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Government officials announced that restrictions

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Government officials announced that restrictions [#permalink]

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Government officials announced that restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciative increase in the level of the river resulted from the intermittent showers that had fallen throughout the area the day before .

(A) restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciative increase in the level of the river

(B) restricting the use of water would continue because there had not been any appreciative increase in the river's level that

(C) the use of water would continue to be restricted because not any appreciable increase in the river's level had

(D) restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciable increase in the level of the river had

(E) Using water would continue being restricted because not any appreciable increase in the level of the river
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Government officials announced that restrictions [#permalink]

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'Appreciable ' is the correct usage.

That leaves us with D and E. Between those options, in E ' because NOT any' sounds awkward, so does ' would continue Being'. Hence, D is the winner.

Hope that helps!

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Re: Government officials announced that restrictions [#permalink]

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Government officials announced that restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciative increase in the level of the river resulted from the intermittent showers that had fallen throughout the area the day before .

D)restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciable increase in the level of the river had



I am not convinced with D. How Can there be two Past perfect in a single sentence ?

Shouldn't there be simple past 'Resulted' instead of 'Had resulted' as Increase in level obviously would occur after showers had fallen ?
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Re: Government officials announced that restrictions [#permalink]

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it is reporting sentence that is why one needs to use Past Perfect in place where in direct speech would use Past Simple

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New post 26 Aug 2015, 08:02
in d, there are twoo had done in one sentence

problematic
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Re: Government officials announced that restrictions [#permalink]

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JarvisR wrote:
Government officials announced that restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciative increase in the level of the river resulted from the intermittent showers that had fallen throughout the area the day before .

A)restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciative increase in the level of the river

B)restricting the use of water would continue because there had not been any appreciative increase in the river's level that

C)the use of water would continue to be restricted because not any appreciable increase in the river's level had

D)restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciable increase in the level of the river had

E)Using water would continue being restricted because not any appreciable increase in the level of the river


“appreciative” means “showing gratitude”
"appreciable" means "substantial or significant "

so showers took place first then water level increased and then govt officials announced the restrictions
(past perfect) (past perfect) (simple past)
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Re: Government officials announced that restrictions [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2016, 05:59
JarvisR wrote:
Government officials announced that restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciative increase in the level of the river resulted from the intermittent showers that had fallen throughout the area the day before .

A)restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciative increase in the level of the river

B)restricting the use of water would continue because there had not been any appreciative increase in the river's level that

C)the use of water would continue to be restricted because not any appreciable increase in the river's level had

D)restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciable increase in the level of the river had

E)Using water would continue being restricted because not any appreciable increase in the level of the river


So we have 3 main events to sequence here:
1. Officials announced
2. Resulted
3. Fallen

"Announced" is part of an independent clause and "resulted" is its dependant clause. it makes sense to sequence those 2 events. from the context, if makes sense that "announced" happened after "resulted".

Now, since "fallen" is accompanied by "the day before", it is clear that the 2 events in the past did not occur at the same time, and that fallen is the oldest event out of the three.

=> D is correct

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Re: Government officials announced that restrictions [#permalink]

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Government officials announced that restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciative increase in the level of the river resulted from the intermittent showers that had fallen throughout the area the day before .

Issue: Verb Form | Construction

Analysis:
1. "appreciative" - showing gratitude VS "appreciable" - noticeable - Slight difference in word but huge difference in meaning. And "increase" can not be appreciative.
2. "Restriction" should be the main subject to convey the meaning succinctly.

A) restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciative increase in the level of the river
- "appreciative" is incorrect
- Also missing "had" at the end, distorting the temporal relationship between "increase in level" and "intermittent rain"


B) restricting the use of water would continue because there had not been any appreciative increase in the river's level that
- "appreciative" is incorrect
- "that" seems incorrect modifier


C) the use of water would continue to be restricted because not any appreciable increase in the river's level had
- use of "the use of water" leads to unnecessary passive voice
- "not any.." is unidiomatic and can be replaced by simple "no.."


D) restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciable increase in the level of the river had

E) Using water would continue being restricted because not any appreciable increase in the level of the river
- "not any.." is unidiomatic and can be replaced by simple "no.."
- Also missing "had" at the end, distorting the temporal relationship between "increase in level" and "intermittent rain"

Answer: (D)

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Re: Government officials announced that restrictions [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2017, 03:42
Had is required here for connecting two related events in past perfect tense. so , that gives us with only 2 options.

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Re: Government officials announced that restrictions [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2017, 23:58
Got confused with the use of 'had+past participle' two times.
In what cases can this structure be used?

I know one thing that when words such as 'before' and 'after' are used in a sentence, past perfect tense for the earlier event becomes optional. In this sentence there are 3 RELATED events:
(1) Intermittent showers that had fallen the day before
(2) No appreciable increase in the level of the river
(3) Restrictions on the use of water would continue

(The event 'government officials announced' is not a related event therefore did not mention it in the list above)

If there are more than two related events, can the past perfect be used two times (like in this one) or it depends on other factors?

Will this construction make sense?
Government officials announced that restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciable increase in the level of the river resulted from the intermittent showers that had fallen throughout the area the day before .

GMATNinja need your help here please.
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Re: Government officials announced that restrictions [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2017, 18:44
Government officials announced that restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciative increase in the level of the river resulted from the intermittent showers that had fallen throughout the area the day before .

A) restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciative increase in the level of the river
--> we should use past perfect tense, not simple past tense.

B) restricting the use of water would continue because there had not been any appreciative increase in the river's level that

C) the use of water would continue to be restricted because not any appreciable increase in the river's level had

D) restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciable increase in the level of the river had
--> correct.

E) Using water would continue being restricted because not any appreciable increase in the level of the river
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Re: Government officials announced that restrictions [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 02:22
(A) restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciative increase in the level of the river - Incorrect as appreciable should be used which means substantial and not appreciative which means showing gratitude

(B) restricting the use of water would continue because there had not been any appreciative increase in the river's level that -
same as A
(C) the use of water would continue to be restricted because not any appreciable increase in the river's level had - passive not preferred

(D) restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciable increase in the level of the river had - correct

(E) Using water would continue being restricted because not any appreciable increase in the level of the river -avoid using being

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Re: Government officials announced that restrictions [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2017, 21:47
Shiv2016 wrote:
Got confused with the use of 'had+past participle' two times.
In what cases can this structure be used?

I know one thing that when words such as 'before' and 'after' are used in a sentence, past perfect tense for the earlier event becomes optional. In this sentence there are 3 RELATED events:
(1) Intermittent showers that had fallen the day before
(2) No appreciable increase in the level of the river
(3) Restrictions on the use of water would continue

(The event 'government officials announced' is not a related event therefore did not mention it in the list above)

If there are more than two related events, can the past perfect be used two times (like in this one) or it depends on other factors?

Will this construction make sense?
Government officials announced that restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciable increase in the level of the river resulted from the intermittent showers that had fallen throughout the area the day before .

GMATNinja need your help here please.


I'm not an expert but I'll try to explain.
The 3 verbs here are announced, resulted, and fallen.
The main verb is announced and we need to make it clear that the water not rising happened before announcing, we need a past perfect usage. Had resulted

Now there are 2 past perfect usages. Had resulted and had fallen. Between these 2, with the usage the day before, it is clear that the first incident is the shower falling.
Thus the whole sequencing issues are sorted.

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Re: Government officials announced that restrictions [#permalink]

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D is Correct - The sentence is direct and efficient, and the past-perfect verb had resulted appropriately expresses the sequence of events.
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Re: Government officials announced that restrictions [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2017, 02:49
Government officials announced that restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciative increase in the level of the river resulted from the intermittent showers that had fallen throughout the area the day before .

