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Greek tragedy, one of the enduring pillars of our belief

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Greek tragedy, one of the enduring pillars of our belief [#permalink]

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1. Greek tragedy, one of the enduring pillars of our belief system, dramatized
the concept that the misfortune a person suffers is not an accident, but
rather a logical outcome of flaws in that person’s nature; the misfortune is
thus that person’s “fault.” Nonetheless, today the public broadly supports
bankruptcy protection, family welfare and other “social safety net” programs
that shield the destitute in the face of their hardships, at taxpayer expense.
Which of the following, if true, would best resolve the paradox in the
statements above?
• The ancient Greeks had few, if any, such social safety net programs in their
society.
• The majority of the public is more familiar with the works of Shakespeare
than those of Greek tragedy.
• Some people insist that society, not the individual, is to blame for most
accidents.
• Many people in financial difficulties feel too ashamed to declare bankruptcy
or to take advantage of other social safety net programs.
• The religions practiced by most people today strongly encourage people to
contribute to charities that assist innocent people injured in natural disasters,
such as hurricanes.

OA and explanation will follow ...
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Greek tragedy, one of the enduring pillars of our belief [#permalink]

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GetThisDone wrote:
Greek tragedy, one of the enduring pillars of our belief system, dramatized the concept that
the misfortune a person suffers is not an accident, but rather a logical outcome of flaws in
that person’s nature; the misfortune is thus that person’s “fault.” Nonetheless, today the
public broadly supports bankruptcy protection, family welfare and other “social safety net”
programs that shield the destitute in the face of their hardships, at taxpayer expense. Which
of the following, if true, would best resolve the paradox in the statements above?
A) The ancient Greeks had few, if any, such social safety net programs in their society.
b) The majority of the public is more familiar with the works of Shakespeare than those of
Greek tragedy.
c) Some people insist that society, not the individual, is to blame for most accidents.
d) Many people in financial difficulties feel too ashamed to declare bankruptcy or to take
advantage of other social safety net programs.
e) The religions practiced by most people today strongly encourage people to contribute to
charities that assist innocent people injured in natural disasters, such as hurricanes.

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I stumbled on this one...Indeed a toughie!
I got OE for this, hope it helps.

The statements above present a paradox. If, as the author implies, the ethos of
Greek tragedy still holds as an "enduring pillar of our belief system," an ethos
declaring each person's misfortune that person's fault, then the majority of the
public should not support "social safety net" programs, which are based on the
philosophical position that someone's misfortune is not necessarily his or her
fault.
(A) This choice does not resolve the paradox. The observation that the ancient
Greeks had few social safety net programs does not explain why the public today
supports such programs, while holding onto the ethos of Greek tragedy.
(B) This is an irrelevant comparison. This choice does not say that the public is
actually unfamiliar with Greek tragedy, and its greater familiarity with
Shakespeare does not explain the paradox.
(C) The fact that "some" people insist that society is to blame for misfortune
does not explain why the public today "broadly supports" social safety net
programs.
(D) This choice does not resolve the paradox. Perhaps many destitute people do
not take advantage of social safety net programs because they feel ashamed --
maybe even guilty, as if they caused their own misfortunes (whether or not they
did), in accordance with the ethos of Greek tragedy. However, this observation
does not explain why these programs enjoy the broad support of the public.
(E) CORRECT. This statement undermines the author’s assumption that the
ethos of the ancient Greeks is the only operative component of the public's belief
system. If most people believe in helping innocent victims of natural disasters,
then they must believe that there can be "innocent victims" and that not all
misfortune is due to the actions and flaws of the individual in question.

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Re: Greek tragedy, one of the enduring pillars of our belief [#permalink]

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Aristocrat wrote:
Can someone explain an argument?
I am unable to figure out what author as a whole trying to say.
Especially what statement below implies.

Nonetheless, today the
public broadly supports bankruptcy protection, family welfare and other “social safety net”
programs that shield the destitute in the face of their hardships, at taxpayer expense.


