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Having established a base camp in McMurdo Sound and spent the winter o

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Having established a base camp in McMurdo Sound and spent the winter o  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2015, 09:47
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Having established a base camp in McMurdo Sound and spent the winter of 1908 there, Ernest Shackleton headed south with three men, four ponies and supplies, but because of conditions in the Antarctic inland so brutal that all of the ponies died, his party ultimately failed to reach the South Pole, turning around at a then-record of a latitude of 88°23' South.

A) because of conditions in the Antarctic inland so brutal that all of the ponies died, his party ultimately failed to reach the South Pole, turning around

B) because of conditions in the Antarctic inland of such brutality so that all of the ponies died, his party failing ultimately to reach the South Pole, to turn around

C) because conditions in the Antarctic inland being as brutal as to kill all of the ponies, his party failing to reach ultimately the South Pole, turning around

D) because conditions in the Antarctic inland had been this brutal so that all of the ponies died, his party ultimately failed to reach the South Pole, turned around

E) because conditions in the Antarctic inland are so brutal as to kill all of the ponies, his party failing to reach ultimately the South Pole, turning around

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Re: Having established a base camp in McMurdo Sound and spent the winter o  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2015, 15:03
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[quote="tia2112"]Having established a base camp in McMurdo Sound and spent the winter of 1908 there, Ernest Shackleton headed south with three men, four ponies and supplies, but because of conditions in the Antarctic inland so brutal that all of the ponies died, his party ultimately failed to reach the South Pole, turning around at a then-record of a latitude of 88°23' South.



A)because of conditions in the Antarctic inland so brutal that all of the ponies died, his party ultimately failed to reach the South Pole, turning around

B)because of conditions in the Antarctic inland of such brutality so that all of the ponies died, his party failing ultimately to reach the South Pole, to turn around ---> to turn around ... INCORRECT

C)because conditions in the Antarctic inland being as brutal as to kill all of the ponies, his party failing to reach ultimately the South Pole, turning around ----> his party failing to reach ultimately the South Pole, turning around..... ---- SENTENCE FRAGMENT -- INCORRECT

D)because conditions in the Antarctic inland had been this brutal so that all of the ponies died, his party ultimately failed to reach the South Pole, turned around ----> turned around --- INCORRECT

E)because conditions in the Antarctic inland are so brutal as to kill all of the ponies, his party failing to reach ultimately the South Pole, turning around ---->his party failing to reach ultimately the South Pole, turning around.... ---> SENTENCE FRAGMENT. INCORRECT


THUS OPTION A

Can you please specify the source of this question?

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Re: Having established a base camp in McMurdo Sound and spent the winter o  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2015, 14:46
sagarsir wrote:
tia2112 wrote:
Having established a base camp in McMurdo Sound and spent the winter of 1908 there, Ernest Shackleton headed south with three men, four ponies and supplies, but because of conditions in the Antarctic inland so brutal that all of the ponies died, his party ultimately failed to reach the South Pole, turning around at a then-record of a latitude of 88°23' South.



A)because of conditions in the Antarctic inland so brutal that all of the ponies died, his party ultimately failed to reach the South Pole, turning around

B)because of conditions in the Antarctic inland of such brutality so that all of the ponies died, his party failing ultimately to reach the South Pole, to turn around ---> to turn around ... INCORRECT

C)because conditions in the Antarctic inland being as brutal as to kill all of the ponies, his party failing to reach ultimately the South Pole, turning around ----> his party failing to reach ultimately the South Pole, turning around..... ---- SENTENCE FRAGMENT -- INCORRECT

D)because conditions in the Antarctic inland had been this brutal so that all of the ponies died, his party ultimately failed to reach the South Pole, turned around ----> turned around --- INCORRECT

E)because conditions in the Antarctic inland are so brutal as to kill all of the ponies, his party failing to reach ultimately the South Pole, turning around ---->his party failing to reach ultimately the South Pole, turning around.... ---> SENTENCE FRAGMENT. INCORRECT


THUS OPTION A

Can you please specify the source of this question?

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From the options avaliable it looks tha A is the best one, althought it doesn´t sound correct to me.

It seems to me that there is a missing verb before of such in the clause: "the Antarctic inland of such brutality so"

Am I wrong?
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Re: Having established a base camp in McMurdo Sound and spent the winter o  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2015, 21:19
"comma+ing-form" of verb is used in the end of the sentence to modify preceding clause. thus "turning around" is right

tia2112 wrote:
Having established a base camp in McMurdo Sound and spent the winter of 1908 there, Ernest Shackleton headed south with three men, four ponies and supplies, but because of conditions in the Antarctic inland so brutal that all of the ponies died, his party ultimately failed to reach the South Pole, turning around at a then-record of a latitude of 88°23' South.