(A) restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciative increase in the level of the river
--> "resulted" (simple past tense) is not appropriate because this action takes place at the same time as had fallen (past perfect).

(B) restricting the use of water would continue because there had not been any appreciative increase in the river's level that

(C) the use of water would continue to be restricted because not any appreciable increase in the river's level had

(D) restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciable increase in the level of the river had

(E) Using water would continue being restricted because not any appreciable increase in the level of the river
--> awkward.
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Re: Government officials announced that restrictions [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2017, 02:52
dinesh86 wrote:
Government officials announced that restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciative increase in the level of the river resulted from the intermittent showers that had fallen throughout the area the day before .

D)restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciable increase in the level of the river had



I am not convinced with D. How Can there be two Past perfect in a single sentence ?

Shouldn't there be simple past 'Resulted' instead of 'Had resulted' as Increase in level obviously would occur after showers had fallen ?


There can be two Past Perfect in a single sentence provided that they convey the intended time sequencing and meaning correctly.

My advice: understand the intended meaning FIRST, grammar is SECOND.
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New post 24 Aug 2017, 03:04
I would like to ask if, in sentence B, that can jump over the preceding prepositional phrase in river's level to modify not any appreciative level ?

Many thanks for your help ;)
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Yes. Even now that is only referring to the increase only and not river's level, because falling rains do not cause river's level but cause an increase in the level.
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Re: Government officials announced that restrictions [#permalink]

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Shiv2016 wrote:
Got confused with the use of 'had+past participle' two times.
In what cases can this structure be used?

I know one thing that when words such as 'before' and 'after' are used in a sentence, past perfect tense for the earlier event becomes optional. In this sentence there are 3 RELATED events:
(1) Intermittent showers that had fallen the day before
(2) No appreciable increase in the level of the river
(3) Restrictions on the use of water would continue

(The event 'government officials announced' is not a related event therefore did not mention it in the list above)

If there are more than two related events, can the past perfect be used two times (like in this one) or it depends on other factors?

Will this construction make sense?
Government officials announced that restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciable increase in the level of the river resulted from the intermittent showers that had fallen throughout the area the day before .

GMATNinja need your help here please.



Hello Shiv2016,

I am not sure of your doubt still persists but still, here is my explanation. :-)

Yes, generally we see use of past perfect tense verb only once in an official sentence. But if there are more that two related events in a sentence, then we can certainly use two past perfect tense verbs to express the sequencing clearly.

There are three past events mentioned in the sentence:

1. announced
2. resulted
3. had fallen

From the context of the sentence, it is clear that the announcement took place only after the level of the river did not rise as desired. This is the reason why the announcement was made.

Hence, to establish proper sequencing between these two related events, we use past perfect tense for the event that took place earlier - had resulted.

Now, the intermittent showers fell the day before. Because the showers were intermittent, the level of the river did not increase as desired. So these two events are also related.

But because the showers fell before no significant rise in the level of the river, this action has also been written in past perfect tense verb.

So now, we have two events written in past perfect tense. To make the sequencing clear between these two past events, the phrase the day before has been used. This phrase makes the sequencing of all the related events absolutely clear.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: Government officials announced that restrictions [#permalink]

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Government officials announced that restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciative increase in the level of the river resulted from the intermittent showers that had fallen throughout the area the day before .

(A) restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciative increase in the level of the river - Verb tense issue - Use of simple past tense verb resulted leads to illogical meaning as we need to establish proper sequencing to denote action denoted by resulted took place before the Government announced; usage of appreciative is incorrect

(B) restricting the use of water would continue because there had not been any appreciative increase in the river's level that - same verb tense issue

(C) the use of water would continue to be restricted because not any appreciable increase in the river's level had - the usage of not any appreciable is awkward

(D) restrictions on the use of water would continue because no appreciable increase in the level of the river had - Correct

(E) Using water would continue being restricted because not any appreciable increase in the level of the river - same verb tense issue ; usage of being

Answer D
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