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Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant

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Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant  [#permalink]

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GMAT® Official Guide 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 733
Page: 692

Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.

(A) Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.

(B) Discovered in 1884, the asteroid lda, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.

(C) In the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, the asteroid lda, discovered in 1884 and named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter.

(D) The asteroid Ida, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter and discovered in 1884, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.

(E) Ida, an asteroid discovered in 1884 and which was named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.

Ida the Asteroid

(A) Meaning / Verb (having been named)

(B) CORRECT

(C) Sentence Structure

(D) Idiom (to orbit)

(E) Parallelism (X and Y); Idiom (to orbit)


First glance

The entire sentence is underlined; keep an eye out for Sentence Structure, Meaning, Modifier, and Parallelism issues.

Issues

(1) Meaning / Verb: having been named

Strip the original sentence down to the opening modifier and the core subject and verb:

“Having been named for a mythological nymph, the asteroid named Ida was discovered in 1884.”

The construction having been named conveys an action that takes place before the action in the main verb (was discovered). It is illogical, though, to suggest that the asteroid was named before it was discovered. Eliminate answer (A) for a faulty meaning.

(2) Sentence Structure

Answer choice (C) is a sentence fragment; it does not contain a main verb.

"In the middle … Jupiter , the asteroid Ida , discovered in X and named for Y.”

Opening modifier , Subject (Ida) , modifier and modifier.

The subject is Ida but no main verb exists. Both discovered and named are modifiers.

(3) Idiom: to orbit

Answers (A), (B), and (C) say in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit. Answers (D) and (E) say in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit.

The correct idiom is in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun.

(4) Parallelism: X and Y

Answer (E) employs a faulty parallel construction:

an asteroid …

discovered in 1884

and

which was named for a mythological nymph


Generally speaking, don’t make a which clause parallel to an –ed modifier. (If you really want to know why: The which modifier is a clause and the –ed modifier is a phrase. Clauses and phrases are not parallel.)

The Correct Answer

Correct answer (B) logically conveys that the asteroid was first discovered and then named. It uses the proper idiom in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sunn=.

Originally posted by thanhmaitran on 23 Aug 2015, 19:28.
Last edited by billybealright on 27 Aug 2018, 23:00, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2015, 03:33
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The first thought in such sandwiched sentences is to decide the chronology of the events. The discovery is the first event and hence has to be described first with a modifier status. Then is the naming phenomenon, so push this incidental info to the next in another modifier. The third most important point is what it is doing and where it is doing at the moment. Give this most important factor a verb status.

You will see B fulfilling all the criteria.

In A the discovery has been pushed to the last; it might erroneously mean that discovery was made after all the other things were done or even because other things were done

C is a blatant fragment

The infinitive ‘to orbit’ in D and E is unidiomatic

Word order questions are above par questions.
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Re: Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2015, 00:30
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Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.

A. Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884 - Present participle does not seem good. Moreover, mentioning 'Named' two time is redundant.
B. Discovered in 1884, the asteroid lda, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter - Correct.
C. In the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, the asteroid lda, discovered in 1884 and named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter - No verb for 'Asteroid lda'. Incomplete sentence.
D. The asteroid Ida, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter and discovered in 1884, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter - Using 'To' before 'orbit' shows that asteroids purposefully orbit the sun, which is not the case. Moreover, In sentence - ''named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter and discovered in 1884'' - It is not clear whether 'discovered' is parallel to ' cared' or 'named'.
E. Ida, an asteroid discovered in 1884 and which was named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter - In this option, Past participle is made parallel with Verb. Using 'To' before 'orbit' shows that asteroids purposefully orbit the sun, which is not the case.

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Re: Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2015, 11:02
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The trick of the trade in dealing with such multiple modifiers is to stick to the main objective; you might do well to fix the main subject and its core activity and ignore all the modifiers for the time being.
Here 'Ida' is the subject and its core activity is that it is in the midst of more such asteroids that also orbit the sun. The core activity should be given a verb status. In addition, to orbit will be out of sync as pointed out by others as there is no intention or purpose involved.


A. Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884. --- The core activity that Ida is in the midst of other asteroids is just expressed a in prepositional modifier without the verb ‘is’

B. Discovered in 1884, the asteroid lda, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter. --- Correct expression of core activity; best fit

C. In the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, the asteroid lda, discovered in 1884 and named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter. Job made easy; this is a fragment

D. The asteroid Ida, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter and discovered in 1884, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter. ‘to orbit’ is the culprit
E. Ida, an asteroid discovered in 1884 and which was named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter. --- ‘to orbit’ is the culprit
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Re: Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2015, 09:07
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amatya wrote:
Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.


