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Hannibal chose to invade Roman territory by the northern route, crossi

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Hannibal chose to invade Roman territory by the northern route, crossi [#permalink]

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Hannibal chose to invade Roman territory by the northern route, crossing the Alps doing it, instead of by sea.

A. doing it, instead of

B. to do so, rather than

C. to do it, rather than coming

D. to do so, instead of invading

E. to do it, instead of invading Roman territory
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Hannibal chose to invade Roman territory by the northern route, crossi [#permalink]

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Split #1: repeating a predicate. One cannot use “it” to represent the action encapsulated in a verb. The proper way to refer to such action is with the substitute phrase “do so“. Choices (A) & (C) & (E) make the mistake of using the pronoun.

Split #2: “instead of” vs. “rather than“. The “of” in “instead of” is a preposition, and its object must be a noun. Thus, “instead of” can only be used to compare single nouns, and the GMAT Sentence Correction seems to avoid even this use. The GMAT also seems to avoid the “instead of” [gerund] structure. The “than” in “rather than” is a subordinate clause, so the structure “rather than” is considerably more flexible in what can follow it. Choices (A) & (D) & (E) all use an “instead of” structure of which the GMAT would not approve.

Split #3: common words in parallel. The common words “to invade Roman territory” can be dropped. The only difference between the two branches is the proposition, “by the northern route” vs. “by sea“, so that’s all that needs to be said in the second branch. Choice (C) & (D) include more than necessary, and choice (E) is simply ridiculous in its awkward length.

The only possible answer is (B).
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Re: Hannibal chose to invade Roman territory by the northern route, crossi [#permalink]

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It just boils down to B and C after eliminating A, D and E for using the mostly less favored 'instead of'.
In C, the 'it' has no appropriate referent; in addition, to compare 'coming' with chose to invade is not only unparallel but also faulty in comparison. B is the choice
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Re: Hannibal chose to invade Roman territory by the northern route, crossi [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2017, 05:36
Why is option D wrong? I thought crossing and invading follows parallelism

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Re: Hannibal chose to invade Roman territory by the northern route, crossi [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2017, 03:51
Mahmud6 wrote:
Hannibal chose to invade Roman territory by the northern route, crossing the Alps doing it, instead of by sea.

A. doing it, instead of

B. to do so, rather than

C. to do it, rather than coming

D. to do so, instead of invading

E. to do it, instead of invading Roman territory



do it and doing it both are wrong
So basically -> B and D
Rather than preferred > instead of => B
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Re: Hannibal chose to invade Roman territory by the northern route, crossi   [#permalink] 21 Nov 2017, 03:51
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