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# Having finally reached a tentative labor agreement with its

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Having finally reached a tentative labor agreement with its [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2013, 23:37
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Having finally reached a tentative labor agreement with its company's pilots, it must now be determined by the airline's board of directors how the airline can both increase profits and compete more effectively for customers than they did in the past.

(A) it must now be determined by the airline's board of directors how the airline can both increase profits and compete more effectively for customers than they did in the past
(B) it must now be determined by the airline's board of directors how the airline can both increase profits and must compete more effectively than in the past for customers
(C) the airline's board of directors must now determine both how to make the airline increase profits and compete more effectively for customers than they did in the past
(D) the airline's board of directors must now determine how the airline can both increase profits and compete more effectively for customers than it did in the past
(E) the airline's board of directors must now determine how the airline can both increase profits and also how to make it compete more effectively than in the past for customers
[Reveal] Spoiler:
(C) the airline's board of directors must now determine both how to make the airline increase profits and compete more effectively for customers than they did in the past
(D) the airline's board of directors must now determine how the airline can both increase profits and compete more effectively for customers than it did in the past
(E) the airline's board of directors must now determine how the airline can both increase profits and also how to make it compete more effectively than in the past for customers

Who "Having finally reached a tentative labor agreement with its company's pilots" modifies? the airline's board of directors. So the subject must follow the comma: out A B.
In C both is misplaced, so we can eliminate this option. The correct idom is "both X and Y" not "both X and also Y", D wins: it also more clear and coincise then E.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Having finally reached a tentative labor agreement with [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2013, 00:06
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The simple process of elimination of C is that the singular airline is being pronouned as 'they' which is a subject - pronoun number error.
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Re: Having finally reached a tentative labor agreement with [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2013, 01:44
rakeshd347 wrote:
Having finally reached a tentative labor agreement with its company's pilots, it must now be determined by the airline's board of directors how the airline can both increase profits and compete more effectively for customers than they did in the past.

(A) it must now be determined by the airline's board of directors how the airline can both increase profits and compete more effectively for customers than they did in the past
(B) it must now be determined by the airline's board of directors how the airline can both increase profits and must compete more effectively than in the past for customers
(C) the airline's board of directors must now determine both how to make the airline increase profits and compete more effectively for customers than they did in the past
(D) the airline's board of directors must now determine how the airline can both increase profits and compete more effectively for customers than it did in the past
(E) the airline's board of directors must now determine how the airline can both increase profits and also how to make it compete more effectively than in the past for customers

Modifier problem.
Having...... with its company's pilot, the airline's board of director must now determine how the airline can both increase.... and compete..........

So E is correct.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Having finally reached a tentative labor agreement with [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2013, 02:25
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E is not correct becos of 'both and also' redundancy; D is the one. May be a typo
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Re: Having finally reached a tentative labor agreement with [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2013, 10:32
Its 'D'

the airline's board of directors must now determine how the airline can both increase profits and compete more effectively for customers than it did in the past

opening modifier correctly modifying the airline's board.
'both'..'and' parallelism marker correctly made increase profits and compete more effectively

past and preset performance separated by 'than' also right
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Re: Having finally reached a tentative labor agreement with [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2013, 14:30
IMO D
A and B are out due to pronoun referent issue
C has incorrect placement of "both"
E has incorrect use of "also" along with "both" - making unnecessary double comparison
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Re: Having finally reached a tentative labor agreement with its [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2013, 12:37
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Having finally reached a tentative labor agreement with its company's pilots, it must now be determined by the airline's board of directors how the airline can both increase profits and compete more effectively for customers than they did in the past.

(A) it must now be determined by the airline's board of directors how the airline can both increase profits and compete more effectively for customers than they did in the past
(B) it must now be determined by the airline's board of directors how the airline can both increase profits and must compete more effectively than in the past for customers
(C) the airline's board of directors must now determine both how to make the airline increase profits and compete more effectively for customers than they did in the past
(D) the airline's board of directors must now determine how the airline can both increase profits and compete more effectively for customers than it did in the past
(E) the airline's board of directors must now determine how the airline can both increase profits and also how to make it compete more effectively than in the past for customers

MEANING:
Airline's board of directors can now determine how :
1.to increase profit
2.to compete more effectively
in the same way board was doing before.

CATCH:
Airline's board: collective noun
Having finally reached a tentative labor agreement with its company's pilots: THIS IS A MODIFIER...so ask question WHO?....So as per the meaning of sentence answer will be airline's board which is noun.
whenever modifier modifies a noun then it should touch the noun ,so on the basis of this we can eliminate A,B...as modifier is not touching noun.

now we have C D E
(C) the airline's board of directors must now determine both how to make the airline increase profits and compete more effectively for customers than they did in the past(In this "they" is incorrect because as per the meaning "they" should represent board ....but airline's board is singular so this pronoun is incorrect.
(D) the airline's board of directors must now determine how the airline can both increase profits and compete more effectively for customers than it did in the past(correct)
(E) the airline's board of directors must now determine how the airline can both increase profits and also how to make it compete more effectively than in the past for customers(in this there are 2 errors:(a).and also together is redundant
(b)parrallelism error---how the airline can both increase profits AND also how to make it compete more effectively
both sides of and is not parallel.

hope i correctly explained.
experts please suggest if i am wrong somewhere.

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Re: Having finally reached a tentative labor agreement with its [#permalink]

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15 May 2014, 06:39
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Re: Having finally reached a tentative labor agreement with its [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2015, 14:13
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Having finally reached a tentative labor agreement with its [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2016, 01:24
Having finally reached a tentative labor agreement with its company's pilots, it must now be determined by the airline's board of directors how the airline can both increase profits and compete more effectively for customers than they did in the past.

(C) the airline's board of directors must now determine both how to make the airline increase profits and compete more effectively for customers than they did in the past
(D) the airline's board of directors must now determine how the airline can both increase profits and compete more effectively for customers than it did in the past
(E) the airline's board of directors must now determine how the airline can both increase profits and also how to make it compete more effectively than in the past for customers

Kudos [?]: 30 [0], given: 342

Re: Having finally reached a tentative labor agreement with its   [#permalink] 26 Aug 2016, 01:24
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