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# Had Mr. Michaels taken the earlier train, he could have avoided

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Intern
Joined: 11 Jun 2013
Posts: 7
Had Mr. Michaels taken the earlier train, he could have avoided  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 16 Aug 2017, 09:21
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

94% (00:38) correct 6% (00:47) wrong based on 70 sessions

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Had Mr. Michaels taken the earlier train, he could have avoided the lengthy delay due to the severe storm that flooded the crossing.
a) taken the earlier train, he could have avoided
b) took the earlier train, he could had avoided
c) had took the earlier train, he could have avoided
d) taken the earlier train, he could have to avoid
e) taken the earlier train, he could had avoided

question from the gmat ultiamte grammar first edition book page 135

I choose the E but I do not understand what is wrong.
The correct response is A

Originally posted by alcalina on 15 Aug 2017, 09:39.
Last edited by alcalina on 16 Aug 2017, 09:21, edited 1 time in total.
Director
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Concentration: Technology, Strategy
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Re: Had Mr. Michaels taken the earlier train, he could have avoided  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2017, 22:35
1
alcalina wrote:
Had Mr. Michaels taken the earlier train, he could have avoided the lengthy delay due to the severe storm that flooded the crossing.
a) taken the earlier train, he could have avoided
b) took the earlier train, he could had avoided
c) had took the earlier train, he could have avoided
d) taken the earlier train, he could have to avoid
e) taken the earlier train, he could had avoided

I think the underlined part is as follows.

Had Mr. Michaels taken the earlier train, he could have avoided the lengthy delay due to the severe storm that flooded the crossing.

a) taken the earlier train, he could have avoided -------- (Correct)
b) took the earlier train, he could had avoided --------- (Incorrect)
c) had took the earlier train, he could have avoided --------- (Incorrect)
d) taken the earlier train, he could have to avoid ---------- (Incorrect)
e) taken the earlier train, he could had avoided ----------- (Incorrect)

Intern
Joined: 11 Jun 2013
Posts: 7
Re: Had Mr. Michaels taken the earlier train, he could have avoided  [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2017, 09:24
1
thanks for the answer. I corrected the exercise.

What do I need to study to understand why E is wrong? I didn't understand why I can't use "could had" in the sentence.
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Had Mr. Michaels taken the earlier train, he could have avoided  [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2017, 23:13
1
alcalina wrote:
thanks for the answer. I corrected the exercise.

What do I need to study to understand why E is wrong? I didn't understand why I can't use "could had" in the sentence.

Hi alcalina,
As per my reasoning - In the above sentence, there are two actions taking place in past at different times.

"If two actions in a sentence occurred at different times in the past, use the past perfect tense for the earlier action and simple past tense for the later action."

Hope its clear now.
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Joined: 13 Oct 2016
Posts: 243
GMAT 1: 600 Q44 V28
Re: Had Mr. Michaels taken the earlier train, he could have avoided  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2017, 10:07
alcalina wrote:
Had Mr. Michaels taken the earlier train, he could have avoided the lengthy delay due to the severe storm that flooded the crossing.
a) taken the earlier train, he could have avoided
b) took the earlier train, he could had avoided
c) had took the earlier train, he could have avoided
d) taken the earlier train, he could have to avoid
e) taken the earlier train, he could had avoided

question from the gmat ultiamte grammar first edition book page 135

I choose the E but I do not understand what is wrong.
The correct response is A

Could you please underline the sentence correction part as it would be convenient to resolve the question faster
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Re: Had Mr. Michaels taken the earlier train, he could have avoided  [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2017, 00:38
Imo A
This is a conditional sentence
It describes a hypothetical situation in the past .
So correct structure is Past perfect + conditional

Sent from my ONE E1003 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
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Re: Had Mr. Michaels taken the earlier train, he could have avoided  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2017, 23:01
Had Mr. Michaels taken the earlier train, he could have avoided the lengthy delay due to the severe storm that flooded the crossing.

If 2 actions are taking place in the past, the earlier action has to be past perfect and then the action is showing something that was possible but, which did not happened.

a) taken the earlier train, he could have avoided
As discussed above.
b) took the earlier train, he could had avoided
c) had took the earlier train, he could have avoided
d) taken the earlier train, he could have to avoid
could have avoided is correct.
e) taken the earlier train, he could had avoided
could have avoided is correct.
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Re: Had Mr. Michaels taken the earlier train, he could have avoided   [#permalink] 20 Aug 2017, 23:01
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