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# Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both

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Director
Joined: 29 Oct 2004
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Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2004, 11:38
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74% (02:22) correct 26% (01:46) wrong based on 1404 sessions

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Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both grain and meat. However, as per capita income in Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world average, and it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either grain or meat or both.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will soon decrease.
(B) Importing either grain or meat will not result in a significantly higher percentage of Gortlanders' incomes being spent on food than is currently the case.
(C) The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is increasing at roughly the same rate across all income levels.
(D) The per capita income of meat producers in Gortland is rising faster than the per capita income of grain producers.
(E) People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain.

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Intern
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23 Dec 2004, 15:34
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Choice E says people will NOT radically decrease consumption of grain - which means the demand could remain the same (if not increased). It is also stated that it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat, and if the consumption of meat increases, it implies that the need for grain automatically increases. And if people do not reduce the consumption of grain, they could fall short of grains (to get the meat), which could call for import of the grains too !!

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Director
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23 Dec 2004, 17:05
Oh, I did missed that part. Thanks.
Manager
Joined: 28 Jan 2005
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Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2005, 23:58
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Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

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Question No.: 56
Page: 139
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Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both grain and meat. However, as per capita income in Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world average, and it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either grain or meat or both.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A: The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will not decrease substantially.
B: The population of Gortland has remained relatively constant during the country's years of growing prosperity.
C: The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is roughly the same across all income levels.
D: In Gortland, neither meat nor grain is subject to government price controls.
E: People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain.
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Last edited by Narenn on 07 Oct 2013, 09:30, edited 2 times in total.
Necessary Corrections for Official Guide Verbal Review 2nd Edition Project
Senior Manager
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24 Apr 2005, 00:15
E.

if consumption of grain remains same, there will not be additional grain to produce meat. argument holds.
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Joined: 26 Apr 2004
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24 Apr 2005, 06:53
How to refute B.

If the population of Gortland has decreased, then the total consumption will decrease and Gortland will not have to import either grain or meat or both.

Director
Joined: 05 Jul 2004
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24 Apr 2005, 10:56
Agree with (E).

chunjuwu wrote:
How to refute B.

even though population is constant, its per capita will keep on increasing(as per eveidence). This assumption has no effect on the argument.
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24 Apr 2005, 19:57
B says that population remains constant. but argument states that per capita income is rising so is consumption of grain and meat. even if population decrease, per capita income may rise to such an extent that it it offsets amount consumed by decreased population.
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Manager
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27 Apr 2005, 05:12
The OA is (E). Thank you.
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Manager
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27 Apr 2005, 05:12
The OA is (E). Thank you.
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Manager
Joined: 21 Sep 2006
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Location: Where you mind is
Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2007, 04:24
1
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Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both grain and meat. However, as per capita income in Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world average, and it takes several pounds of grains to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either grain or meat or both.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortlnad will not decrease substantially
(B) The population of Gortland has remained relatively constant during the countryâ€™s years of growing prosperity
(C) The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is roughly the same across all income levels
(D) In Gortland, neither meat nor grain is subject to government price controls
(E) People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain

Last edited by Zarrolou on 28 Jul 2013, 02:08, edited 2 times in total.
Director
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18 Jan 2007, 05:28
E is my answer. If the consumption of grain comes down, then there is no need to import the grain or meat or both.
Manager
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19 Jan 2007, 00:38
OA is E
Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Sep 2006
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Gortland has long been self -sufficient in both grain and [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2007, 01:12
Gortland has long been self -sufficient in both grain and meat.However, as per capita income in Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world average, and it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either grain or meat or both.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

a) The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will soon decrease.

b) Importing either grain or meat will not result in a significantly higher percentage of Gortlander's incomes being spent on food than is currently the case.

c) The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is increaing at roughly the same rate across all income levels.

d) The per capita income of meat producers in Gortland is rising faster than the per capita income of grain producers.

e) People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain.
Senior Manager
Joined: 11 Feb 2007
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06 Apr 2007, 06:49
E.

a) The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will soon decrease.
- Decrease in production of grain is not mentioned.

b) Importing either grain or meat will not result in a significantly higher percentage of Gortlander's incomes being spent on food than is currently the case.
- proportion of expenditure on food in income is not mentioned.

c) The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is increaing at roughly the same rate across all income levels.
- "same rate" is irrelevant.

d) The per capita income of meat producers in Gortland is rising faster than the per capita income of grain producers.
- irrelevant

e) People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain.
- Yes, since ppl will not radically decrease their consumption of grain, Gortland may have to import grain.

Intern
Joined: 02 Apr 2007
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06 Apr 2007, 07:14
Yes. E is the answer. Negation works here.
Manager
Joined: 26 Feb 2007
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06 Apr 2007, 07:35
E.
Manager
Joined: 20 Nov 2006
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06 Apr 2007, 22:24
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E is the answer. If the meat consumption increases, the grain consumption should come down, which will offset partially the production of meat. But if it doesn't happen, then the import becomes necessary
Director
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07 Apr 2007, 23:47
E !
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Senior Manager
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09 Apr 2007, 20:13
OA is E
09 Apr 2007, 20:13

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