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Having studied the mystic art of shamanism for seven years, Damian not

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Having studied the mystic art of shamanism for seven years, Damian not  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2020, 00:53
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Having studied the mystic art of shamanism for seven years, Damian noticed that when the Chant of Rain was recited by a group of shamans during the night of a full moon, the place mentioned in the chant would get rainfall within a week. Damian thus concluded that it would be impossible to summon rain using the chant during the three weeks before the full moon.

Damian's conclusion relies on which of the following assumptions?


(A) Shamans only chant their chants on moonlit nights.

(B) It only rains after the recitation of the Chant of Rain.

(C) The Chant of Rain is only effective when recited under a full moon.

(D) The shamans' ability to control weather has not been scientifically proven yet.

(E) The chant is ineffective unless a group of experienced shamans recites it.

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Re: Having studied the mystic art of shamanism for seven years, Damian not  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2020, 02:12
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Having studied the mystic art of shamanism for seven years, Damian noticed that when the Chant of Rain was recited by a group of shamans during the night of a full moon, the place mentioned in the chant would get rainfall within a week. Damian thus concluded that it would be impossible to summon rain using the chant during the three weeks before the full moon.

Damian's conclusion relies on which of the following assumptions?

Need to find the assumption
Premise: Chant of Rain when recited by group of shamans on a full moon, brings rain.
Premise: Place mentioned in Chant of Rain gets the rain
Conclusion: Wait for 3 weeks for full moon.

It's clear that the place gets rain if it is mentioned in Chant of Rains and if Chant of rains is sung on a full moon. Option C clearly summarizes the assumption.


(A) Shamans only chant their chants on moonlit nights.
(B) It only rains after the recitation of the Chant of Rain.

(C) The Chant of Rain is only effective when recited under a full moon.
(D) The shamans' ability to control weather has not been scientifically proven yet.
(E) The chant is ineffective unless a group of experienced shamans recites it.
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Re: Having studied the mystic art of shamanism for seven years, Damian not  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2020, 02:16
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(A) Shamans only chant their chants on moonlit nights.

No supporting premise.

(B) It only rains after the recitation of the Chant of Rain.

We are not concerned about the chance of rain. Rather our concern is the possibility to summon the rain

(C) The Chant of Rain is only effective when recited under a full moon.

Correct

(D) The shamans' ability to control weather has not been scientifically proven yet.

Irrelevant

(E) The chant is ineffective unless a group of experienced shamans recites it.

There is no mention of experience

Answer is (C)

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Re: Having studied the mystic art of shamanism for seven years, Damian not  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2020, 04:46
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IMO, Answer should be 'C'

For Option A -
(A) Shamans only chant their chants on moonlit nights.
Nothing stated relating about this in the premise mentioned. Cannot assume or deduce this option.

For Option B -
(B) It only rains after the recitation of the Chant of Rain.
This option is pointing that only Chant of Rain can bring Rain. We cannot confirm on this from the prompt. Hence Incorrect

For Option D -
(D) The shamans' ability to control weather has not been scientifically proven yet.
Nothing related to scientific proof mentioned in the prompt. Cannot assume or deduce this option.

For Option E -
(E) The chant is ineffective unless a group of experienced shamans recites it.
No specific mention of Experienced Shamans in the prompt. Hence ,again, this option cannot be assumed
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Re: Having studied the mystic art of shamanism for seven years, Damian not  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2020, 06:41
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Quote:
Having studied the mystic art of shamanism for seven years, Damian noticed that when the Chant of Rain was recited by a group of shamans during the night of a full moon, the place mentioned in the chant would get rainfall within a week. Damian thus concluded that it would be impossible to summon rain using the chant during the three weeks before the full moon.

Damian's conclusion relies on which of the following assumptions?
(A) Shamans only chant their chants on moonlit nights.
(B) It only rains after the recitation of the Chant of Rain.
(C) The Chant of Rain is only effective when recited under a full moon.
(D) The shamans' ability to control weather has not been scientifically prove yet.
(E) The chant is ineffective unless a group of experienced shamans recites it.


arg
=after chant of rain recited during full moon
=within week there is rainfall
=thus, impossible recite rain weeks before full moon

asump
(e) irev
(d) irev
(b) irev
(a) doesnt mean its impossible to recite rain before full moon

ans (C) if only on full moon's the chant is effective, then its impossible to recite it before full moon.
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Re: Having studied the mystic art of shamanism for seven years, Damian not  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2020, 06:51
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IMO C

when the Chant of Rain was recited by a group of shamans during the night of a full moon, the place mentioned in the chant would get rainfall within a week.

Conclusion: That it would be impossible to summon rain using the chant during the three weeks before the full moon.

Assumption Negation Technique:

(A) Shamans only chant their chants on moonlit nights. - Negate - Shamans not only chant their chants on moonlit nights- so even if they chant on other nights it wont be possible to summon rain as full night isn't available- so not break the conclusion- Incorrect.

(B) It only rains after the recitation of the Chant of Rain.- If so, then the chant can be done on any day and thus rain can be summoned. so this cannot be an asusmption.- Incorrect

(C) The Chant of Rain is only effective when recited under a full moon.- Correct- Negation- if chant of rain isn't only effective when recited under a full moon, then the rain could have beenn summoned in any week reciting the chant- this breaks the conclusion.

(D) The shamans' ability to control weather has not been scientifically proven yet.- Irrelevant

(E) The chant is ineffective unless a group of experienced shamans recites it.Irrelevant
doesn't help explain why it will not rain.
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Re: Having studied the mystic art of shamanism for seven years, Damian not  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2020, 09:04
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IMO , C ?