A)because of conditions in the Antarctic inland so brutal that all of the ponies died, his party ultimately failed to reach the South Pole, turning around

B)because ofconditions in the Antarctic inland of such brutality so that all of the ponies died, his party failing ultimately to reach the South Pole, to turn around--idiotn because of X of such Y so that Z---wrong

C)becauseconditions in the Antarctic inland being as brutal as to kill all of the ponies, his partyfailing to reach ultimately the South Pole, turning around---Because X being AS y as to Z-->wrong...the placement of ultimately is wrong..its better to say "ultimately failed to reach X

D)because conditions in the Antarctic inland had been this brutal so that all of the ponies died, his party ultimately failed to reach the South Pole, turned around-->because X this brutal so that Y happened--ughh its wrong...turned around? why verbed? it should be ing-form

E)because conditions in the Antarctic inland are so brutal as to killall of the ponies, his party failing to reach ultimatelythe South Pole, turning around-->because X so brutal as to Y-->its wrong...use of ultimately is wrong

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Re: Having established a base camp in McMurdo Sound and spent the winter o  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 00:24
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Split #1: the part before the underline has a modifier, then a full independent clause with a subject (“Ernest Shackleton”) and a verb (“headed”). Then there’s a “but” right before the underline. If we have an independent clause, then a “but”, we need another independent clause. In this second clause, “his party” would be the noun, and it needs a bonafide verb: “failed” is a good solid verb, but “failing” is only a participle, and can’t support a full independent clause. A full independent clause needs a verb. (B) & (C) & (E) are wrong on this split.

Split #2: the comparison. The structure --- “so” [adjective] “that” --- is a favorite on the GMAT. This is one proper way to express this idea. (A) has “so brutal that” --- perfectly correct. (B) has “of such brutality so that” --- this is grammatically incorrect; if this were “of such brutality that”, that form would be grammatical correct, although somewhat wordy. (C) has “being as brutal as to” --- awkward and grammatically incorrect. (D) has “this brutal so that” --- in another context, this might be OK, but here, there’s no referent for the word “this”, so it doesn’t fit in context. (E) has “so brutal as to” --- this is another perfectly correct structure.

These two splits are enough to narrow the answer down to (A). (A) is the best answer.



FAQ: In answer choice A, shouldn't there be a verb (like "were") between "inland" and "so brutal"?

Let's dive into this sentence.The way that the answer is written in (A) is actually correct. We don't need to add a verb, such as "were," and here is why:

The structure is:

Because of (noun phrase), main independent clause.

Here, the noun phrase is: "conditions in the Antarctic inland so brutal that all of the ponies died."

"Conditions" is the noun and "in the Antarctic inland so brutal that all of the ponies died" answers the question "what conditions?" and works as an adjectival phrase.

The "that were" is implied and we can omit it:
...because of conditions in the Antarctic [that were] so brutal that all of his ponies died.

We can leave in "that were" but it just makes the sentence sounds more wordy.

Another correct example:
"He visited a place [that was] so beautiful that he never wanted to leave."

https://gmat.magoosh.com/questions/3215/a/165605386
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Re: Having established a base camp in McMurdo Sound and spent the winter o  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 01:58
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Having established a base camp in McMurdo Sound and spent the winter of 1908 there, Ernest Shackleton headed south with three men, four ponies and supplies, but because of conditions in the Antarctic inland so brutal that all of the ponies died, his party ultimately failed to reach the South Pole, turning around at a then-record of a latitude of 88°23' South.

A)because of conditions in the Antarctic inland so brutal that all of the ponies died, his party ultimately failed to reach the South Pole, turning around

B)because of conditions in the Antarctic inland of such brutality so that all of the ponies died, his party failing ultimately to reach the South Pole, to turn around

C)because conditions in the Antarctic inland being as brutal as to kill all of the ponies, his party failing to reach ultimately the South Pole, turning around

D)because conditions in the Antarctic inland had been this brutal so that all of the ponies died, his party ultimately failed to reach the South Pole, turned around

E)because conditions in the Antarctic inland are so brutal as to kill all of the ponies, his party failing to reach ultimately the South Pole, turning around

Let's look at this way:

1. Whether you have an untensed modifier in the first part started with a prepositional phrase (because of) or you have a subordinate clause stated with a subordinate conjunction (because), it is vital that you should have a fully tensed independent clause that follows after the comma to act as the main clause.

As per this basic grammar norm, B, C, and E are fragment as has been brought out already by Sagar. \

2. Between A and D, D is a comma splice. A is the winner.
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Re: Having established a base camp in McMurdo Sound and spent the winter o  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2018, 06:30
Only A carries correct usage of parallelism pairs .. So.. That !!
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Re: Having established a base camp in McMurdo Sound and spent the winter o  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2019, 00:36
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Re: Having established a base camp in McMurdo Sound and spent the winter o   [#permalink] 16 Oct 2019, 00:36
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