The argument talks about the Western culture. He says that the belief system of the west is based on the concept that
the misfortune a person suffers is that person’s “fault". The misfortune could be anything - losing a job, getting orphaned, injury in natural disasters etc. A person suffers because of his own deeds. Hence, it is surprising that their govt has various plans (which are supported by the general public) e.g. bankruptcy protection, family welfare, unemployment schemes etc. Under these schemes, people are paid money by the govt if they undergo some misfortune. e.g. if a person loses his job, he gets unemployment benefits i.e. the govt pays him a fixed income regularly for some time.
The paradox here is that though the belief system says that the person's misfortune is his own fault, still people broadly support social welfare plans.

As discussed above, (C) is incorrect because it says 'Some people insist' though the plans are broadly supported. This doesn't help resolve the paradox why people generally support these welfare programs.

(E) is correct because it offers an alternative belief system that people follow today. Their religion tells them that people suffering through hardships e.g. natural disasters are innocent (it's not their own fault) and that one needs to assist them. That is why people support the welfare programs.
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Re: Greek tragedy Paradox [#permalink]

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OA is E

The statements above present a paradox. If, as the author implies, the ethos of
Greek tragedy still holds as an "enduring pillar of our belief system," an ethos
declaring each person's misfortune that person's fault, then the majority of the
public should not support "social safety net" programs, which are based on the
philosophical position that someone's misfortune is not necessarily his or her
fault.
(A) This choice does not resolve the paradox. The observation that the ancient
Greeks had few social safety net programs does not explain why the public today
supports such programs, while holding onto the ethos of Greek tragedy.
(B) This is an irrelevant comparison. This choice does not say that the public is
actually unfamiliar with Greek tragedy, and its greater familiarity with
Shakespeare does not explain the paradox.
(C) The fact that "some" people insist that society is to blame for misfortune does
not explain why the public today "broadly supports" social safety net programs.
(D) This choice does not resolve the paradox. Perhaps many destitute people do
not take advantage of social safety net programs because they feel ashamed --
maybe even guilty, as if they caused their own misfortunes (whether or not they
did), in accordance with the ethos of Greek tragedy. However, this observation
does not explain why these programs enjoy the broad support of the public.
(E) CORRECT. This statement undermines the author’s assumption that the
ethos of the ancient Greeks is the only operative component of the public's belief
system. If most people believe in helping innocent victims of natural disasters,
then they must believe that there can be "innocent victims" and that not all
misfortune is due to the actions and flaws of the individual in question.

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Greek tragedy, one of the enduring pillars of our belief system, drama [#permalink]

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This question is part of the GMAT Club Critical Reasoning : Paradox Revision Project.

Greek tragedy, one of the enduring pillars of our belief system, dramatized the concept that the misfortune a person suffers is not an accident, but rather a logical outcome of flaws in that person’s nature; the misfortune is thus that person’s “fault.” Nonetheless, today the public broadly supports bankruptcy protection, family welfare and other “social safety net” programs that shield the destitute in the face of their hardships, at taxpayer expense.

Which of the following, if true, would best resolve the paradox in the statements above?

A. The ancient Greeks had few, if any, such social safety net programs in their society.

B. The majority of the public is more familiar with the works of Shakespeare than those of Greek tragedy.

C. Some people insist that society, not the individual, is to blame for most accidents.

D. Many people in financial difficulties feel too ashamed to declare bankruptcy or to take advantage of other social safety net programs.

E. The religions practiced by most people today strongly encourage people to contribute to charities that assist innocent people injured in natural disasters, such as hurricanes.
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Greek tragedy, one of the enduring pillars of our belief [#permalink]

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Greek tragedy, one of the enduring pillars of our belief system, dramatized the concept that
the misfortune a person suffers is not an accident, but rather a logical outcome of flaws in
that person’s nature; the misfortune is thus that person’s “fault.” Nonetheless, today the
public broadly supports bankruptcy protection, family welfare and other “social safety net”
programs that shield the destitute in the face of their hardships, at taxpayer expense. Which
of the following, if true, would best resolve the paradox in the statements above?
A) The ancient Greeks had few, if any, such social safety net programs in their society.
b) The majority of the public is more familiar with the works of Shakespeare than those of
Greek tragedy.
c) Some people insist that society, not the individual, is to blame for most accidents.
d) Many people in financial difficulties feel too ashamed to declare bankruptcy or to take
advantage of other social safety net programs.
e) The religions practiced by most people today strongly encourage people to contribute to
charities that assist innocent people injured in natural disasters, such as hurricanes.

