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Gym owner: Many injuries are caused by wearing shoes...

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Gym owner: Many injuries are caused by wearing shoes... [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 10 Jun 2018, 15:25
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A
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C
D
E

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  85% (hard)

Question Stats:

42% (01:10) correct 58% (01:26) wrong based on 115 sessions

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Gym owner: Many injuries are caused by wearing shoes that are not designed for the activity one is performing. That is why long-distance runners who work out at our gym should consider purchasing a second pair of sneakers for gym use. Running shoes are designed for forward, heel-to-toe motion, while cross-trainers are better designed for side-to-side motion, as one would experience in our weight-lifting and aerobics programs.

Which of the following, if true, would best support the gym owner's argument?

A) Sports such as basketball and tennis also require shoes that are better designed for side-to-side motion.
B) Cross-trainers provide as much cushioning as do running shoes.
C) Members of the owner's gym generally take advantage of all of the gym's programs.
D) Most gym members who own cross-trainers also own a second pair of sneakers for everyday walking.
E) Proper footwear is the most significant factor in preventing injuries during exercise.

Kudos plse!! Thx!

Originally posted by Carlgrc on 10 Jun 2018, 14:26.
Last edited by Carlgrc on 10 Jun 2018, 15:25, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Gym owner: Many injuries are caused by wearing shoes... [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2018, 15:36
Official Explanation:

(C) is correct. If runners take advantage of all the gym programs, that would include the side-to-side motion activities that warrant the recommended cross-trainers.

(A) mentions other activities with side-to-side motion. That suggests there are other reasons to get a second set of sneakers, but it still assumes runners would participate in those sports. If they don't, then there is still no reason for them to get an extra pair of sneakers.

(B) is irrelevant. The argument is based on the motion of the foot, not how much cushioning the shoe provides. Even if this were true, there's no suggestion that runners would need both types of shoe.

(D) is irrelevant. What other people do offers no support for whether runners should do the same.

(E) may be tempting, but it is also irrelevant to the argument. Even if proper shoes are the most important factor in preventing injuries, there's still no evidence that runners are participating in the activities with side-to-side motion that would warrant the purchase of a second pair of sneakers. Perhaps they already own the proper footwear for running and don't do any other exercise.
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Gym owner: Many injuries are caused by wearing shoes... [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2018, 18:31
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Not the best question. The wording could be better for the solutions. Kaplan tends to do this on the GMAT, and, because of this, I tend to avoid Kaplan questions. But here is my analysis:

Gym owner: Many injuries are caused by wearing shoes that are not designed for the activity one is performing. That is why long-distance runners who work out at our gym should consider purchasing a second pair of sneakers for gym use. Running shoes are designed for forward, heel-to-toe motion, while cross-trainers are better designed for side-to-side motion, as one would experience in our weight-lifting and aerobics programs.


The blue is our conclusion, the green is our premise, and the orange is our secondary conclusion. We want to strengthen our conclusion using the premise.

Which of the following, if true, would best support the gym owner's argument?

A) Sports such as basketball and tennis also require shoes that are better designed for side-to-side motion. -- Who cares about other sports? Completely out of scope
B) Cross-trainers provide as much cushioning as do running shoes. -- Who cares about cushioning? Way out of scope again
C) Members of the owner's gym generally take advantage of all of the gym's programs. -- Our premise talks about two different work outs and those movements. So if a person does utilize everything at the gym, they will then have different movements. This could cause injury, and thus would require different shoes. This is our winner!
D) Most gym members who own cross-trainers also own a second pair of sneakers for everyday walking. -- Who cares about the other gym members? Further, how do we know these members do multiple exercises? How do we know they get injured? How do we know they don't get injured?
E) Proper footwear is the most significant factor in preventing injuries during exercise. -- This would be correct if it said the ONLY FACTOR. But, because it says the main factor, this cannot be our answer. Who's to say that the most significant factor is, say, 11%? And what if the rest of the factors are 10% and 9%? This would then have little effect on the other 89% of injury occurrences. This may have little affect on injuries suffered. Thus, although tempting, this cannot be out answer.
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Re: Gym owner: Many injuries are caused by wearing shoes... [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2018, 07:57
Carlgrc wrote:
Gym owner: Many injuries are caused by wearing shoes that are not designed for the activity one is performing. That is why long-distance runners who work out at our gym should consider purchasing a second pair of sneakers for gym use. Running shoes are designed for forward, heel-to-toe motion, while cross-trainers are better designed for side-to-side motion, as one would experience in our weight-lifting and aerobics programs.

Which of the following, if true, would best support the gym owner's argument?

A) Sports such as basketball and tennis also require shoes that are better designed for side-to-side motion.
B) Cross-trainers provide as much cushioning as do running shoes.
C) Members of the owner's gym generally take advantage of all of the gym's programs.
D) Most gym members who own cross-trainers also own a second pair of sneakers for everyday walking.
E) Proper footwear is the most significant factor in preventing injuries during exercise.

Kudos plse!! Thx!


Wow first kudos to you for posting such a good question.

Imo C

I think there are only two relevant options C and E .
E is a general statement and it can apply to anybody. Folks might do only one activity have shoes those fit for the activity thus this option is ruled out .We are only concerned with folks who come to the Gym of the Owner.

A and B provide general information not useful to the argument .
D is just new information also not useful to the conclusion.
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Re: Gym owner: Many injuries are caused by wearing shoes...   [#permalink] 11 Jun 2018, 07:57
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