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# Governor: The bridge that spans the Brookline and Kings boro

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Manager
Joined: 17 Oct 2012
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Governor: The bridge that spans the Brookline and Kings boro [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2014, 04:22
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Governor: The bridge that spans the Brookline and Kings boroughs is in desperate need of repair with estimates in the range of \$30 million. Over one million vehicles cross the bridge each day. Therefore, if the city charges a mere \$1 dollar toll for crossing the bridge, we will be able to raise enough funds to make repairs to the bridge within a month.

Which of the following is an assumption upon which the governor's argument depends?

(A) The bridge, if not repaired, will likely collapse, causing the deaths of many people.
(B) The toll will not cause a significant hardship on the commuters that use the bridge.
(C) The toll will not induce some commuters to use mass transit when traveling between the two boroughs.
(D) After the repairs to the bridge are complete, it is estimated that the bridge will be able to handle 20% more traffic.
(E)Most of the residents in Brookline and Kings use the bridge to commute to work each day.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Why B is not the correct answer?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by carcass on 07 Jul 2014, 04:55, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the title of the question
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Governor: The bridge that spans the Brookline and Kings boro [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2014, 05:08
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Although is a question from veritas prep I think is not an excellent question. Between C and E both could be a possible answer

Conclusion says ;: Therefore, if the city charges a mere \$1 dollar toll for crossing the bridge, we will be able to raise enough funds to make repairs to the bridge within a month.

Now we have the key words the city charges a mere \$1 dollar toll for crossing the bridge so the assumption is : IF the commuters pass through the bridge we raise money because the have to pay.

But either in C and E we do have : in C some (i.e up to 99% of the commuters) and in E we do have most (i.e up to 99% ) though we do not know excatly the proportion of this group.

Alike E and C could be insert in the same scenario. It also true that C is stronger than E because E talks about commuters to work and C in a more general way with commuters pass through the bridge. But I think the argument is bias in somehow, not so clear at a closer look.

Back to your question : B is wrong because hardship is not an attinent argument for out conclusion.

Hope this helps
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Re: Governor: The bridge that spans the Brookline and Kings boro [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2014, 00:30
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carcass wrote:
Although is a question from veritas prep I think is not an excellent question. Between C and E both could be a possible answer

Conclusion says ;: Therefore, if the city charges a mere \$1 dollar toll for crossing the bridge, we will be able to raise enough funds to make repairs to the bridge within a month.

Now we have the key words the city charges a mere \$1 dollar toll for crossing the bridge so the assumption is : IF the commuters pass through the bridge we raise money because the have to pay.

But either in C and E we do have : in C some (i.e up to 99% of the commuters) and in E we do have most (i.e up to 99% ) though we do not know excatly the proportion of this group.

Alike E and C could be insert in the same scenario. It also true that C is stronger than E because E talks about commuters to work and C in a more general way with commuters pass through the bridge. But I think the argument is bias in somehow, not so clear at a closer look.

Back to your question : B is wrong because hardship is not an attinent argument for out conclusion.

Hope this helps

Hello,

i am having problems in eliminating ans.option B.

If we negate it,

the commuters will face significant hardhips in using the bridge..

bcz of tht they wont use the bridge and revenue wont b generated as per the conclusion..

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Governor: The bridge that spans the Brookline and Kings boro [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2014, 01:03
vards wrote:

Hello,

i am having problems in eliminating ans.option B.

If we negate it,

the commuters will face significant hardhips in using the bridge..

bcz of tht they wont use the bridge and revenue wont b generated as per the conclusion..

Actually Governor is assuming that over one million vehicles are using the bridge so if he collects \$1 from each of them then he would have enough funds to repair bridge.

If you negate C, it would be :

The toll will not induce some commuters to use mass transit when traveling between the two boroughs.

So if enough number of vehicles will not use the bridge then he would not be able to collect enough fund for bridge repair.

Governor is not considering the economical condition of commuters.
Raising fund might be the hardship on the commuters but he is not considering it.

Below is the explanation from Veritas. It says B strengthens the argument.