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New post 20 Dec 2012, 09:18
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IMO E is the best answer.
Paradox : People are now contributing towards others misfortune; they should have been let to suffer as during ancient time.

Took time to eliminate C.
E states a reason for people's behavior today; C just gives an explanation for the thought of a few ppl. We do not know what was there previous belief. Hence E

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Re: Greek tragedy, one of the enduring pillars of our belief system, drama [#permalink]

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souvik101990 wrote:
This question is part of the GMAT Club Critical Reasoning : Paradox Revision Project.

Greek tragedy, one of the enduring pillars of our belief system, dramatized the concept that the misfortune a person suffers is not an accident, but rather a logical outcome of flaws in that person’s nature; the misfortune is thus that person’s “fault.” Nonetheless, today the public broadly supports bankruptcy protection, family welfare and other “social safety net” programs that shield the destitute in the face of their hardships, at taxpayer expense.

Which of the following, if true, would best resolve the paradox in the statements above?

A. The ancient Greeks had few, if any, such social safety net programs in their society.

B. The majority of the public is more familiar with the works of Shakespeare than those of Greek tragedy.

C. Some people insist that society, not the individual, is to blame for most accidents.

D. Many people in financial difficulties feel too ashamed to declare bankruptcy or to take advantage of other social safety net programs.

E. The religions practiced by most people today strongly encourage people to contribute to charities that assist innocent people injured in natural disasters, such as hurricanes.


Paradox: from Greeks Tragedy , The misfortune is thus that person’s “fault.” then why public broadly supports bankruptcy protection, family welfare and other “social safety net” programs, let them pay their sins posting.php?mode=quote&f=139&p=1494296#?

A. The ancient Greeks had few, if any, such social safety net programs in their society.
--Greeks believe that all misfortune is persons flaw so having such safety net programs woould not have been applied or accepted.
B. The majority of the public is more familiar with the works of Shakespeare than those of Greek tragedy.
-- if people are more familiar with works of Shakespeare then how would that help explain why we have safety net for bankruptcy and all.
C. Some people insist that society, not the individual, is to blame for most accidents.
'some' people insist but largely part still thinks that it is individual's flaw so why there are safety nets ? still unexplained.

D. Many people in financial difficulties feel too ashamed to declare bankruptcy or to take advantage of other social safety net programs.
question is not whether people take advantage of such programs , question is that why such a plan is in place.

E. The religions practiced by most people today strongly encourage people to contribute to charities that assist innocent people injured in natural disasters, such as hurricanes.
--here we go , so it is the religion which is encouraging people to contribute to charities and assist innocent
( which as per Greeks does not exist as all misfortune is result of flaw in individual) and thats why we have such plans in place.

Suggestions and discussion are welcomed . Please feel free to fill gaps in my reasoning.

thanks
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Re: Greek tragedy, one of the enduring pillars of our belief system, drama [#permalink]

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Greek tragedy, one of the enduring pillars of our belief system, dramatized the concept that the misfortune a person suffers is not an accident, but rather a logical outcome of flaws in that person’s nature; the misfortune is thus that person’s “fault.” Nonetheless, today the public broadly supports bankruptcy protection, family welfare and other “social safety net” programs that shield the destitute in the face of their hardships, at taxpayer expense.

