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# Growth rate

Author Message
Manager
Joined: 04 Nov 2006
Posts: 132
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 80 [0], given: 8

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09 Jul 2007, 21:24
Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as the Galapagos tortoise and examinations of fossils of juvenile dinosaurs, scientists estimate that the largest dinosaurs probably lived to be between 100 and 200 years old.
(A) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
(B) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
(C) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles like
(D) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles, like those of
(E) Based on such growth rates as those of large modern reptiles like

I think A should be correct ?? Can anyone explain why A is incorrect?
If you have any questions
New!
Director
Joined: 26 Feb 2006
Posts: 903
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 116 [0], given: 0

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09 Jul 2007, 21:52
pawan82 wrote:
Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as the Galapagos tortoise and examinations of fossils of juvenile dinosaurs, scientists estimate that the largest dinosaurs probably lived to be between 100 and 200 years old.
(A) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
(B) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
(C) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles like
(D) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles, like those of
(E) Based on such growth rates as those of large modern reptiles like

I think A should be correct ?? Can anyone explain why A is incorrect?

B. on the basis is better over based on.
Director
Joined: 16 May 2007
Posts: 549
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 62 [0], given: 0

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10 Jul 2007, 01:07
yes 'on the basis' beats 'based on' here
CEO
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
Posts: 2756
Location: New York City
Followers: 11

Kudos [?]: 900 [0], given: 4

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11 Jul 2007, 11:35
pawan82 wrote:
Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as the Galapagos tortoise and examinations of fossils of juvenile dinosaurs, scientists estimate that the largest dinosaurs probably lived to be between 100 and 200 years old.

(A) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
Scientists cannot be based on growth rates. Based on is incorrectly modifying scientists.

(B) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
Like vs. Such As. Like is used to state things that are similar. Such as is used to state examples.
Examples:
She looks like me.
I need fruits such as oranges, bananas and apples.

(C) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles like
same as A.

(D) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles, like those of
Like vs. Such As. Like is used to state things that are similar. Such as is used to state examples.
Examples:
She looks like me.
I need fruits such as oranges, bananas and apples.

(E) Based on such growth rates as those of large modern reptiles like
same as A.

I think A should be correct ?? Can anyone explain why A is incorrect?
Joined: 26 Mar 2007
Posts: 486
GMAT 1: 680 Q44 V38
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 60 [0], given: 123

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11 Jul 2007, 12:04
Does GMAT prefer "on the basis of" to "based on"?

My answer is just A or B.
Director
Joined: 06 Sep 2006
Posts: 743
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 38 [0], given: 0

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11 Jul 2007, 12:30
Based on the growth rates of X, Scientist..
A has modifier issues.

'm on the B band wagon.
VP
Joined: 14 Feb 2005
Posts: 1001
Location: New York
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 0

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23 Oct 2007, 14:44
bmwhype2 wrote:
pawan82 wrote:
Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as the Galapagos tortoise and examinations of fossils of juvenile dinosaurs, scientists estimate that the largest dinosaurs probably lived to be between 100 and 200 years old.

(A) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
Scientists cannot be based on growth rates. Based on is incorrectly modifying scientists.

(B) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
Like vs. Such As. Like is used to state things that are similar. Such as is used to state examples.
Examples:
She looks like me.
I need fruits such as oranges, bananas and apples.

(C) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles like
same as A.

(D) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles, like those of
Like vs. Such As. Like is used to state things that are similar. Such as is used to state examples.
Examples:
She looks like me.
I need fruits such as oranges, bananas and apples.

(E) Based on such growth rates as those of large modern reptiles like
same as A.

I think A should be correct ?? Can anyone explain why A is incorrect?

A or B

I will go with B --

On the basis of X ,Y estimated Z happens

But cannot be

Based on X --Sounds like Y is sitting on something or also using it

any one wanna further dissect this

thanks
!
Director
Joined: 26 Mar 2006
Posts: 645
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 0

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23 Oct 2007, 17:59
pawan82 wrote:
Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as the Galapagos tortoise and examinations of fossils of juvenile dinosaurs, scientists estimate that the largest dinosaurs probably lived to be between 100 and 200 years old.
(A) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
(B) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
(C) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles like
(D) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles, like those of
(E) Based on such growth rates as those of large modern reptiles like

I think A should be correct ?? Can anyone explain why A is incorrect?

Will go for 'B'

On the basis.....estimate - Tense match

For 'Based on'....it is either Scientits estimated or had estimated.
VP
Joined: 15 Jul 2004
Posts: 1471
Schools: Wharton (R2 - submitted); HBS (R2 - submitted); IIMA (admitted for 1 year PGPX)
Followers: 22

Kudos [?]: 189 [0], given: 13

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25 Oct 2007, 09:19
pawan82 wrote:
Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as the Galapagos tortoise and examinations of fossils of juvenile dinosaurs, scientists estimate that the largest dinosaurs probably lived to be between 100 and 200 years old.
(A) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
(B) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
(C) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles like
(D) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles, like those of
(E) Based on such growth rates as those of large modern reptiles like

I think A should be correct ?? Can anyone explain why A is incorrect?

Based on ... is a participial phrase; always be chary of opening participial phrases and consider carefully what they may end up modifying; as in this case - it seems as if the SCIENTISTS are BASED ON THE GROWTH RATES which is absurd.

B is right.
Manager
Joined: 25 Jul 2007
Posts: 67
Followers: 1

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25 Oct 2007, 10:53
yup..I too will go with B...correct tense..and use of such as is correct..
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Aug 2007
Posts: 367
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 34 [0], given: 0

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25 Oct 2007, 18:19
Go with B - for two reasons.

1. // ism
2. it has be such as
Manager
Joined: 07 Mar 2006
Posts: 128
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

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03 Nov 2007, 09:21
Can somebody please explain what is wrong with C here? Why can't we use "like" instead of "as" as we have "like+noun" which is grammatically correct?

Thanks.
Director
Joined: 09 Aug 2006
Posts: 762
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 200 [0], given: 0

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03 Nov 2007, 09:32
MA466 wrote:
Can somebody please explain what is wrong with C here? Why can't we use "like" instead of "as" as we have "like+noun" which is grammatically correct?

Thanks.

'like' is used to express similarity; 'such as' is used to give examples.
03 Nov 2007, 09:32
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