(A) Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.

Having Been creates a timeline in the past which referes that Action A happens before Action B in the past.

Here it means -

Naming the mythological Nymph------------Discovery of the asteroid named IDA.

(B) Discovered in 1884, the asteroid Ida, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.

Correct.!!

(C) In the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, the asteroid Ida, discovered in 1884 and named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter.

Seems like a jumbled sentence - Wordy and Awkward.

(D) The asteroid Ida, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter and discovered in 1884, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.

Incorrect. ( highhlighted portions)

(E) Ida, an asteroid discovered in 1884 and which was named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter

Incorrect ( highhlighted portions)

Hence IMHO (B)
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Re: Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2018, 20:24
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RajatGoel wrote:
thanhmaitran wrote:

(D) The asteroid Ida, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter and discovered in 1884, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.


GMATNinja, mikemcgarry, Hey, Can you please help me with the errors in D. One error which i have understood is that the usage of "to orbit" is incorrect.

Can you please comment on the parallelism in the noun modifier "named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter and discovered in 1884"

Thanks in Advance.

The use of "to orbit" is the most glaring issue in (D). If I write, "Tim is in class to learn," I'm communicating that Tim has a conscious intent and motivation for being in class -- in other words, he wants to learn. Similarly, in "The asteroid Ida is in the middle of the belt of asteroids...to orbit the sun," it sounds as the asteroid is a conscious entity that's placed itself in the middle of this belt because it wishes to orbit the sun. Outside of science fiction or maybe a Michael Bay movie, a conscious asteroid is not logical.

As for "and discovered" I wouldn't say that it's wrong so much as it is confusing. In "named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter and discovered in 1884," the "and" is a parallel marker. At first glance, it appears as though "discovered" is parallel to the verb "cared," and we're getting ready to figure out what this nymph discovered -- except that the nymph didn't discover anything. In reality, it only makes sense for "discovered" to be parallel to the modifier "named," but it's very difficult to see this without rereading the sentence a few times. The OA doesn't create the same confusion, and that's a big part of why (B) is correct.

I hope this helps!
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Re: Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2015, 05:11
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Meaning analysis:
1. Asteroid Ida is in the middle of belt of asteroids that orbit the sun between mars and Jupiter.
2. Asteroid Ida was discovered in 1884
3. It is named for a for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter

Error :
1. Having been – “is not correct, it happened in past.” Named is better option.
2. Modifier issue “Having been “ should modify specific noun Ida (Ida was named, not asteroid was named) , I am not sure if this is correct, but if better construction is found then it should be given preference.

POE.
A. Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.

B. Discovered in 1884, the asteroid lda, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.
Correct
Discovered in 1884 (Ved modifier modifying asteroid),
the asteroid lda,
named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter (modifier modifying Ida),
is (verb for singular subject Ida) in the middle of the belt of asteroids
that orbit (plural verb for plural subject asteroids) the Sun between Mars and Jupiter



C. In the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, the asteroid lda, discovered in 1884 and named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter.
There is no verb at all
If we remove the fluff – sentence will be “the asteroid discovered and named”
discovered and named are not Verb but Ved modifier.
Incorrect – No Verb error

D. The asteroid Ida, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter and discovered in 1884, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.
Everything is correct till “belt of asteroids”, we need to describe the belt of asteroids,
Meaning error “Ida is in the middle of belt to orbit the sun between mars and Jupiter” this is not intended meaning
Incorrect – meaning error


E. Ida, an asteroid discovered in 1884 and which was named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.

Meaning error “Ida is in the middle of belt to orbit the sun between mars and Jupiter” this is not intended meaning
Parallelism error – Ida “ an asteroid discovered in 1884” (noun phrase) cannot be made parallel “Which was named .. “ relative clause modifier.
Incorrect – Meaning , Parallelism
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Re: Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2015, 21:32
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Quick 'IN' & 'OUT' strategy:

Meaning - The sentence gives information about "Asteroid Ida" - discovery, naming of the asteroid, and its orbit.

