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Intern
Joined: 28 May 2010
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18 Jul 2010, 13:16
1
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6
This post was
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Difficulty:

85% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (02:08) correct 49% (02:33) wrong based on 358 sessions

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[Reveal] Spoiler:

"The first acknowledges an observation that refutes the main position that the letter writer takes; the second is that position."? Thanks.

----------
Letter writer: Illegal drug use is often associated with other violent crimes. Statistics indicate that each time police increase their enforcement of anti-drug laws in the city, the number of violent crimes committed in the city declines as a result. However, eliminating criminal penalties for drug use would almost certainly decrease rather than increase the incidence of violent crime. If drugs were no longer illegal, the price would drop precipitously, and drug users would be less likely to use illegal means to acquire the money necessary to support their drug habits.

In the letter writer’s argument, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

The first is support offered by the letter writer for a certain forecast; the second is that forecast.

The first acknowledges an observation that refutes the main position that the letter writer takes; the second is that position.

The first is a direct relationship between two activities that the letter writer predicts will hold in the case at hand; the second offers information that, if true, would support that prediction.

The first is a direct relationship between two activities that the letter writer predicts will not hold in the case at hand; the second offers information that, if true, would support that prediction.

The first is a statement that the letter writer believes is true; the second is presented as a logical inference drawn from the truth of that statement.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by reto on 25 Jul 2015, 11:17, edited 2 times in total.

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18 Jul 2010, 13:44
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B is not correct.

Main position is "However, eliminating criminal penalties for drug use would almost certainly decrease rather than increase the incidence of violent crime." not the second bolded part.

The second bolded part supports the above main position but the first will not.

Hence D
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18 Jul 2010, 13:55
1
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Pick between C and D.

would support that prediction. -----> The prediction is crimes will decline.

C : second part is correct. First is wrong "letter writer predicts will hold in the case at hand". This is talking about police intervention. Cops are not required if the crime declines on its own.

B : "refutes the main position" - wrong. Both the ways want to reduce the crime. The methods of achieving is different. But the position / side is the same i.e. reduce the crime.

D both the parts are consistent - Police are not required if crime will reduce on its own. Its just a prediction.

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18 Jul 2010, 14:04
Okay, I understand the second bold is a support instead of the main point now...but, "letter writer predicts will not hold in the case at hand"...what is that talking about? "will not hold in the case at hand", what is the case?

Thank you.

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18 Jul 2010, 14:16
1
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The first is a direct relationship between two activities --- this is clear. I hope.

The case at hand is - how to reduce the violent crimes in the city? He gunned the "illegal drug use" as the problem in the opening statement. Illegal drug use is often associated with other violent crimes.

What will not hold? Police intervention (enforcement of anti-drug laws ) will not hold if the second method is used.

Hope all makes sense now.

knabi wrote:
Okay, I understand the second bold is a support instead of the main point now...but, "letter writer predicts will not hold in the case at hand"...what is that talking about? "will not hold in the case at hand", what is the case?

Thank you.

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18 Jul 2010, 14:43
Thank you very much. I understand now. What makes this answer choice hard is the wording. Any tips to make this type of problems easier in the future?

gave kudos to all.

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18 Jul 2010, 21:02
I believe it should be C

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19 Jul 2010, 05:21
i Still feel its C
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20 Jul 2010, 14:48
if you find one of this bold questions in D examn, that means that you are doing great
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24 Jul 2010, 04:45
Hurrah first time Bold Face question's answer is right. D

Position/Prediction--- is the conclusion the of the author...So "However, eliminating criminal penalties for drug use would almost certainly decrease rather than increase the incidence of violent crime" is the position.

direct relationship between two activities:: took a while to understand 2 actvities---police increase their enforcement,the number of violent crimes committed.

so if the position is true then the first 2 activities don't happen.....OMG what a difficult question to read....

hope that helps

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09 Aug 2010, 09:39
Phew got this one right!!!!....Been a disaster today!

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09 Aug 2010, 09:57
Although I saw the OA for me it feels like C

That's the main problem about me I cant agree with OA:))

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09 Aug 2010, 18:51
Hey All,

A lot of people still like C here, so I just want to make clear. The bolded statement says that when you get more police enforcement of drug crime, other crime goes down. But the conclusion of the overall argument is that if you make drugs legal (which would mean there was absolutely NO police enforcement of drug crime, which they told us before usually made other crime go down), other crime would STILL go down. This is why the answer is D. The final conclusion goes AGAINST that first premise we were given.

Make sense?

-t
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09 Sep 2010, 10:43
Pretty good question.
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12 Sep 2010, 03:29
+1 for D

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12 Sep 2011, 10:32
nice one

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04 Dec 2013, 06:15
Hi all,

My concern is, in D, it is written that - The first is a direct relationship between two activities that the letter writer predicts will not hold in the future.
If we break the question down, the first part says that - when anti-drug laws increase, crimes decrease. - This is the only relationship it talks about.
Now, however, the author goes on to say that - when anti-drug laws decrease, crimes decrease. - This in no way is refuting/contradicting the previous relationship.
Isn't the question poorly worded?

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16 Jan 2015, 11:36
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

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15 Apr 2015, 20:52
Hey there,

Request you not to post the answer related things on the top of question.

It kills the interest to solve question

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12 Nov 2016, 06:22
Just my 2 cents

The passage's construction is

1st sentence = Common Belief : Illegal drug use is often associated with other violent crimes.
2nd sentence = Fact supporting common belief: Statistics indicate that each time police increase their enforcement of anti-drug laws in the city, the number of violent crimes committed in the city declines as a result.
3rd sentence = Author's position : However, eliminating criminal penalties for drug use would almost certainly decrease rather than increase the incidence of violent crime.
4th sentence = Prediction that support author's position: If drugs were no longer illegal, the price would drop precipitously, and drug users would be less likely to use illegal means to acquire the money necessary to support their drug habits.

A) The first is support offered by the letter writer for a certain forecast; the second is that forecast.
the first BF goes against the forecast
B) The first acknowledges an observation that refutes the main position that the letter writer takes; the second is that position.
The second BF is not the position
C) The first is a direct relationship between two activities that the letter writer predicts will hold in the case at hand; the second offers information that, if true, would support that prediction.
The writer predict will not hold the first BF
D) The first is a direct relationship between two activities that the letter writer predicts will not hold in the case at hand; the second offers information that, if true, would support that prediction.
Correct
E) The first is a statement that the letter writer believes is true; the second is presented as a logical inference drawn from the truth of that statement.
The second BF didn't drawn from the first one.

Correct me if I'm wrong

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