Which of the following, if true, would best resolve the paradox in the statements above?
Namely explain why we all have the greek tragedy in our belief system, but have "social safety net" programs

A. The ancient Greeks had few, if any, such social safety net programs in their society.
The author is talking about our belief system and not the one of ancient Greeks. That's why this information does NOT contribute to finding resolving the paradox. Irrelevant
B. The majority of the public is more familiar with the works of Shakespeare than those of Greek tragedy.
Shakespeare is never mentioned. Out of scope and irrelevant for resolving the paradox
C. Some people insist that society, not the individual, is to blame for most accidents.
While this answer choice goes in the right direction and explains that the society is to blame for the misfortunes of the individuals and the tax-payer has to stand for them, I think the word "Some" is crucial. It just is not strong enough to resolve the paradox
D. Many people in financial difficulties feel too ashamed to declare bankruptcy or to take advantage of other social safety net programs.
Out of scope and irrelevant for resolving the paradox
E. The religions practiced by most people today strongly encourage people to contribute to charities that assist innocent people injured in natural disasters, such as hurricanes.
CORRECT. (E) provides a clear explanation as to who encourages the version that natural disasters (and accidents) do harm to "innocent people". This is contrary to what the Greek had believed. Additionally, we have the word "most", which is significantly stronger than "some" in (C).

One thing I want to reiterate though is - I think the crucial element, which decides whether (C) or (E) is the correct answer here are the words "some" and "most". If we would have had (C) with most, it could also have been the correct answer. This partially explains while the majority has gone with answer choice (C).
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#Top150 CR: Greek tragedy one of the enduring pillars of our belief [#permalink]

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Greek tragedy, one of the enduring pillars of our belief system, dramatized the concept that the misfortune a person suffers is not an accident, but rather a logical outcome of flaws in that person’s nature; the misfortune is thus that person’s “fault.” Nonetheless, today the public broadly supports bankruptcy protection, family welfare and other “social safety net” programs that shield the destitute in the face of their hardships, at taxpayer expense.

Which of the following, if true, would best resolve the paradox in the statements above?

A. The ancient Greeks had few, if any, such social safety net programs in their society.

B. The majority of the public is more familiar with the works of Shakespeare than those of Greek tragedy.

C. Some people insist that society, not the individual, is to blame for most accidents.

D. Many people in financial difficulties feel too ashamed to declare bankruptcy or to take advantage of other social safety net programs.

E. The religions practiced by most people today strongly encourage people to contribute to charities that assist innocent people injured in natural disasters, such as hurricanes.
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Re: #Top150 CR: Greek tragedy one of the enduring pillars of our belief [#permalink]

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zxcvbnmas wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
Greek tragedy, one of the enduring pillars of our belief system, dramatized the concept that the misfortune a person suffers is not an accident, but rather a logical outcome of flaws in that person’s nature; the misfortune is thus that person’s “fault.” Nonetheless, today the public broadly supports bankruptcy protection, family welfare and other “social safety net” programs that shield the destitute in the face of their hardships, at taxpayer expense.

Which of the following, if true, would best resolve the paradox in the statements above?

D. Many people in financial difficulties feel too ashamed to declare bankruptcy or to take advantage of other social safety net programs.

E. The religions practiced by most people today strongly encourage people to contribute to charities that assist innocent people injured in natural disasters, such as hurricanes.


Between E and D, I chose D :roll: many people who are in difficult situations believe that its their fault but don't ask for help and the society has many programs to help them.

Still don't understand why E is correct. :|


The paradox here is the change of thinking in public.

as per D, if people are too ashamed to take advantage of social safety net programs then that does not explain and instead exaggerated the paradox as of why there is change in thing of public.

Coming to E it helps to understand why the public has changed its way of thinking. They practice a religion which teaches them to be kind and helpful to needy instead of thinking that it is their fault.
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Re: Greek tragedy Paradox [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2010, 03:52
serbiano wrote:
1. Greek tragedy, one of the enduring pillars of our belief system, dramatized
the concept that the misfortune a person suffers is not an accident, but
rather a logical outcome of flaws in that person’s nature; the misfortune is
thus that person’s “fault.” Nonetheless, today the public broadly supports
bankruptcy protection, family welfare and other “social safety net” programs
that shield the destitute in the face of their hardships, at taxpayer expense.
Which of the following, if true, would best resolve the paradox in the
statements above?
• The ancient Greeks had few, if any, such social safety net programs in their
society.
• The majority of the public is more familiar with the works of Shakespeare
than those of Greek tragedy.
• Some people insist that society, not the individual, is to blame for most
accidents. Correct.Causes both the events mentioned in the argument.
• Many people in financial difficulties feel too ashamed to declare bankruptcy
or to take advantage of other social safety net programs.
• The religions practiced by most people today strongly encourage people to
contribute to charities that assist innocent people injured in natural disasters,
such as hurricanes.

