of the population is eating meat (and contributing to its increased consumption) or if it is consumed by all sections.
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Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2016, 13:48
I need a week lesson on this barter system. All the question on this barter system have always tricked me. Even with this explanation, internalization is yet to occur. What's fundamentally different in these barter questions?
Help!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
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Does the sentence play any role in the argument? [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2016, 01:19
Does the sentence ("it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat") play any role in the argument? i want to mean that if i remove this part from the argument, will it hamper the correct answer option E? Actually, I'm not removing anything from the original question; I'm just doing that to convince myself that I've understood the question or not.

Thanks...
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Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2016, 23:39
Negate E:
People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will radically decrease their consumption of grain.
the conclusion is Gortland will need to import either grain or meat or both, ==> the consumption of meat and grain will increase ==> weaken the conclusion
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Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2016, 08:50
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Hey folks , i found amazing explanation of this question on following link. Check it out. Nice work done by ChiranjeevSingh
http://gmatwithcj.com/solutions/critica ... ufficient/
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Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2017, 03:40
A. The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will soon decrease.( Wrong Answer : Acreage devoted to grain production is nowhere discussed in the argument hence this option is irrelevant.)
B. Importing either grain or meat will not result in a significantly higher percentage of Gortlanders' incomes being spent on food than is currently the case.( Wrong Answer : The discussion of the %age of income being spent on food is not relevant to the argument.)
C. The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is increasing at roughly the same rate across all income levels.( Wrong Answer : The distribution of per capita consumption of meat across income levels is irrelevant to the argument at hand.)
D. The per capita income of meat producers in Gortland is rising faster than the per capita income of grain producers.( Wrong Answer : No such comparison is made in the argument.
E. People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain.( Right Answer : The argument assumes that the level of consumption of grain will not get affected by the increased level of consumption of meat. )
Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient   [#permalink] 01 Mar 2017, 03:40

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