The argument claims that by charging a \$1 toll, the city will raise the required \$30 million in a month to cover the cost of repairs. Using the Assumption Negation Technique (ANT), we will find that by negating answer choice C (the toll WILL induce some commuters to use mass transit) the argument is no longer valid. C, if negated, would mean that commuters who would otherwise pay the toll will use mass transit and, therefore, not contribute to the toll revenues, causing the city to fall short of the governor's prediction. Answer A is irrelevant. While tragic, the collapse of the bridge need not be assumed for the argument to be valid. While answer choice B strengthens the governor's argument, it is not an assumption that the argument is dependent upon. In answer choice D, the subsequent capacity of the bridge is irrelevant as to whether the toll will be able to raise enough money. While choice E helps the governor's case, it is not necessarily a required assumption of the argument. We do not care why the residents use the bridge, but whether they will use it at all after the toll is implemented.

Last edited by chetan86 on 08 Jul 2014, 05:06, edited 1 time in total.
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Governor: The bridge that spans the Brookline and Kings boro [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2014, 04:52
vards wrote:
carcass wrote:
Although is a question from veritas prep I think is not an excellent question. Between C and E both could be a possible answer

Conclusion says ;: Therefore, if the city charges a mere \$1 dollar toll for crossing the bridge, we will be able to raise enough funds to make repairs to the bridge within a month.

Now we have the key words the city charges a mere \$1 dollar toll for crossing the bridge so the assumption is : IF the commuters pass through the bridge we raise money because the have to pay.

But either in C and E we do have : in C some (i.e up to 99% of the commuters) and in E we do have most (i.e up to 99% ) though we do not know excatly the proportion of this group.

Alike E and C could be insert in the same scenario. It also true that C is stronger than E because E talks about commuters to work and C in a more general way with commuters pass through the bridge. But I think the argument is bias in somehow, not so clear at a closer look.

Back to your question : B is wrong because hardship is not an attinent argument for out conclusion.

Hope this helps

Hello,

i am having problems in eliminating ans.option B.

If we negate it,

the commuters will face significant hardhips in using the bridge..

bcz of tht they wont use the bridge and revenue wont b generated as per the conclusion..

Hi,

but have or not hardship is not related to our conclusion. Assumption question MUST BE TRUE in order to have our conclusion.

Hardship VS money to rise ......is not related. at all and in anyway.

Hope this helps
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Re: Governor: The bridge that spans the Brookline and Kings boro [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2014, 07:57
carcass wrote:
Although is a question from veritas prep I think is not an excellent question. Between C and E both could be a possible answer

Conclusion says ;: Therefore, if the city charges a mere \$1 dollar toll for crossing the bridge, we will be able to raise enough funds to make repairs to the bridge within a month.

Now we have the key words the city charges a mere \$1 dollar toll for crossing the bridge so the assumption is : IF the commuters pass through the bridge we raise money because the have to pay.

But either in C and E we do have : in C some (i.e up to 99% of the commuters) and in E we do have most (i.e up to 99% ) though we do not know excatly the proportion of this group.

Alike E and C could be insert in the same scenario. It also true that C is stronger than E because E talks about commuters to work and C in a more general way with commuters pass through the bridge. But I think the argument is bias in somehow, not so clear at a closer look.

Back to your question : B is wrong because hardship is not an attinent argument for out conclusion.

Hope this helps

Can we reasonably define 90% or 99% of commuters as some commuters? I don't think so. Between C and E, though E has limited applicability only to commuters to work, it makes a stronger statement than does C.
E seems more appropriate.
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Re: Governor: The bridge that spans the Brookline and Kings boro [#permalink]

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08 Jan 2017, 06:36
chetan86 wrote:
Governor: The bridge that spans the Brookline and Kings boroughs is in desperate need of repair with estimates in the range of \$30 million. Over one million vehicles cross the bridge each day. Therefore, if the city charges a mere \$1 dollar toll for crossing the bridge, we will be able to raise enough funds to make repairs to the bridge within a month.

Which of the following is an assumption upon which the governor's argument depends?

(A) The bridge, if not repaired, will likely collapse, causing the deaths of many people.
(B) The toll will not cause a significant hardship on the commuters that use the bridge.
(C) The toll will not induce some commuters to use mass transit when traveling between the two boroughs.
(D) After the repairs to the bridge are complete, it is estimated that the bridge will be able to handle 20% more traffic.
(E)Most of the residents in Brookline and Kings use the bridge to commute to work each day.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Why B is not the correct answer?