A. "Having Construction" - Wrong modifier . Typically "having constructions" are wrong in Sc.

B. Looks fine

C. No verb - Incomplete sentence

D. Logically not parallel (It needs to be first discovered and then named)

Another error is the "To orbit" construction - illogical

E. Typically "Which" in GMAT Sc is always preceded by , or preposition. (Another error is the "To orbit" construction - illogical)

This option is having neither.

Correct Answer "B"
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Re: Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2015, 13:12
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Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.
A. Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.
B. Discovered in 1884, the asteroid lda, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.
C. In the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, the asteroid lda, discovered in 1884 and named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter.
D. The asteroid Ida, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter and discovered in 1884, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.
E. Ida, an asteroid discovered in 1884 and which was named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.



First Glance: "Having..." is a modifier that must modify the subject immediately. The modifier's intent is to express who Ida was named after, but the modifier is modifying "the asteroid named Ida", which creates an awkward and incorrect combination.
Eliminate A
Scanning B-E: Eliminate C for the missing verb error. Eliminate D and E for is...to orbit (the infinitive form is used to show intent/purpose and this is incorrect in the sentence's context).
B is correct: S-V make grammatical and logical sense. Modifiers appropriately modify "the asteroid Ida".
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Re: Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2015, 22:43
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amatya wrote:
Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.

(A) Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.
(B) Discovered in 1884, the asteroid Ida, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.
(C) In the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, the asteroid Ida, discovered in 1884 and named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter.
(D) The asteroid Ida, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter and discovered in 1884, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.
(E) Ida, an asteroid discovered in 1884 and which was named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter


My analysis:

A- having been is incorrect.
B- correct in all respect.
c- has no main verb.
d- to orbit is incorrect.
e- which was and to orbit are wrong.

I hope this makes sense.
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Re: Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2017, 07:18
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LakerFan24 wrote:
still not convinced why answer A is incorrect. " need more solid explanations than "having doesn't sound right"


"Having" + participle is used to depict a completed event, e.g.,
Having finished my lunch, I left for the station...... implies that AFTER I fnished my lunch, I left for the station.


The structure of option A is as follows:
Having been named for a nymph, the asteroid was discovered.
The above implies that the AFTER the asteroid was named, it was discovered. This is absurd because naming cannot happen before an asteroid is discovered.
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Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 29 Mar 2019, 10:01
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Hello Everyone!

Let's tackle this question, one issue at a time, and figure out the correct choice! First, let's take a quick look at the original question, and highlight any obvious differences between the options in orange:

Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.

(A) Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.
(B) Discovered in 1884, the asteroid lda, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.
(C) In the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, the asteroid lda, discovered in 1884 and named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter.
(D) The asteroid Ida, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter and discovered in 1884, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.
(E) Ida, an asteroid discovered in 1884 and which was named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.

Whenever you see the entire sentence underlined, you have to think about both the minor differences between the options and the overall grammar issue the entire sentence deals with:

1. that orbit / to orbit (idioms)
2. having been named / named / which was named (verb tense)

...and our overall grammar concept?

3. Modifiers (placement and usage)


To begin, let's start with #1 on our list: that orbit vs. to orbit. This is an easy one that will knock 2-3 options out of contention quickly. It is idiomatically correct to say that "objects that orbit" and not "objects to orbit." So, let's see which options do this correctly:

(A) Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.
(B) Discovered in 1884, the asteroid lda, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.
(C) In the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, the asteroid lda, discovered in 1884 and named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter.
(D) The asteroid Ida, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter and discovered in 1884, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.
(E) Ida, an asteroid discovered in 1884 and which was named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.

We can eliminate options D & E because they don't use the right idiom "that orbit." How easy was that? Sometimes, starting with the simplest differences can rule out several wrong options without much effort!

Now that we're down to 3 options, let's focus on #2: verb tense. We know that these events happened in a particular order:

1. An asteroid was discovered in 1884.
2. The asteroid was named Ida after a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter.
3. Ida is located in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the sun between Mars and Jupiter.


Let's make sure that the verb tenses throughout each sentence tell the events in the right order, and don't create any confusion:

(A) Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.

This is INCORRECT because it puts the events in the wrong order! By using the past perfect "having been named," this suggests that the asteroid was named Ida BEFORE it was discovered?? That doesn't make sense, does it? Let's eliminate this one.

(B) Discovered in 1884, the asteroid lda, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.

This is CORRECT! The past tense "discovered" clearly shows that the asteroid was discovered in the past. The word "named" here is being used as a modifier, so it's fine how it is. We also like the use of the present tense "is" to show that Ida is still currently located in the same place, which makes sense!