Conclusion :
Damian thus concluded that it would be impossible to summon rain using the chant during the three weeks before the full moon.
given that
Damian noticed that when the Chant of Rain was recited by a group of shamans during the night of a full moon, the place mentioned in the chant would get rainfall within a week.

We need to find the assumption.

Lets think .
In what case
it will be possible to summon rain using the chant during the three weeks before the full moon.
If The underlying factors effecting the chant to bring rain also work on other-days other than full moon .
So my assumption is
Except on fullmoon night , there are some factors that dilute the effects of chant .


(A) Shamans only chant their chants on moonlit nights.

-- Not telling about the factors . So out of scope .

(B) It only rains after the recitation of the Chant of Rain.

-- If this is the case then , ten any day can have rain . So out

(C) The Chant of Rain is only effective when recited under a full moon.

-- This is inline with my analysis . Hold on .

(D) The shamans' ability to control weather has not been scientifically proven yet.

-- Out of scope . We are not talking about to control weather .

(E) The chant is ineffective unless a group of experienced shamans recites it.

-- Out of scope . We don't know whether one people or group of experienced people recites . Also if it is effective with a group of people , then they can do so on any other days as well.
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Re: Having studied the mystic art of shamanism for seven years, Damian not  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2020, 12:39
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IMO C
A. Wrong, Whether it rains or not, not discussed
B. Wrong No timing discussed chants
C. Correctly captures the conclusion of the package
D. Irrelevant
E. Irrelevant
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Re: Having studied the mystic art of shamanism for seven years, Damian not  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2020, 00:43

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION



Having studied the mystic art of shamanism for seven years, Damian noticed that when the Chant of Rain was recited by a group of shamans during the night of a full moon, the place mentioned in the chant would get rainfall within a week. Damian thus concluded that it would be impossible to summon rain using the chant during the three weeks before the full moon.

Damian's conclusion relies on which of the following assumptions?



(A) Shamans only chant their chants on moonlit nights.

Incorrect.

To solve this Assumption question, first break down the argument. The second sentence includes a conclusion conjunction (thus) and a conclusion word (concluded) so it's the conclusion, and the first must be a premise.

Damian thinks the chant won't bring rain in the weeks before the full moon because he saw it working under a full moon. Now ask yourself: what must Damian assume for this argument to stand?

Moonlit nights is a general term which could include nearly all the nights of the month. Therefore, it does not help to explain why Damian thinks the chant would not work three weeks before the full moon.



(B) It only rains after the recitation of the Chant of Rain.

Incorrect.

This answer choice does not explain Damian's conclusion. Damian concludes rain cannot be summoned three weeks before a full moon by using the chant, and not that it never rains during those weeks.



(C) The Chant of Rain is only effective when recited under a full moon.

Damian's conclusion is based on the assumption that since he only witnessed the chant being recited under a full moon, that's the only time when the chant is effective. This explains why he thought rain cannot be summoned at any time other than the week that followed the full moon (i.e., not during the other three weeks).

In this case, Damian took a specific case (chant recited under full moon) and made a generalization (chant does not work without full moon).



(D) The shamans' ability to control weather has not been scientifically proven yet.

Incorrect.

To solve this Assumption question, first break down the argument. The second sentence includes a conclusion conjunction (thus) and a conclusion word (concluded) so it's the conclusion, and the first must be a premise.

Damian thinks the chant won't bring rain in the weeks before the full moon because he saw it working under a full moon. Now ask yourself: what must Damian assume for this argument to stand?

If Damian didn't believe in the shaman's power - why would he limit his conclusion to three weeks of the month?



(E) The chant is ineffective unless a group of experienced shamans recites it.

Incorrect.

The people performing the chant are not a part of Damian's conclusion; therefore, this answer choice does not explain why he thought the time of the reciting, rather then the people who perform it, determines its effectiveness.

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Re: Having studied the mystic art of shamanism for seven years, Damian not  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2020, 01:00
Quote:
Having studied the mystic art of shamanism for seven years, Damian noticed that when the Chant of Rain was recited by a group of shamans during the night of a full moon, the place mentioned in the chant would get rainfall within a week. Damian thus concluded that it would be impossible to summon rain using the chant during the three weeks before the full moon.

Damian's conclusion relies on which of the following assumptions?
(A) Shamans only chant their chants on moonlit nights.
(B) It only rains after the recitation of the Chant of Rain.
(C) The Chant of Rain is only effective when recited under a full moon.
(D) The shamans' ability to control weather has not been scientifically prove yet.
(E) The chant is ineffective unless a group of experienced shamans recites it.




A - Incorrect. It talks only about moonlit nights, which the passage is about full-moon nights. Also, they can only chant in moonlit nights has not been mentioned.

B - Incorrect. Tempting answer. But the passage is about summoning the rain using the chant in a particular area. This is a trap using real-world information.

C - Correct. This matches with what is mentioned in the passage. Rain could have been summoned three weeks before full-moon, had the chant been effective on any night. But that is not the case. This should be the assumption.

D - Incorrect. Out of context. Also, this does not support the conclusion, instead, it weakens the argument.

E - Incorrect. Also nowhere mentioned in the passage. So out of context.
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Having studied the mystic art of shamanism for seven years, Damian not  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2020, 17:02
The conclusion: it would be impossible to summon rain using the chant during the three weeks before the full moon.

The conclusion assumes a link between ''full moon'' and ''rain''. Only (C) has this mentioned.

(C) The Chant of Rain is only effective when recited under a full moon.

Hence, (C) is the right answer choice.
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Having studied the mystic art of shamanism for seven years, Damian not   [#permalink] 05 Jun 2020, 17:02

Having studied the mystic art of shamanism for seven years, Damian not

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