(A) The consequence if leave the bridge damaged is out of concern
(B) The commuters' condition is out of scope as long as they pay the toll
(C) Definitely yes!! If the toll deter the commuters to transit by public transport,the target fund might be impossible to reach
(D) Totally out of scope
(E) Whether the residents in Brookline and Kings use this bridge is not the concern.Majority of vehicles crossing this bridge could even from other towns
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Re: Governor: The bridge that spans the Brookline and Kings boro [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2017, 14:38
Governor: The bridge that spans the Brookline and Kings boroughs is in desperate need of repair with estimates in the range of \$30 million. Over one million vehicles cross the bridge each day. Therefore, if the city charges a mere \$1 dollar toll for crossing the bridge, we will be able to raise enough funds to make repairs to the bridge within a month.

Which of the following is an assumption upon which the governor's argument depends?

(A) The bridge, if not repaired, will likely collapse, causing the deaths of many people.
out of scope
(B) The toll will not cause a significant hardship on the commuters that use the bridge.
out of scope
(C) The toll will not induce some commuters to use mass transit when traveling between the two boroughs.
Most relevant option,also clears the possiblity of failure of the plan.
(D) After the repairs to the bridge are complete, it is estimated that the bridge will be able to handle 20% more traffic.
Out of scope
(E)Most of the residents in Brookline and Kings use the bridge to commute to work each day.
out of scope
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Re: Governor: The bridge that spans the Brookline and Kings boro [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2017, 23:37
chetan86 wrote:
Governor: The bridge that spans the Brookline and Kings boroughs is in desperate need of repair with estimates in the range of \$30 million. Over one million vehicles cross the bridge each day. Therefore, if the city charges a mere \$1 dollar toll for crossing the bridge, we will be able to raise enough funds to make repairs to the bridge within a month.

Which of the following is an assumption upon which the governor's argument depends?

(A) The bridge, if not repaired, will likely collapse, causing the deaths of many people.
(B) The toll will not cause a significant hardship on the commuters that use the bridge.
(C) The toll will not induce some commuters to use mass transit when traveling between the two boroughs.
(D) After the repairs to the bridge are complete, it is estimated that the bridge will be able to handle 20% more traffic.
(E)Most of the residents in Brookline and Kings use the bridge to commute to work each day.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Why B is not the correct answer?

Option C is the best choice here.
Negated statement: The toll will induce some (can be one or more) commuters to use the mass transit.....

If this is the case then the 1 Million vehicles that cross the bridge daily will be reduced by some number depending on the total number of people using mass transit. This will definitely reduce the success of the 30 day plan.

Whereas information stated in option E is already stated in the argument and thus is not an assumption (unstated premise).
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Re: Governor: The bridge that spans the Brookline and Kings boro [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2017, 11:47
1. Governor: The bridge that spans the Brookline and Kings boroughs is in desperate need of repair with estimates in the range of \$30 million. Over one million vehicles cross the bridge each day. Therefore, if the city charges a mere \$1 dollar toll for crossing the bridge, we will be able to raise enough funds to make repairs to the bridge within a month.

Conclusion: charging \$1/per person/per visit will raise \$30 m in 30 days
Assumption: will the charge change people’s habits?

Which of the following is an assumption upon which the governor's argument depends?

The bridge, if not repaired, will likely collapse, causing the deaths of many people. - doesn’t contribute to the conclusion
The toll will not cause a significant hardship on the commuters that use the bridge. - close, but it doesn’t necessarily matter if there is hardship on the commuters. it goes halfway in saying that the hardship will deter the commuters from using the bridge.
The toll will not induce some commuters to use mass transit when traveling between the two boroughs. - correct!
After the repairs to the bridge are complete, it is estimated that the bridge will be able to handle 20% more traffic. - it doesn’t matter what will happen after the repair.
Most of the residents in Brookline and Kings use the bridge to commute to work each day. - that is just a fact and doesn’t affect the conclusion.
Re: Governor: The bridge that spans the Brookline and Kings boro   [#permalink] 13 Nov 2017, 11:47
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