OA and explanation will follow ...


An option that is a possible cause of the vents in the argument resolves the paradox in the argument.

OA plz?
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New post 28 Jan 2010, 04:45
The fact that "some" people insist that society is to blame for misfortune does
not explain why the public today "broadly supports" social safety net programs.

So its not C. "some" is the easiest way to see why C is wrong

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Re: Greek tragedy Paradox [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2010, 04:54
Maybe (E)?

Greek tragedy may remain one of the pillars of western belief system but there are other factors to consider too - that is religion.

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Re: Greek tragedy Paradox [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2010, 08:22
• The ancient Greeks had few, if any, such social safety net programs in their
society.
CORRECT: as they didnothave any such "social security pgms",even if the greeks had broadly supported so
,there was no way they could have enrolled in them.But since today we have such programs and we enrol in them

• The majority of the public is more familiar with the works of Shakespeare
than those of Greek tragedy.
Shakespeare doesnot add anything to aolve the discrepancy
• Some people insist that society, not the individual, is to blame for most
accidents.
SOME people donot define the broad agreement
• Many people in financial difficulties feel too ashamed to declare bankruptcy
or to take advantage of other social safety net programs.
its not about taking advantage rather about wide accepatnce in safety programs
• The religions practiced by most people today strongly encourage people to
contribute to charities that assist innocent people injured in natural disasters,
such as hurricanes.
out of context
so IMO: A

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Re: Greek tragedy Paradox [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2010, 06:24
IMO : D

It resolves the paradox. It says that even though there is social safety net, Many people suffer for misfortune because of their own fault

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Re: Greek tragedy Paradox [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2010, 11:53
1. Greek tragedy, one of the enduring pillars of our belief system, dramatized
the concept that the misfortune a person suffers is not an accident, but
rather a logical outcome of flaws in that person’s nature; the misfortune is
thus that person’s “fault.” Nonetheless, today the public broadly supports
bankruptcy protection, family welfare and other “social safety net” programs
that shield the destitute in the face of their hardships, at taxpayer expense.
Which of the following, if true, would best resolve the paradox in the
statements above?
• The ancient Greeks had few, if any, such social safety net programs in their
society.
• The majority of the public is more familiar with the works of Shakespeare
than those of Greek tragedy.
• Some people insist that society, not the individual, is to blame for most
accidents.
• Many people in financial difficulties feel too ashamed to declare bankruptcy
or to take advantage of other social safety net programs.
• The religions practiced by most people today strongly encourage people to
contribute to charities that assist innocent people injured in natural disasters,
such as hurricanes.

Would go with E... as the same shows another reason for the public today to be more inclined towards such programs. Hence this has got nothing to do with the Greek version of misfortune
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Re: Greek tragedy Paradox [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2010, 17:43
would go with E because it does not contradicts either of the premises presented
1) greek belief that people are to blame for their own misfortunes
2) in our society today, we set up systems and networks to help those who are in need

The answer is saying that particular group of people, the religeous one, would still help others out, these group of people do not fall into the category of the ancient greek, thus they are willing to helps out others, this does not contradict the first premise, as we are not talking abot the same group of people. Also, it does not contradict the second premise.

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Re: CR - Paradox - # 1 [#permalink]

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New post 02 May 2012, 08:12
IMO C is the right one.

I don't understand how E would resolve the paradox. Please explain.

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Re: CR - Paradox - # 1   [#permalink] 02 May 2012, 08:12

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