(C) In the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, the asteroid lda, discovered in 1884 and named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter.

This is INCORRECT because it's a sentence fragment! We have two modifiers (highlighted in red), and a subject - but it's missing a verb altogether!

There you go - option B is the correct choice! It uses the right idiom "that orbit" and it's a complete sentence with the right verb tenses!


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Originally posted by EMPOWERgmatVerbal on 06 Nov 2018, 16:56.
Last edited by EMPOWERgmatVerbal on 29 Mar 2019, 10:01, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2020, 19:48
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kazup wrote:
Hello AjiteshArun, thank you very much for your reply!

As for the participle clause, I learned the following rule from a book: "Participle clauses do not have a specific tense. The tense is indicated by the verb in the main clause."

I thought "Discovered in 1884" was a participle clause but is it just an adjective phrase modifying "Ida"? (maybe that is why I was confusing.. !)
Hi kazup,

There are quite a few people here who seem to follow that rule, but it is definitely not something that I am familiar with. As far as I know, the burden of identifying the intended meaning is on the reader. The tense of the main verb could be one of the things that a reader could use to get to that meaning, but I just don't see how the main verb can always determine the participle's meaning.

That said, it could be that I am missing something here, and it would be great to get more opinions on this.
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New post 08 Sep 2015, 09:54
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Damn....took 3 min!!! this has to be a 700 level and not 600 ?
Was struggling to decide between A and B.
A)Grammatically correct but is convoluted
B)Easier to read and makes sense. Correct answer
C) Fragment
D) Use of infinitive changes the meaning...(is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars)
E) Use of infinitive changes the meaning..(is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars)
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New post 09 Sep 2015, 17:43
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this question tell us that gmat can use simple grammar rules to bring us a very hard questions. all of us have enough grammar to do this question but most of us fail. the reason is that we do not focus on meaning analysis.

but we admit that for some questions , we need to know grammar rules , some time rarely used rules, to solve. for example, the question "golden crap, because of" require the knowledge of gerund to solve.

so, learn some grammar rules more but focus on meaing analysis
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New post 23 Nov 2016, 16:36
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schelljo wrote:
Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.

A) Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.



My question is regarding choice A. Are you allowed to have a modifier that begins with a preposition as in the highlighted one above?

Dear schelljo,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

The short answer is: YES. Any phrase inside a pair of commas, set off from the grammatical flow of the rest of the sentence, is known rhetorically as an aside. It's a way to add extra information to the sentence that is not essential to the overall grammatical flow of the sentence. Yes, this could be a prepositional phrase or series of prepositional phrases, or any other noun-modify or verb-modifying phrase or clause.

Does this make sense?
Mike :-)
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New post 26 Mar 2018, 09:02
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aviejay wrote:
thanhmaitran wrote:
Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.

A. Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.

B. Discovered in 1884, the asteroid lda, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.

C. In the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, the asteroid lda, discovered in 1884 and named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter.

D. The asteroid Ida, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter and discovered in 1884, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.

E. Ida, an asteroid discovered in 1884 and which was named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.



Can someone please explain what is wrong with "and discovered in 1884" in option D?


The asteroid Ida, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter and discovered in 1884, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter
two issues:
1. to orbit
2. The asteroid Ida, named for a mythological nymph (who cared for the infant Jupiter and discovered in 1884), is in.... this is also a different meaning coming up because of the placement of "and discovered in 1884".

Whenever you see choices keeping phrases here and there, then it means you should watch out for misplaced modifier issue. Such issues creates meaning issues.
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New post 08 Sep 2015, 02:36
Can anyone explain how to solve such types of questions I tried egmat 3 step process but was completely stuck in this question
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New post 21 Nov 2016, 19:36
Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.

A) Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.



My question is regarding choice A. Are you allowed to have a modifier that begins with a preposition as in the highlighted one above?
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New post 27 May 2017, 10:25
Hi,
here's what the official solution says about answer A
"A. Opening with a past perfect passive verb, Having been named, this version of the sentence illogically suggests that being named for a mythological nymph preceded the discovery of Ilda"

Why Having been named is "past perfect passive"? The past perfect is formed by
subject + had + past participle
So the passive would be
Subject + had + been + past participle

In this case the past perfect passive would be "Had been named" and not "Having been named"

Can someone please explain?

Thanks
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Re: Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant   [#permalink] 27 May 2017, 10:25

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